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Questions tagged [climate-change]

Questions about changes of the climate system, including questions about global warming.

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How can half a degree of average temperature result in such devastating impact on coral reefs?

Yesterday I read a number of news stories about the new IPCC's (International Panel on Climate Change) report regarding the current state of global warming. It reported that we are on track for ...
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Will a country that cares for its environment be affected by climate change due to other countries' activities?

Let's say my country is very environment conscious, has lots of trees and animals, protects the forest, uses clean/green energy, and has all kinds of environment friendly policies you can imagine. ...
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41 views

Over which surface will the albedo changes due to clear and overcast skies have the greatest impact?

With respect to climate change, will the changes in albedos due to clear skies and overcast skies have the greatest impact on incoming solar radiation over ocean, sea ice, or land? My thoughts: On a ...
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Clarification: Effective temperature, emission temperature, and effective emission temperature

This terminology is quite confusing to me. Are effective temperature, emission temperature, and effective emission temperature the same thing? Where does this occur, at the surface, or at some ...
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53 views

Optical Thickness of the Atmosphere

Homework question: Show that the absorption optical thickness of the atmosphere at pressure $p$ (i.e., between $p$ and the top of the atmosphere) as a function of the mixing ratio of the ...
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1answer
28 views

Do man-made machines take the Natural Nitrogen out of the atmosphere and in turn cause global warming?

I read in Wikipedia that, "Natural Nitrogen, Dinitrogen forms about 78% of Earth's atmosphere. Dinitrogen is the most abundant uncombined element in the atmosphere." The question is "Do man-made ...
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How is the vertical distribution of water vapor changing?

In this publication about data assimilation and observations (paywall alert) in the chapter General Concepts in Meteorology and Dynamics (by Andrew Charlton-Perez, William Lahoz, Richard Swinbank, ...
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34 views

How Warm would the Earth have to get for any crops to grow in the Antarctic Peninsula/South Orkneys

I found some little silly speculation about settling Antarctica when it warms up, and I wanted to know the minimum amount the world would have to warm up in order for just the most equator-ward ...
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Does Earth risk losing its oceans to space due to global warming?

I read that we are facing the very real possibility of Earth's average temperature rising by more that 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. As I understand our planet is constantly loosing ...
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1answer
68 views

Could glacial melt alter plate tectonic movement?

Let's say some event caused runaway glacial melt, and removed half of the ice currently locked away in specific areas of the planet. Would the significant weight changes on various plates and fault ...
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1answer
79 views

Geological evidence about climate change: has there ever been a period with a rate of climate change as great as it is today?

Most statistics about climate change are based on climate data over the last 150 year (as long as records have been kept). This seems irrelevant in terms of the geological time scale of temperature ...
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How would Earth map look like if all ice melts?

Is there somewhere a map which indicates which areas and cities become sea?
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34 views

Human activities in Prehistory, and Global Cooling

If we assume that nowadays the humans are responsible of the global warming by the emission of too much CO$_2$ in the atmosphere, why we should not assume that the Ice Ages occurred because the ...
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1answer
41 views

Equations for Global Temperature Models

I'm a volunteer for 350, a grassroots organization that is fighting against climate change through education and advocacy. We're all volunteers, not climate scientists, and I'm looking for some ...
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1answer
50 views

What was the percentage of land mass in prehistoric times when temperatures were high enough that we had no ice caps?

I grew curious after watching a presentation about the large creatures of prehistoric times. One of the theories cited about why creatures were so big was the increased oxygen in the atmosphere due to ...
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How do 'greenhouse gases' let heat in, but not let it out?

That honestly doesn't make any sense to me. How could heat pass through a gas one way but not the other? Its not like our upper atmostphere has a bunch of doors that can only open one way. To me, that ...
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68 views

Was climate change inevitable anyway, or is there more to it?

Climate change is now one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, but it seems that we have been here before; if we look at the world's climate over a much longer period than 150 years. During ...
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52 views

Intuition on overall effects from climate change under different levels of warming

I am not a climate scientist, but I have been reading climate literature lately for my own education. Much of it discusses various effects that could be expected with different levels of warming, ...
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Relationship between Earth's heat dispersion rate (average surface air temperature from summer to winter time) and greenhouse gases

What is the most effective way to study global warming and the role of greenhouse gases using a methodology based on analyzing the Earth's seasonal variations (summer-winter) of the temperature of ...
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40 views

In terms of the greenhouse effect, what is the Earth's heat capacity?

(Question moved from physics to earth science) Has the earth’s atmosphere reached an equilibrium at which the input radiation energy roughly equals its output, or is the output significantly lower ...
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1answer
118 views

To what year do we need to return to prevent climate change?

I regularly see articles like this where a country has or has committed to reduce their carbon emissions by a certain percentage in relation to a certain year. That article mentions that Scotland has ...
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1answer
62 views

Does “Arctic Greening” mean an increase in the spatial extent of vegetation, an increase in particular types of vegetation, or both?

I am trying to study the impact of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) on the atmospheric chemistry of the Arctic Region which has been said to be "greening", by taking HCHO as a proxy.
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2answers
64 views

If plants convert a greenhouse gas into a non-greenhouse gas, do they cool?

Plants turn Carbon Dioxide into Oxygen, that is not a greenhouse gas. But Carbon Dioxide is. Therefore, wouldn't plants cool the area?
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561 views

Every 202,500 years, Earth wanders in a new direction; does it affect climate?

I refer to this article on nytimes.com: Every 202,500 Years, Earth Wanders in a New Direction TLDR: Scientists believe the earth's orbit oscillates between circular and more elliptical due to the ...
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1answer
56 views

Does global warming affect tsunamis?

I have been doing some research into global warming, and I was curious as to whether or not increasing the temperature of the oceans would affect tsunamis to any significant degree. My gut tells me ...
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Quantifying long term melt record on glacier surface

I intend to create a long term melt record on a glacier surface. What are parameters required to efficiently calculate the same using satellite, weather station observations & reanalysis datasets (...
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40 views

Global climate change

We all know that global climate change is becoming a big real change that is affecting the world's ecosystems and life cycles. Will global climate change affect the hot areas of the world or deserts ...
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24 views

Where I find the info about what plants, trees can be planted in a locality

I would like to know what plants, trees can be planted in a locality. I wanted this info around the globe based on latitude and longitude or by some other means. Is there a source organisation/source ...
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Trying to calculate the percentage of carbon emissions that is offset by 45,000 acres?

In my problem there is an average net ecosystem production rate of: 0.25kgC/m2/yr Am asked: a. What percentage of 140,000.000tons/yr would be offset from reforesting 45,000 acres? ...
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2answers
78 views

What does 5,000,000 tonnes of CO2 look like?

Reading a news article Probe after Gorgon releases millions of tonnes of greenhouse gas, I am confused. CO2 is a gas, right? Gases are not very dense, right? So what does 5MT of the stuff look like?...
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28 views

Calculating exoatmosphereic flux and figuring out amount of SW Earth will absorb at an albedo of 0.3?

Am working through two problems which I am not sure if I am handling correctly. Here they are: a. If the Earth decreases its distance from the sun by 0.03 Astronomical Units (AU), what will be ...
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1answer
67 views

Global warming versus nuclear half-lives [closed]

What is (roughly) the half-life of the materials used/generated in a nuclear plant, if that plant goes into meltdown? Could the world bounce back from global warming in a shorter time period than that ...
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2answers
109 views

Winter in the Northern Hemisphere in July? Can anyone explain it?

The July 2007 issue of the National Geographic Magazine dedicates several pages to "Climate Change" and "Global Warming". The author explains in detail the Earth's movements and how they provoke ...
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How sustainable is timber housing? [closed]

Recently I watch a video on which they made a pretty impressively large building complex for housing out of timber. And they were saying that timber is sustainable compared to concrete and such. From ...
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Gulf stream weakening affects on both ends of the system - Europe and Carribean

There have been reports about the Gulf Stream weakening. Everything I have read about this concentrates on the (possibly substantial) cooling this would cause in Europe. If this weakening occurs, ...
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33 views

How does one analyze this graph on atmospheric C02 data obtained from the Mauna Loa observatory?

Graph I am analyzing: What I am trying to figure out from the graph is: What is the range for CO2 over the record (approximation) What are the major forcings for the overall trend in this record ...
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How to analyze this data showing atomospheric CO2, CH4 and tempertures obtain from an ice sample?

Here is the chart: My questions are: Is the atmosphere in equilibrium over this record? how would I determine what the maximum and minimum values for each record is (approximation). Is there a ...
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Will the recent findings regarding nitrogen rock weathering alter climate change projections?

I've seen a few articles lately about research published in the Journal Science that concludes that 26% of the nitrogen in the ecosystem is from rock weathering. These results seem to fill in a ...
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“Five of the Solomon Islands disappeared” due to sea level rise, how is this possible so quickly?

The text of the introduction to the BBC Podcast Sea Levels Rise; The Compass, Living on the Edge Episode 1 of 4 says: Five of the Solomon Islands have disappeared, many more are becoming ...
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1answer
90 views

Carbon's role in ocean acidification

This might seem like a basic question, but I'm a little confused about the effects on ocean acidification of different carbon compounds. I have heard that increased levels of carbon dioxide in the ...
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1answer
119 views

Is altitude of everything decreasing due to sea level rise?

We know that sea level is rising, though some people say climate change is fake. Altitude is defined as the height of something measured from sea level. Since sea level is increasing, and the ...
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1answer
36 views

Why the $\delta \, ^{18}\text{O}$ in foraminifera shells decrease with temperature even if the oceanic $\delta \, ^{18}\text{O}$ stay constant?

I understand why foram shells contain more $^{18}\text{O}$ when there are ice sheets present, since $^{16}\text{O}$ evaporates more readily and gets trapped in the ice, increasing the relative ...
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1answer
93 views

Understanding a diagram of Earth's radiation balance

Trying to understand this image. Can someone tell me if I have the right reasoning here: Sun has 100% SW shooting to earth 30% of that 100% is reflected by clouds 70% remains Of that 70%, 45% of that ...
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57 views

What is the general procedure to run WRF-chem with chen_opt=16

Is there anybody who has run WRF-chem with chem_opt=16 successfully to simulate the green house gases? According to the User guide, it can be done in this way. But ...
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181 views

Are we now and/or have we been in the RCP8.5 scenario?

Is it generally understood that we (globally) have been living in an RCP8.5 scenario over the past 7-8 years? Such that a predictive climate model using RCP8.5 assumptions that was run circa 2011 can ...
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1answer
79 views

Are these the net radiation at surface, and the complete energy balance at surface?

Could not find these in my book but I found something I think might them online (is this correct): Net radiation balance: R_NET = SW↓ - SW↑ + LW↓ - LW↑ Complete energy balance: R_NET - G = H + LE ...
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60 views

How to relate RCM/GCM RCP climate projections to observational data for use in a hydrologic model

As a (smaller) part of my research, I want to look at climate projection data and how that might influence the hydrology within a study catchment in Rajasthan, India. For "the present day" climate, I ...
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39 views

What is radiative forcing and climate feedback?

I understand what a positive and negative feedback loops are but not radiative forcing and climate feedback. With that in mind does increases in C02 lead to a positive water vapor feedback that ...
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53 views

Correlation between temperature and precipitable water in the tropical climate

Air temperature is known to correlate well with precipitable water at higher latitudes. What are the likely factors that degrade the correlation in the tropical monsoon climate?
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1answer
54 views

How much warming there was over time for a specific month?

I'm calculating warming trends in specific places and periods of time, that are related to the time a migratory bird spends in a stopover. But using different methods I got different results and I'm ...