This images are of Mt. Kailash, Himalaya.

Front face of Mount:

enter image description here

Back face of Mount:

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principle_of_original_horizontality $\endgroup$
    – user28185
    Feb 22, 2023 at 22:15
  • $\begingroup$ @Universal_learner Thanks quite helpful. But this mount is the only mouth with this kind of formation in local mountain range. Is it possible? $\endgroup$ Feb 22, 2023 at 22:20
  • $\begingroup$ We have in Spain many mountains that are some metters above the cities that are not folded. Just imagine a slice of butter is cutted and taked some milles away but not derformed $\endgroup$
    – user28185
    Feb 22, 2023 at 22:24
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Universal_learner Thank you so much! Your insight helped me a lot to understand this geology artifact. $\endgroup$ Feb 22, 2023 at 23:20
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Universal_learner Yes, you are right, indeed it is Himalaya. I have included the exact name of moun. $\endgroup$ Feb 23, 2023 at 13:47

2 Answers 2


What you see are bedding surfaces. They formed horizontally in a sedimentary lacustrine environment, the Kailash Formation.

This is a reconstruction of the paleoenvironment:

Enter image description here.


As Gimelist noted, the sedimentary layers formed above a magmatic body.

The question is why they reached an altitude of 8,000 meters and are still horizontal.

It is an extreme example of the principle of original horizontality, which gives the polarity of succession. The materials above are newer than those below because they were deposited horizontally. The tectonic uplift didn't change the original horizontal arrangement.


Just to add on this point from the comments:

But this mount is the only mouth with this kind of formation in local mountain range

First, the image on the mountain's Wikipedia page clearly shows that the surrounding mountains also have the horizontal layers.

The Wikipedia page also states that:

Mount Kailash appears to be a metasedimentary roof pendant supported by a massive granite base.

The source links for that information are broken. In any case, what this means in plain language is that Earth's surface had sedimentary layers, which are very common, and magma intruded underneath it. This is also very common. For example, the Andes and Cascades mountain ranges in Western South and North America are places where this is happening these days. Over time, the mountains (Himalayas) were pushed upwards by the Indian continent collision, and the rocks eroded away such that the mountain shows the top of the granite, overlain by the bottom of the sedimentary rocks like this:

Kailash geology

This (paywalled) article has more information: Kailas: geology of a sacred mountain

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ I like when you add diagrams maden with pencils :). I guess Gangdese Arc basement are metamorphic rocks in the paleoenvironmental diagram I added, schists or so. In your simplification you missed there is a basement fault too. $\endgroup$
    – user28185
    Feb 25, 2023 at 11:27

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