The strength and orientation of Earth's magnetic field varies with time.

Does this variation of the magnetic field have any influence upon climate? For example, is there any correlation between ice ages and strengthening or weakening or orientation of the field?

  • $\begingroup$ I echo that the magnetic field does modulate the amounts of galactic cosmic rays that may enter our atmosphere which in turn will influence the climate ,especially when in concert with solar dynamics. $\endgroup$
    – user2542
    Commented Feb 5, 2015 at 19:30

4 Answers 4


There is no significant geomagnetic influence on the cycle of glacials and interglacials. I think the easiest way to determine this is to consider geomagnetic reversals. A reversal obviously involves the largest possible change in the direction of the magnetic field (a full 180°). It also involves some of the largest changes in field intensity, because during a reversal the field intensity drops to a small fraction of its usual value before regrowing to ‘normal’ levels (e.g. Raisbeck et al., 1985). So, if we're expecting geomagnetic field behaviour to have any influence on climate, we'd expect the most obvious effects to appear at reversals.

We can look for this effect by comparing a δ18O record (which gives a proxy for global temperature and ice volume) with a record of magnetic reversals. Here's a figure of the LR04 stack from Lisiecki & Raymo (2005), showing those two records for the past ~5 Myr:

Lisiecki & Raymo (2005), fig. 4: The LR04 benthic d18O stack

As you can see, nothing spectacular or even noticeable happens at the reversals (the black/white boundaries along the bottom of the plot). They don't seem to correspond to any particular point in the glacial/interglacial cycle.

Of course, it's likely that geomagnetic field strength has some influence on climate, and that these effects are simply swamped by other influences on the spatial and temporal scales we're looking at here. The first possible effect that came to my mind was the geomagnetic field's influence on the amount of incoming cosmic rays, which in turn has an effect on cloud formation. And sure enough, it turns out that Vieira and da Silva (2006) have found such an effect. But I suspect that once you start looking at >10kyr timescales and global signals, such effects get averaged out.

  • Lisiecki, L. E., & Raymo, M. E. (2005). A Pliocene‐Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records. Paleoceanography, 20(1).

  • Raisbeck, G. M., Yiou, F., Bourles, D., & Kent, D. V. (1985). Evidence for an increase in cosmogenic 10Be during a geomagnetic reversal. Nature, 315(6017), 315-317.

  • Vieira, L. E. A., & da Silva, L. A. (2006). Geomagnetic modulation of clouds effects in the Southern Hemisphere Magnetic Anomaly through lower atmosphere cosmic ray effects. Geophysical research letters, 33(14).


As Pont says, there's little evidence that the magnetic field has no observable evidence on the long term climate of earth, there was a recent study which drew a link between the solar wind strength and the frequency of lightning storms. Given that the amount of incoming charged particles from the solar wind that make it into the atmosphere is dependent on the strength of the magnetic field. This is however short term weather not climate, however it does show that the strength of the magnetic field does have an effect on the atmospheric systems, albeit not in the long run.

Paper here: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/5/055004/article

BBC article: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-27406358


You might want to study the QBO before hand-- but yes-- geomagnetism plays a factor in long term climate.



There is a definite link between a weakening geo magnetic field and the climate if the geo magnetic field is weakening in sync with a weakening solar magnetic field .

Why? Because a weakening geo magnetic will compound given solar effects. When the solar magnetic field weakens one effect is an increase in galactic cosmic rays entering our atmosphere and some reaching the surface of the earth. The weakening geo magnetic fieldd will compound this. This increase in galactic cosmic rays will result in an increase in global cloud coverage and an increase in major explosive volcanic activity and geological activity in general which will result in a cooling climate.

Evidence of this is already taken place with earth quake activity on the rise and global temperatures trending lower post year 2016.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ A reference verifying you answer would help, particularly regarding your statement about cosmic radiation affecting "explosive volcanic activity and geological activity in general". $\endgroup$
    – Fred
    Commented Oct 25, 2018 at 1:57

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