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For my project, I am looking for wave height information. My study area is the Odisha coast of the Bay of Bengal. What I have gathered from various research papers is that significant wave height is considered for the wave height. But I could not find any reliable source of the data.

Does anyone have any idea about where can I get the data?

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The paper Assessing Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise between Gopalpur and Puri, Odisha Coast of India, using Remote Sensing and GIS on page 849 states it used wave height data from the INCOIS website.

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  • $\begingroup$ I have gone through the website. In there one can view the data in interactive chart format. But I could not find any options for downloading the data. Do you have any idea on how to download it? $\endgroup$
    – Badal
    Oct 4 at 15:37
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Usually, the most reliable wave data for any of these areas come from the Wavewatch III solutions. Either the global solution or the one for specific regions (there is an Indian Ocean solution). The data is available at the NCEP site (https://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/validation/gefsv12/). In terms of what the right metric is for wave height, significant wave height (the average wave height of the top $\frac{1}{3}$ of the waves during a specific sample time) is the standard metric used in almost all applications related to wave dynamics.

If you are interested in climatological data from the area, I think your best chance is the paper by Anoop et al. (2015). It describes average wave height fields, but also the tendency over the last few years. Directly from their paper:

Average swell and sea wave heights (left) Mean swell and (right) wind sea height in the NIO by wave energy statistical method: (a) annual, (b) premonsoon [February–May (FMAM)], (c) monsoon [June–September (JJAS)], and (d) postmonsoon [October–January (ONDJ)]. All values are in meters.

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