As far as I know tsunamis are caused by landslides at the bottom of the sea. But an asteroid impacting the sea is a different phenomena. Could it still cause a "tsunami" as in an unstoppable mass of water propagating towards the shores? Is there a need of distinction between these two phenomena, or do they add up to the same thing?

  • $\begingroup$ I found this article interesting. livescience.com/49298-asteroids-causing-tsunamis.html From the article "what would actually happen would be that "a big wave gets made by the impact and it's a very turbulent wave, and it breaks immediately, right next to the impact," Melosh told Live Science. "Very little energy is actually radiated away." $\endgroup$
    – userLTK
    Oct 2 '16 at 2:03
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ If asteroid of 1 km fall into pacific ocean, that would cause tsunami. Because that asteroid clash the bottom of ocean and shake earth. However we have never seen that normal meteorite have shaken the earth and caused tsunami. $\endgroup$ Oct 3 '16 at 17:19

An asteroid impact in the ocean is an oversized example of throwing a pebble in a pond - both will produce waves in a concentric pattern from the point of impact.

The height of the waves and the energy they would have would depend on the amount of energy the asteroid transferred to the water at the impact sight.

The energy transferred will depend on the kinetic energy of the asteroid at the moment of impact, this being a function of the mass and velocity of the asteroid; based on the classical equation for kinetic energy: $E_k = 0.5mv^2$.

Hence, an asteroid with a very large mass and high velocity could transfer enough energy that could create tsunamis. The best example of this is the impact that created the Chicxulub crater in the Yucatan peninsular, that lead to the creation of the K-T boundary and the extinction of the dinosaurs.

That impact created a mega tsunami that affected the coastal southern state of the USA, from Texas to Florida.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ I seem to recall reading somewhere that the suspected tsunami ran up the then Mississippi river to Ohio. It's worth mentioning that, not only will the impactor create a tsunami by its impact, similar to a pebble thrown into a pond, a secondary tsunami will be created when the ocean falls into the gaping hole left in it by the bolide. This tsunami will be as high as the hole is deep. $\endgroup$
    – BillDOe
    Oct 1 '16 at 16:59

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.