There seems to be many options for a single problem, but each with different approaches and complications, and that makes is confusing and time consuming for this beginner to work out which to use. I'd like to make an image like:
Each solution/environment/analysis platform seems to have particular benefits, but also perhaps things missing, and each takes a while to learn and surmise its feasibility and adaptability. I'm worried I'll get involved in a software that ends up more difficult or only useful in a certain limited aspects of my study/investigation/research. Some famous platforms used in earth science look to be matlab, R, IDL, NCL, grids, COD, Fortran, ArcGIS, geode, global mapper, eradas, e.t.c.
Among all of these which one is more user friendly, easier to learn, and more efficient for making a plot similar to the one attached?