I was reading about tropical cyclones and tropical waves and there I saw a study mentioning its relationship with MJO activities. I saw several research papers which discuss about MJO waves. They only mention that a rising sinking pattern travels eastward at a given speed every 40-60 days.

I could not find any detailed mechanism about how these waves are generated near Africa and Western Indian Ocean. How is the wet-dry pattern formed? Does it have any relation with the high radiation in Northern hemisphere summers? If there is any, do these waves emerge during Southern hemisphere summers too?

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    $\begingroup$ well if you can solve it you can earn yourself the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl-Gustaf_Rossby_Research_Medal :) $\endgroup$
    – gansub
    Oct 10 '18 at 14:24
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    $\begingroup$ The origin of MJO is a mystery unsolved so far. Theories about it abound though - from mid latitude influences to Kelvin wave interaction etc but none convincing yet though $\endgroup$
    – gansub
    Oct 10 '18 at 14:25
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    $\begingroup$ researchfeatures.com/2018/02/27/… $\endgroup$
    – gansub
    Oct 10 '18 at 15:55
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    $\begingroup$ @gansub maybe you can add an answer summarising the remaining problems and where the current research stands? $\endgroup$
    – Gimelist
    Oct 12 '18 at 22:08
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    $\begingroup$ @Agni you will find some useful references in my answer to this question regarding origin of MJO - earthscience.stackexchange.com/questions/13553/… Check out the references that point to Bin wang. $\endgroup$
    – gansub
    Jan 25 '19 at 3:57

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