Questions tagged [carbonate]

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5 votes
1 answer

Fossil ID: possible fauna fossil, from Perlis, Malaysia

I found this fossil while doing my fieldwork in limestone area. Description below may help to identify it. Location: NW Perlis, Malaysia (Setul Formation). Hilly Area. My Observation: Have a curly ...
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1 vote
0 answers

Where did the other parts of coccoliths go, if not in chalk?

It took a lot of algae shells to make a chalk deposit, and one finds fossils of bigger organisms in them, and the flints/cherts where silicates ?condensed? during lithification. But where did the non-...
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  • 531
2 votes
1 answer

Dolomite in deep-water environment

Is it possible that dolomitization occur in deep-water environment? If it possible, how?
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10 votes
1 answer

Carbonate reef not horizontal in seismic section?

Carbonate reefs usually appear as homogeneous bodies surrounded by sediment layers in seismic reflection data, but in the figure below the high amplitude reflection from the top of sediment (layer 2 ...
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4 votes
2 answers

Volcanoes in the Great Barrier Reef

Was there ever at any point in time a volcano in the great barrier reef? I thought atolls develop from volcanic islands, and the coral grow around them.
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12 votes
1 answer

Average Aragonite:Calcite ratio in biogenic CaCO3 in the oceans

I wonder what the average ratio between aragonite and calcite is during the precipitation of biogenic calcium carbonate in seawater. I know some species are aragonite-favouring and some perfer using ...
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10 votes
1 answer

Formation of flint & chert in limestones/chalk

Chert and flint are commonly found in chalky deposits (and have obvious importance in human history as tools). What are the processes of diagenesis of these silica-rich nodules in otherwise silica-...
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