Mark Shepard in his book "Restoration Agriculture" proclaims
[...] small-scale backyard gardening which has shown in study after study to produce more food per acre than broadscale grain farming.
Unfortunately, he doesn't cite any studies or goes into more detail. Is the main point here that grain farming is particularly low on biomass production, or is there a reason why backyard gardening can in generally have higher yields than industrial farming? References would be very welcome!