# Is there a way to calculate the ground and 10m temperature from standard 2m temperature measurements?

I am wondering if it is possible at all to calculate the ground temperature and air temperature at 10m above ground from 2m measurements, or at least using data that a standard weather station provides.

I am aware it is an oversimplification, but I cannot seem to find any resources concerning the matter. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Edit 2017/01/11:

Thank you for your comments, so here is the reason why we are interested in this:

We have noticed that there are often large differences in air temperature between 2m and 10m height, often of 4° to 5°C. I wanted to know if anyone else was interested in this, or are there any models out there which can be used to calculate temperatures at different heights, so a comparison between modelled and real values can be made.

Why is this interesting at all?

It would be great to have a way to know if in a certain area the temperature will not go below 0°C if we have measurements of temperature, humidity and wind at 2m. But, I presume in these days of cheap temperatures sensors and Arduinos, one can always stick a sensor anywere...

• What do you want to use the ground temperature for? Do you mean surface (skin) temperature or sub-surface? I'd say it's not going to be possible. One dataset measuring 2m temperature and three different surface temperatures, as well as six sub-soil temperatures, is at met.reading.ac.uk/weatherdata/Reading_AWS_weather_report.html . You could start comparing time series of the four to confirm for yourself that it's not possible.
– gerrit
Jan 5, 2017 at 22:46
• @gerrit the link you provided looks really interesting, especially the charts that link from it. Do you know if there is a resource describing the set up a little more, or research results etc? Jan 5, 2017 at 23:02
• @Puffin You can try met.reading.ac.uk/weatherdata and the links from there. If you live near Reading, UK you can participate in a tour of the observatory.
– gerrit
Jan 5, 2017 at 23:53
• Are we having any information on the nature of the substrate - from a core, or from local observation (even at regional area). Also, what is the climate characterizing the area? I think an answer would be of a better quality knowing these, if you could update your question. Jan 9, 2017 at 14:15
• @Etienne Godin Oh, I was refering to air temperatures at heights above ground: 0m (on the ground), 2m and 10m. Sorry for the misunderstanding! Jan 13, 2017 at 20:36