Questions tagged [air-pollution]

Air pollution is the introduction of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful materials into Earth's atmosphere, causing diseases, allergies, death to humans, damage to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, or the natural or built environment.

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112 views

Quantitative mapping of air pollution Sifakis and Paronis

I am reading this paper about deriving AOT and I have found this ...
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The factors should be considered to determine one specific pollutant originated from regional transportation?

Ideally, one pollutant (e.g. organic carbon, heavy metals, sulfate) should be the mixed result of local emissions and regional transportation. To quantify the contribution of local emissions is of ...
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How is water surrounding an area of pollution, able to 'trap' that pollution, or otherwise deteriorate air quality?

An article seems to assert that air pollution can be held in place (or 'trapped') by high mountains surrounding the area of air pollution. This seems very understandable. But the same article seems ...
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How is it determined whether an air pollutant is “hazardous”?

The US EPA has a list of 187 air pollutants that they consider "hazardous". These toxic pollutants are known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health conditions. How is it determined ...
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Correlation analysis with primary air pollutants and secondary formed ozone

The Ph.D dissertation Assessment of air quality in Northern China by using the COSMO-ART model in conjunction with satellite and ground-based data which was written by Stefanie Schrader in KIT German....
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Origin of Sulphuric Acid in the Atmosphere

I often see claims that volcanic emissions of sulphur dioxide, on Earth and on the planet Venus, creates sulphuric acid when it combines with water vapour. It doesn't. Sulphur dioxide creates ...
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Why is Paris still polluted during the Covid-19 shutdown?

It does not seem that the air pollution level is getting any lower in Paris during the current shutdown due to COVID-19. Why is that? There are fewer cars. Are they only a small part of Paris' air ...
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The effect of the 2019-2020 bushfires/wildfires in Australia

What was the total damage of the 2019-2020 bushfires/wildfires in Australia?
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What is a Micro-Aethalometer; how do portable Black Carbon (BC) Monitors work?

The screenshot below is from MIT's Erik Velasco's presentation Particle exposure and dosage on public transport. My question is about the small, portable Black Carbon (BC) monitor. From my reading, ...
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What is the impact of climate change on tropospheric ozone production and vice versa?

I know ground ozone reduce the photosynthesis rate of vegetation and could lead to increase respiration and hence more CO2 in the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. But what is the opposite? ...
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What creates so much pollution in Africa?

Using AirVisual app I notice there is a huge patch of pollution in Africa. I cannot imagine there is a big economic activity to support that huge pollution across almost the whole continent. What ...
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Atmospheric conditions needed that blocks all bright light during sunsets and allows you to stare directly at the sun

Today (July 5th, 2019 just before 8 pm KST), along the Han River in Seoul, the surface of the sun could be viewed with my naked eye (no protection needed), and this was safe on the eyes. It appeared ...
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What is the appropriate name for air pollutant chemical formula like notation?

Consider air pollutants like carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide for which we use their chemical formulas, $\ce{CO}$ and $\ce{NO2}$ respectively, as a way to compactly refer to them when writing ...
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How to generate inputs for the MUNICH model from the VEIN model

MUNICH is the Model of Urban Network of Intersecting Canyons and Highways (MUNICH) (Kim et al., 2018) and VEIN is the Vehicular Emissions INventory model (Ibarra-Espinosa et al, 2018), an R package. ...
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Is pollution the reason why rainbows are so rare nowadays?

Today I saw a rainbow after almost a decade. I live in Noida (a city) in India. Most people I know believe that: we don't see rainbows nowadays because of pollution and now after nearly 3 months since ...
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The difficulties for the simulation of atmospheric metals

Atmospheric metals usually reside in aerosols with complex source origins. The concentrations distribution of metals especially for those with high toxicity (Pb, Cd, Ni, V) should be informative for ...
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Determining '< x' values as numeric

I do have a large dataset containing nearly a decade of particulate matter measurements. At the lower precision limit of the measuring instrument, there are values given like ...
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vehicular pollution [closed]

Is there any way to convert the vehicular emissions from cars during journey to oxygen or safer gases to eliminate/decrease vehicular pollution? My question is keeping in mind most populated and ...
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231 views

How would pesticide vapor drift behave near a valley?

I am considering buying a house in a valley with pesticide-intensive agriculture on both sides. Schematically, it looks like this: It won't win any design awards, but it should make things clear. ...
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119 views

Origin of Serious Wildfires

At a very rough estimate, what proportion of wildfires are caused by natural events like lightning? I am absolutely sure that in Europe, where there are often wildfires, the sun is never hot enough to ...
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How can I specifiy a substance in AERMOD?

Since I use OTHER as a pollutant ID, are there some parameters I could specify in order to get better results for dispersion of substance I am trying to model? eg. molecular weight or density?
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Does Start / Stop technology in cars have an impact on air quality? [closed]

I have repeatedly heard from various car enthusiasts that start stop technology has no benefit (or the tiniest smallest negligble benefit) to air quality so they turn it off entirely. Does it have an ...
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82 views

What is the Carbon Footprint of not changing car oil?

I am on my second vehicle that I have stopped changing my oil after the car has been broke in or around 90k. The first car I made it 400k miles before the rear end went out. The second car I'm at 130k ...
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Less pollution: moving hurricane debris to other regions for use, or burning?

When a big hurricane hits, it can create debris on the scale of $\mathrm{10^8 yd^3}$. Cities in Florida, Texas, and other affected areas are struggling to hire enough trucks and drivers to pick it up ...
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Independent sources of information on radiation pollution in Europe

Bear with me if this is a wrong place to ask this question. I aksed this question on Physics at StackExchange and was told it will be more on topic here. Recent news show a fire has started close to ...
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Haze in Arizona / Grand Canyon that gets more apparent around noon - smog or something else?

I just came back from the Grand Canyon, and it's awesome. However, my friend and I did notice something - it seems that there's some kind of haze in the far horizon that seems worse as the sun rises ...
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Why is the environmental quality index high in USA, the second most polluting country? [closed]

I saw some indexes about environmental quality in many websites, like in: http://www.numbeo.com/pollution/rankings_by_country.jsp I wonder why the environmental quality index is higher in USA and in ...
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What pollutants can be next to a wood processing plant with formaldehyde factory?

I used to live in an are with a large factory that processes timber then uses the splinters to create OSB and other wood composites. They also have a formaldehyde factory for producing their own ...
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53 views

District/province wise air quality data for South Asia (2010 onward)

I would like to create a district/province-level air quality data for all the countries in South Asia from 2010 onward using satellite data. As someone with absolutely zero background in remote-...
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What is the reason for this high outdoor VOC level with strange pattern of slow rise and sudden falling?

I have an Atmotube Pro air quality sensor placed outside in a cup with a large bowl placed over the top of it to protect it from the wind and any rain but to allow air to filter through easily. I'm ...
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What's the origin of particulate matter (pm10, pm2 5) [closed]

I would like to ask about origin and inventor of particulate matter pm10, pm2.5. Who published and defined this formulas and when. Thanks in advance!
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To what extent does lightning produced NOx end up in the atmopsheric boundary layer?

Lightning produced NO$_{x}$ (emitted as NO but quickly converted to NO$_{2}$) can be one of the major sources of atmospheric NO$_{x}$ in the tropics [1]. Estimates of emissions per flash range from 10 ...
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Dry deposition of the total sulfate deposition in forested region

Sulfate is one important inorganic aerosol in the atmosphere. It's subject to removal by two main mechanisms. Wet deposition which include rain/wash-out and cloud deposition. Dry deposition ...
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Could the phrase 'human made environmental disaster' be applied to illegal and deadly city wide pollution?

The city in which I live has a number of roads that are regularly above the legally allowed yearly average level of nitrogen dioxide permitted (40ug/m3). One road is almost double that limit (77ug/m3)...
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Is there a conventional list of pollutants to consider for calculations? Or an updating one even?

In researching economic damage from various pollutants, I often find that it's very random sources that inform me of various pollutants I need to be mindful of in calculations. Is there any kind of ...

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