The simple answer is that you can't drill to 50 km depth.
The deepest holes ever drilled were to a little more than 12 km, one is named the Kola Superdeep Borehole in Russia, which was a scientific drilling project. The very few others were oil exploration boreholes.
Drilling that deep is extremely expensive and hard. If you go and ask anyone who ever worked on a drill rig, drilling the second 100 metres is always harder than the first 100 metres. And we're talking about kilometres here! There are several problems with drilling that deep. It's extremely hot down there, and the drilling equipment just breaks and stops working. You also need to pump cooling water in and pump out the stuff you're drilling and it gets harder with depth.
This is simply not feasible. Now let's say that you did somehow manage to drill a hole to that depth. How would you put monitoring equipment inside? That equipment has to sustain heat and pressure and still keep working, while being able to transmit whatever it's reading back to the surface. This is not going to happen, not at 50 or 10 km depth.
Another problem is that not all earthquakes are that deep. Some earthquakes originate near the surface, or just several km deep. Having a monitoring station down there isn't going to help. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake (the one that triggered the tsunami at Fukushima) was only 30 km deep. Same thing for the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.