These are not pure satellite images.
On the images shown in the question, one can see bathymetry in the oceans that cannot be seen from a satellite image. Rather, those images use a static image background (the land may be from a satellite mosaic, but not the ocean) along with a calculated cloud mask, then show the satellite image only where there are clouds (probably an infrared image where cold clouds are white). The differences between the two satellite images therefore have less to do with instrument differences than with differences in post-processing.
From NASA WorldView we can see what an actual infrared satellite image at this time looks like (again with cold clouds white, hot surfaces black), in this case from VIIRS on the polar orbiter Suomi NPP at a wavelength of 13.3 µm (I didn't immediately have IODC/Seviri images at hand, I may check mack later for those):
Source: NASA Worldview, imagery from VIIRS