Questions tagged [climate-change]

Questions about changes of the climate system, including questions about global warming.

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1answer
125 views

How will the rising ocean affect aquatic life?

On one hand it creates more habitat for oceanic life, on the other hand, it warms up the oceans and mixes the salt and fresh waters.
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Is the impact of carbon emision dependent on the location on the earth?

While I was reading how the EU taxes aviation companies based on carbon emissions it occurred to me that the effect of carbon emissions on global temperature etc. may depend on where the carbon is ...
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North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) future prediction - Academic papers?

I am looking for academic papers which show future predictions of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) by considering climate change and the various emission scenarios. Do you have any suggestions?
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686 views

Are we now and/or have we been in the RCP8.5 scenario?

Is it generally understood that we (globally) have been living in an RCP8.5 scenario over the past 7-8 years? Such that a predictive climate model using RCP8.5 assumptions that was run circa 2011 can ...
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Carbon dioxide on Mars, Venus and Earth

Earth's atmosphere is 0.038% carbon dioxide. Mars's atmosphere is 95.3% carbon dioxide. Venus's atmosphere is 96.5% carbon dioxide. If Earth's climate is controlled by CO2, then why is Mars so cold ...
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What amount of permafrost carbon release could be expected with the IPCC worse-prediction of a 4.8C temperature rise?

As answered in my earlier question How much methane clathrates are buried in continental deposits?, there is alot of methane trapped in the form of clathrates in continental deposits. Additionally, ...
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205 views

Does the amount of energy released from burning of fossil fuels have a measurable impact on global warming? [duplicate]

I understand that the main issue of global warming is greenhouse gases that trap solar energy instead of allowing it to bounce back into space. That being said, I've always had this impression or idea ...
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269 views

Could the current climate change events cause long-term problems in the viability of Earth to sustain life?

There are a lot of reports on the consequences of climate change for the relative short term. From what I understand, in the next 100 years or so, we will face: global floods of coastal areas, ...
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111 views

How can half a degree of average temperature result in such devastating impact on coral reefs?

Yesterday I read a number of news stories about the new IPCC's (International Panel on Climate Change) report regarding the current state of global warming. It reported that we are on track for ...
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668 views

Will global warming lead to agriculture in the Arctic?

From what I understand, global warming will make growing food a lot harder in areas like the American Midwest because temperatures will become too high for most crops. At the same time, Arctic (and ...
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“New” cloud types: Can they be used as markers for climate change observations?

This question was originally posted on Physics SE, (now deleted) but I think this community is a better fit. This article "New" type of Clouds, reports that a revision to the International Cloud ...
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132 views

Dataset for expected sea level rise in case of massive meltdowns (Greenland/Antarctica)

Around the time climate change became a 'public issue' (let's say shortly after An inconvenient truth came out), figures started getting published about the expected (global) sea level rise in case of ...
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How exactly is the “global average temperature” calculated and how reasonable is this method?

During the recent (2015) Paris climate negotiations there was a lot of talk in the media about "limiting the global temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius". I keep wondering about what this value ...
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114 views

With so many positive feedbacks accelerating global warming, how did the earth ever re-enter ice ages after it came out of one?

We hear a lot about positive feedbacks when it comes to global warming. For example: ice reflects solar radiation, so as the ice melts more solar radiation is absorbed which accelerates warming; ...
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Tipping point theory, historical examples

This article gives a wonderful overview of tipping point theory, where a large system can be brought into a different state by a small perturbation. Searching online I have found mostly articles on ...
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1k views

What does global weirding mean regarding temperature extremes?

Global weirding is a term used to describe how, with global warming, we will see more extreme weather events: Avoid the term “global warming.” I prefer the term “global weirding,” because that is ...
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Does climate change cause increase in co2?

My main question is how do we know that increase in global temperature does not CAUSE an increase in co2 concentration? I am trying to develop my mental model of what's going on for the climate ...
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824 views

What is the consensus among geologists about climate change being caused by humans?

I'm terribly frustrated with the way that climate change has been debated in Europe. I live in the Netherlands and members of one of the biggest parties here, the Party for Freedom (PVV), frequently ...
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88 views

Will a country that cares for its environment be affected by climate change due to other countries' activities?

Let's say my country is very environment conscious, has lots of trees and animals, protects the forest, uses clean/green energy, and has all kinds of environment friendly policies you can imagine. ...
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250 views

Are Southern Hemisphere 'Polar Blasts' caused by global warming?

The SMH journalist writes about a cold snap hitting the East Coast of Australia in July 2015: Proof of the big chill will be the extent of regions across Tasmania, Victoria and NSW experiencing ...
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107 views

Is climate change homogenous globally

When searching for continental trends in climate I could not find clear sources broken down to regions or continents. My question is: is it proper to talk of global warming as a homogenous trend or ...
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1k views

Could Global Climate Change increase the average moisture in the air?

Given several hundred years, assuming global climate change results in the melting of the polar ice caps which leads to an increase in surface area of the oceans and an overall warming of the earth (...
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How much could Earth's temperature increase by the time we run out of oil reserves?

According to this article How long will world's oil reserves last?: At the current rate of extraction oil reserves will last 53 years. And according to this another article, Global temperature - ...
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Could a “sunbrella” parked at L1 block enough solar energy to counter global warming?

What part of the Earth should be "shaded"; the poles or the equator? Since the size of the sunbrella would depend on its ability to reduce certain wavelengths of radiation; what material or ...
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Is the Arctic ice dissapearing faster than IPCC models say?

Are observations of Arctic sea ice in accord with what the IPCC forecasts says they should be? And as such is the ice reducing in an exponential or linear way? For instance, from https://www....
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454 views

Any historical examples of destructive climate warming?

Summation: Local cooling climate changes, since the last ice age seem relatively common and all seem to cause significant harm to human population. But I can't find instances of the reverse, warming ...
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104 views

How will climate change affect planetary waves?

You can see planetary/rossby waves in the meanders of the jet stream. In short: If an air parcel moves from warm subtropics towards the pole, it will deviate toward the east due to conservation of ...
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Why is Arizona the fastest-warming state in the U.S. (since 1970)?

The states that have warmed the most — whether you look at the past 100 years or just the past 40 — include northern-tier states from Minnesota to Maine and the Southwest, particularly Arizona and ...
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Does Earth risk losing its oceans to space due to global warming?

I read that we are facing the very real possibility of Earth's average temperature rising by more that 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. As I understand our planet is constantly loosing ...
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How were the sea levels around western Europe during the Medieval Warm Period?

The Medieval Warm Period (MWP) or Medieval Climatic Anomaly was a time from about 950 to 1250 when climate was warmer than in the timespans immediately before and after. My question is if this ...
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403 views

How will global warming affect climate systems like the ENSO or the MJO?

How will global warming influence climate systems such as the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) or the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)?
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Methane leaks from biogas

Lately, I have been thinking about biogas and the impact leaks might have on climate. Biogas is mostly methane, and we know that methane has a much higher global warming potential than $\sf{CO_2}$. ...
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If there's more water in the atmosphere due to global warming, how are there fewer mountain glaciers?

As I understand it, moisture condenses at mountain tops to form the mountain glaciers that provide water. The mountain topography doesn't change much in the span of a few decades, so if there's more ...
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686 views

How does CO2 contribute to global warming?

CO2 is a common agent in fire extinguishers, which suppresses fire. How does this same chemical contribute to global warming when it also puts out fires?
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Above average global temperature in March 2016

The question arose when I heard from friends across many countries that March has never been so hot. I myself felt the same in my city (Bangalore, India). Then I tried searching on internet, and I ...
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746 views

Why is runaway global warming a possibility despite all current fossil fuel deposits once having been in the atmosphere?

Disclaimer: this question is not about climate change or global warming in general, and does not try to dismiss general human-caused global warming. The concept of runaway global warming depicts a ...
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372 views

Have there ever been any islands that disappeared due to rising sea level?

With global warming comes rising sea levels. This has been going on for at least fifty years. So haven't there been some islands that have been swallowed by now? An island could be nothing more than ...
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366 views

Are plastics a carbon sink and how much carbon is released to the atmosphere making them?

If we were to make some technical jump to renewable fuel and renewable energy, would making plastics from oil release green house gasses, how much, and would plastic function as a carbon sink? Sorry ...
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270 views

Coral growth keeping up with sea level rise?

On 11 sep 2016, the Australian Herald Sun placed an opinion piece by Andrew Bolt titled Drowning in cash: Pacific islands love this scare* about the $300 million** financial aid pledged by the ...
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Would more or less land be usable if global temperatures rose?

I think a large portion of the earth's land is unusable from being too cold and land that is too hot does not have enough water and dries out which could be fixed by diverging water to those areas. ...
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67 views

Impacts of high-altitude emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) compared to sea level GHG emissions

I often hear that the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by planes is particularly concerning because the emission of GHGs at high altitudes has an even higher impact on global warming than the ...
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What is the relevance of Arctic coastal erosion to the Earth's climate?

Due to global warming and Arctic amplification, Northern Hemispheric permafrost is thawing and becoming a source of carbon and many greenhouse gases, which then positively feedback to global warming ...
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Why is ozone a greenhouse gas if it absorb UV radiation?

Ozone is considered a greenhouse gas, even though it absorbs shortwave (UV) radiation from the Sun, which does not fit with the definition for greenhouse gases, where they are supposed to: "absorbs ...
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610 views

Why do winter temperatures account for most of the increase in global temperature?

If you examine the detailed temperature records that form the basis for our understanding of global warming, there are some strange anomalies (at least from a naive point of view where warming affects ...
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When sea level rises, does the increased ocean area cause the earth to cool down somewhat?

When the sea level rises, more of the planet's area is watery and less of it is land. Does this change in surface condition result in a change in global warming, such as a decrease in the net ...
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How to calculate the temperature of Earth's surface

From a dissertation, I read about the greenhouse gas's effect which make the surface warmer. It says, I quote: The greenhouse effect results in an average surface temperature of approx. $14^\...
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What is the significance of the “super historic” rainfall for July 2015 in southern California?

On July 19, 2015 there was record rainfall over the Los Angeles and San Diego areas. This is amidst a historic drought and the rain is needed. This article: http://www.weather.com/storms/hurricane/...
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322 views

Is global warming a linear process?

Is global warming linear in the sense that doubling the emission of Greenhouse gases will result in a doubling of global warming. Is there a threshold, i.e. is there are certain concentration of GHG ...
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Axial Obliquity and Climate Change

The Wikipedia page for Earth's Axial tilt says: Earth's obliquity oscillates between 22.1 and 24.5 degrees on a 41,000-year cycle. It is currently 23.44 degrees and decreasing. My Questions are: ...
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Does the regional localisation of global temperature trends suggest contamination by urban development?

Much of the raw data behind the various datasets reporting the average temperature of the world are now available. So it is possible to look for strange patterns in the daily or monthly temperature ...