One report, COP27: Russian invasion of Ukraine released 8 million tonnes carbon till September, says report claims 8 Mt of carbon dioxide equivalent have been emitted from February 2022 to September 2022.
Of this, 1.4 Mt of GHG emissions has been associated with just the movement of refugees as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
These estimates have considered "troop movements, fuel consumption, and military aircraft and also impact of explosives and ammunition in Ukraine".
At least 6,215 fires spread over a total area of 486,162 hectares were caused by the ammunition and bombs during the seven months of the study period or the first 214 days of the war.
It is claimed that "from February 24 onward, 224,956 explosive devices were fired by Russian troops".
It is also estimated that 48.7 Mt of carbon dioxide equivalent will be made during reconstruction.
The war also caused damage to 497 water management facilities in Ukraine. According to a World Bank assessment, it would cost 7.71 billion Euros for the restoration of irrigation, drainage, and hydro-technical structures over a 10-year period.
What no-one has yet mentioned is the amount of carbon dioxide that will be released in the future as a result of replacement armaments being manufactured to replace the ones used during the conflict.
Additional environmental impacts from the war include:
- Some 30 percent of the country’s protected areas, covering 3 million
acres (1.214 Mha), have been bombed, polluted, burned, or hit by
- Rare steppe and island ecosystems in the south have been pummeled,
threatening endemic grassland plants and insects;
- Rivers across the Donbas conflict zone in the east are being polluted
by wrecked industrial facilities, sewage works, and overflowing coal
- The possibility of an upsurge in uncontrolled logging of ancient
forests in the Carpathian Mountains;
- The listing of 20 rare steppe species that they believe may disappear
due to the war;
- Peat in the Chernobyl exclusion zone is continuing to smolder as a
result of the war;
- Particularly in the Donbas region, "Many industrial plants are
damaged or abandoned; wrecked sewage works gush their contents into
rivers; damaged pipelines are filling wetlands with oil; and toxic
military scrap is spread across the land ... No one has done any research and probably won’t for many years";
- A particular concern is the many coal mines abandoned after 2014.
With pumping of water halted, they have so far released some 650,000
acre-feet (80.1763 million cubic meters) of polluted mine water into
- A few of the flooded mines are radiological hazards. For instance,
Soviet scientists carried out a controlled atomic explosion at the
Yunkom Mine in Donetsk in 1979. The waste remains underground. Since
the pumps were turned off in 2018, the mine has overflowed into
nearby underground water reserves used for drinking;
- Many also fear the long-term toxic legacy of the giant Azovstal
steelworks in Mariupol, which was bombarded for many weeks before
falling to the Russians in May. The works was already a notorious
defiler of local soils, air, and rivers. The Russian bombardment
could have released tens of thousands of tons of hydrogen sulfide
into the Sea of Azov with unknown ecological consequences.