There seems to be many options for a single problem, but each with different approaches and complications, and that makes is confusing and time consuming for this beginner to work out which to use. I'd like to make an image like:

enter image description here

Each solution/environment/analysis platform seems to have particular benefits, but also perhaps things missing, and each takes a while to learn and surmise its feasibility and adaptability. I'm worried I'll get involved in a software that ends up more difficult or only useful in a certain limited aspects of my study/investigation/research. Some famous platforms used in earth science look to be matlab, R, IDL, NCL, grids, COD, Fortran, ArcGIS, geode, global mapper, eradas, e.t.c.

Among all of these which one is more user friendly, easier to learn, and more efficient for making a plot similar to the one attached?

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    $\begingroup$ i do not understand what you are asking,can you make the question clearer. $\endgroup$ – trond hansen Nov 7 '18 at 5:48
  • $\begingroup$ It comes down to what type of data you have & what you want to do with it. Some software will do some things well & other thing not so well. There is no "one size fits all". One word of warning, Fortran is a scientific computer programming language, where you have to write the code to do everything. $\endgroup$ – Fred Nov 7 '18 at 11:13
  • $\begingroup$ In which software we can make plot similar to attached sample? $\endgroup$ – irfan Nov 7 '18 at 11:15
  • $\begingroup$ To be honest, I feel like I totally get your pain with the many tools in computing when learning to work with geospatial data. I've fiddled with enough through the years, but each seems to come up being poorer at certain angles, and frustratingly quirky/complex when trying to dig into some angles. Same with computer tools in generally really. That has definitely led to hesitation in getting started at certain projects at times, almost a feeling of "I don't even know where to begin". $\endgroup$ – JeopardyTempest Nov 7 '18 at 21:12
  • $\begingroup$ Hope the edits to the question were alright and in line with what you're asking. Not sure such a question will work, since it's opinion bases, and so each person may have their own subjective answer. But it's such a common problem that whole SE communities sprung up to be more welcoming to them... software recommendations and hardware recommendations. I hope we'll be friendly to such a question here, but if not, you could try subsequently posting the question there and making users here aware of the question in chat. $\endgroup$ – JeopardyTempest Nov 7 '18 at 21:15