# How to define the force at the base of an oceanic crust

In the book of Turcotte and Schubert, Geodynamics I'm trying to solve problem 2.8.

The pressure in the water, in the oceanic crust, and in the mantle beneath the oceanic crust are (from equation 2.19, page 78) is

$$p_w = \rho_w g y , \quad 0 \le y \le h_{w}$$ $$p_{oc} = \rho_w g h_{w} + \rho_{oc} g (y - h_{w}) , \quad h_{w} \le y \le h_{w}+h_{oc}$$

$$p_m = \rho_w g h_w + \rho_{oc} g h_{oc} + \rho_m g (y-h_w-h_{oc}), \quad h_w+h_{oc} \le y \le h_{cc}$$ I should integrate that to find the force at the base of the oceanic crust.

we know that

$$F=∫_0^b pdy=ρg∫_0^by dy=0.5 ρgb^2$$

so

$$F_m=∫_{h_w+h_{oc}}^{h_{cc}} p_mdy$$

then I tried this

$$F_m=∫_{h_w+h_{oc}}^{h_{cc}}\rho_w g h_w + \rho_{oc} g h_{oc} + \rho_m g (y-h_w-h_{oc})dy$$

and it didn't provide the proper result, so i tried to integrate all the pressures:

$$F_w=∫_0^{h_{w}}\rho_w g ydy = 0.5 \rho_w g h_{w}^2$$ $$F_{oc} = ∫_{h_w}^{h_{w}+h_{oc}} \rho_w g h_{w} + \rho_{oc} g (y - h_{w})dy= \rho_w g h_{w}+0.5 \rho_{oc} g (h_{w}+h_{oc})^2 - 0.5 \rho_{oc} g h_{w}^2 - \rho_{oc} g h_{w}$$

I did the same for the last integral and added them all together: $$F_o = F_w+F_{oc}+F_m$$

but I still don't get the same final expression as equation 2.20, page 78.

Can someone give me a hint to solve the integral? are the limits of my integral correct? Am I adding the right forces together?

• I deleted the previous post because I thought I had found the answer, but actually not ! Jul 24, 2015 at 19:32
• I wish I had brought the book with me, and my solutions, as I've definitely done this problem. I will try and get a book from the library of the university I am visiting and answer this tomorrow.
– Neo
Jul 26, 2015 at 10:19
• That would be great ! Jul 28, 2015 at 0:36

Your approach of adding all the forces together is correct. You have a mistake in in the solution of the $F_{oc}$ integral, though. You forgot to integrate the terms $\rho_{w}gh_{w}$ and $-\rho_{oc}gh_{w}$
$F_{oc} = ... = \rho_{w}gh_{w}(h_{w}+h_{oc}) - \rho_{w}gh_{w}h_{w} + 0.5\rho_{oc}g(h_{w}+h_{oc})^{2} - 0.5\rho_{oc}gh_{w}^{2} - \rho_{oc}gh_{w}(h_{w}+h_{oc}) + \rho_{oc}gh_{w}h_{w}$
You have to keep this in mind for $F_{M}$ as well.