First off, I am a biologist, not an earth scientist.
Very recently I heard about a very interesting biological phenomenon that has its origins rooted in geology : The Wallace Line.
From a biological perspective, this is very interesting. Wikipedia explains it very, but in short: The Wallace Line describes that in south east Asia there is a very strong divide in occurrence of species when comparing everything from Bali westward, and everything from Lombok eastward. e.g. large mammals characterizing Sumatra and Java are: Tigers, Elephants and Rhinos. Whereas eastward of the Wallace Line, you have your Marsupials. The same goes for many other different animal and plant species.
Explanation given is that many many many years ago when the sea level was much lower, there was an oceanic divide between east and west of south east Asia. This is supposed to be the result of tectonic movement. However, I have not been able to find a detailed explanation what could have caused this deeper oceanic divide. If I look at maps of tectonic plates and tectonic activity in the region, there are no tectonic boundaries that overlap the Wallace line.
So all this leading to my question: What could have been the cause of the this deep divide?