# How large is the chance that the Badlands Guardian emerged from natural processes?

The Badlands Guardian is a geomorphological feature; see this website. According to Wikipedia, this figure has been created by natural processes. However, my intuition says that the chance that this happens is small.

Could one make a model of the geological processes in this area, and also make an estimate when an image looks 'good enough' like a human? Then it might be possible to calculate the chance that such a coincidence occurs.

EDIT: the idea of this question is similar to the approach to debunk Ley Lines by considering alignments of random points.

• Humans are very good at recognizing human faces -- even when there are no humans around. We see faces in clouds, faces in rock formations, and even faces on Mars. Mar 10, 2022 at 14:21
• Yeah, I saw the face on Mars. When you view it from the side, it doesn't look like a face at all Mar 10, 2022 at 14:25
• However, the Badlands Guardian seems pretty correct Mar 10, 2022 at 14:26
• Try rotating the image in Google maps - the face disappears! It's just a good example of a Mimetolith, a subset of Pareidolia, and no different to seeing an animal in clouds or the man in the moon. Mar 10, 2022 at 16:50
• This sounds very similar to von Storch and Zwiers' "Mexican hat fallacy", just a different rock formation. You've already implicitly used the rareness (uniqueness?) of the feature to form the hypothesis, testing it statistically just tells you what you already know, it's rare! Mar 10, 2022 at 16:59