Question: What is the accuracy required in elevation to distinguish the maximal gravity anomaly of a spherical
50% Haematite (Iron mineral) ore with a radius of
2m at a depth of
10m within a shale section.
I'm trying to solve this problem, first we know that the gravity anomaly of a sphere is that of a point mass at the sphere center equal to the product of the density and volume of the sphere, meaning that only the
ρ * V
product governs the anomaly and neither the size or density can be determined
Directly above the sphere the maximum anomaly is:
We know that in order to correct for gravity's elevation we need to use free-air formula which decreases the gravity by 0.3086 mGal for every meter above sea-level.
Haematite density is:
4.9 - 5.3
(Mg/m^3), let's assume we take the lower bound
4.9 for this case.
But we'll be taking only
4.9 because only
50% of the ore has haematite.
Also we know that
h = 10m.
I'm still not sure how to continue from here to find the required accuracy in elevation to distinguish the maximal gravity anomaly because I've some questions like what's the other 50% percent of the iron mineral? should we take in consideration that it's the shale section and above it we have the sandstone? and should we just sum the free air/water correction with the Bouguer correction to get the required accuracy? Any help is highly appreciated.
My approach would be to calculate the free air/water correction first:
Depth is 10m which means it's
0.3086 * 10 = 3.086mGal
And Bouguer correction is:
δgB = 2πGρh = 2π(6.67e-11)(2.45)(-10) and I took
h=-10m because it's under the surface.
Should I combine it somehow to
gz_max I mentioned above?