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https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-022-06369-z
from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-022-06369-z enter link description here
from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00382-022-06577-7

These two formulas aim to calculate cloud radiative feedback by adjusted cloud radiative forcings. In formula (1), 'F' represents 'Effective Radiative Forcing (ERF)' , while in formula (2), it denotes 'instantaneous radiative forcing (IRF)'. Which definition is correct? IRF can be directly calculated, but ERF involves adjustments that cannot be obtained directly.

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