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How much different in temperature and pressure can a microclimate be than the surrounding region? In other words, if you had a dry region but then a valley within a ring of mountains that isolated the local environment could the valley have distinctly different humidity, temperature and pressure and how far much different could it get?

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    $\begingroup$ 10mosttoday.com/… or googling "extreme microclimates" (no quotes) may or may not be helpful. $\endgroup$
    – user967
    Sep 22, 2017 at 18:36

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Elevation is often responsible for the biggest differences; you can have snow and glaciers on the top of mountains in warm climates. South America can show you how extreme the differences in precipitation can be: rain forest on one side of the Andes Mountains, world's driest (non-polar) desert on the other. So really it depends on how high and complete your mountain ring is. Here is a decent book on the subject.

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