Questions tagged [climate-change]

Questions about changes of the climate system, including questions about global warming.

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1answer
347 views

How to better understand the RIP-nomenclature used in the CMIP5 project?

I am a statistician working on a climatological downscaling project in the Caribbean Sea. I am just starting to learn about the CMIP5 GCM data project. I plan to download CMIP5 data from 6 climate ...
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51 views

The climate effect of the Russian industrial collapse in the early 90's

In 1982 ExxonMobil made this diagram with a slightly excess of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming. Can this error be explained by the Russian industrial collapse in the ...
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7answers
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CO₂ level is high enough that it reduces cognitive ability. Isn't that a reason to worry?

I think the level of carbon dioxide in the air is high enough to reduce the intelligence of humans. This has nothing to do with climate change. Except that both mean we should reduce CO₂. I never ...
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36 views

What are the ranges of CO2 levels for inner cities and should CO2 be added to the air quality index?

I have a indoor $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ monitor and putting it on my balcony it indicates values of 1400-2200 ppm for different days ? Is this even possible and what are the ranges of $\small\mathsf{...
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3answers
230 views

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years?

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years? It looks like simply extrapolating the current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 would ...
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2answers
216 views

What could possibly be a rational basis for rejecting climate science? [closed]

Here is my logic (thus not opinion) if the anthropogenic global heating AGH deniers actually do not have any rational climate science basis for rejecting anthropogenic global heating then everyone ...
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1answer
68 views

How do we apply CO2 sensitivity (3C ± 1.5C for every doubling) to current CO2 levels

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_sensitivity#Estimating_climate_sensitivity This indicates that current $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ levels have a temperature equilibrium of 2.2 $\small\mathsf{^oC}$ ...
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2answers
300 views

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans?

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans? It seem virtually certain that the huge 100 ppm spike in $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ since 1950 ...
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0answers
41 views

How large were CFC emissions per year before the Montreal Protocol came into practice?

This article The China CFC dilemma states CFC emissions now might be 67,000 tonnes per year. I tried to look for how large were the emissions of it before the Montreal Protocol but I couldnt find it. ...
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2answers
115 views

How do we allocate partial CO2 doublings for Empirical Climate Sensitivity?

How do we allocate partial CO2 doublings for Empirical Climate Sensitivity? I applied partial doublings on a linear basis, is this correct? Climate Threat to the Planet:Implications for Energy Policy ...
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60 views

Vehicles Emissions [closed]

What is the suitable handheld device to measure the $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$, $\small\mathsf{CH_4}$ and $\small\mathsf{N_2O}$ emissions from the tailpipe of cars? and what the steps to convert the ...
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269 views

Could burning all fossil fuels (available on earth) render the atmosphere unbreathable?

What if humanity burns all fossil fuels it can find? Putting the negative effects of climate change aside, would the enormous amount of $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ in the atmosphere eventually make it ...
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25 views

Can any natural process explain this rate of CO2 increase? [duplicate]

Can any natural process explain this rate of CO2 increase? [![1000 years of CO2][1]][1] [1]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/MO0mK.png The prior similar question used different data as its basis. This ...
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0answers
106 views

How does extra carbon dioxide in the atmosphere contribute to radiative forcing?

The CO2 absorption spectrum taken at 200 mmHg partial pressure, beam path length = 10 cm, resolution = 4 cm^-1 shows that light can only travel a couple hundred meters before being completely absorbed ...
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2answers
212 views

Does clearing snow contribute to climate change?

I've been reflecting on climate change and pondering how much of it is truly man-made. Anyone who's shoveled a walkway know that the snow melts faster beside the walkway than it does in the middle of ...
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5answers
186 views

Why is smoke considered a factor of global cooling when analyzing nuclear winter scenarios, but arent when analyzing global warming scenarios?

In many articles on the internet (I'll cite a couple for the sake of the question), smoke from the fires (composed mainly of $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ and CO) following a nuclear war would cool the ...
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70 views

Does anyone have any data indicating a faster rate of CO2 increase?

Pieter Tans 2019-10-07(lead scientist of NOAA's Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network): Based on the best historical data that we have available CO2 is probably increasing at a rate at of least ...
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1answer
154 views

Is there any natural phenomenon that can account for the 100 fold faster CO2 rate increase?

"Based on the best historical data that we have available CO2 is probably increasing at a rate at of least 100 times faster than at any time in the last 800,000 years." Pieter Tans lead scientist of ...
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2answers
233 views

With so many positive feedbacks accelerating global warming, how did the earth ever re-enter ice ages after it came out of one?

We hear a lot about positive feedbacks when it comes to global warming. For example: ice reflects solar radiation, so as the ice melts more solar radiation is absorbed which accelerates warming; ...
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2answers
205 views

How is climate change today different than the climate change that ended the ice age(s)?

Someone I know posted a question about climate change that I do not know how to answer. While I do believe (for lack of better word) in climate change, I do not know how to answer this persons ...
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1answer
51 views

Will carbon tax be applicable to other emissions? [closed]

Will Carbon tax be applied to other emissions or only carbon emissions like Carbon dioxide & Carbon monoxide ? Can non-warming pollutant emissions like Chaff(Chemtrail) also be taxed under the ...
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0answers
26 views

Are there models of mortality due to sea level increases (via climate change)?

In a self-answer of mine on Skeptics, one of the comments rightly pointed out that the model in question (from Impact Lab) does not explicitly account for mortality due to sea level changes. Are there ...
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2answers
240 views

On what basics, can scientists predict the effects of climate change?

I don't know much about the topic of climate change to be honest. However, I've been attending a number of talks recently on the topic. As someone who studies mathematical models and uncertainty ...
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2answers
414 views

What is the most cost-effective solution to climate change based on scientific evidence? [closed]

Please don't answer without citing scientific research which has a general consensus or article from a reputable source based on verifiable research citations. I recently read this article about a ...
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2answers
170 views

Why rely on climate models as opposed to paleoclimate data?

Something I hear often from climate scientists, and indeed even politicians, is that we "don't understand climate change very well". And, I'm sure this is true since the climate is a complex adaptive ...
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5answers
499 views

If planting trees is ineffective to tackle climate change, why do people plant them?

I've read answers that outline how if we afforested large (continental-scale) masses of land, it would do little in the way of tackling climate change. While it would sequester $\small\mathsf{CO_2}$ ...
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1answer
528 views

Could someone please validate the Holmes equation [closed]

Dr. Robert Holmes has converted the ideal gas law to T = P M / (ρ R) in this paper: (Molar Mass Version of the Ideal Gas Law Points to a Very Low Climate Sensitivity) with T = temperature P = near-...
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2answers
100 views

Is it normal for a cyclonic storm to form at the latitude of New York, USA?

I am following climate activist Greta Thunberg's sail to N America from Europe on https://tracker.borisherrmannracing.com/. The model shows a cyclonic storm forming south of Nova Scotia, east of New ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the total mass of organic carbon on Earth?

What is the estimated total mass of organic carbon plus elemental carbon (defined here as all carbon in any chemical form, minus carbon dioxide, inorganic carbonates, and other fully oxidized carbon ...
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0answers
158 views

Cooling effect from the oceans in global warming

The ocean soaks up about 90 percent of the heat of climate change, because of ocean heating. When using the formula of Svante Arrhenius to calculate forcing due to atmospheric $CO_2$ $\Delta F=\alpha\...
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2answers
104 views

Climate change research and policy [closed]

How impactful is climate change scientific research on climate change policy? Are there any statistics which help to visualise the effectiveness of new scientific findings or new technology innovation ...
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3answers
201 views

Has the present rise of CO2 ppm been proved to be caused by human activity?

The level of CO2 in the atmosphere has risen roughly from 300 to 400ppm over the last 60 years. What are the reliable calculations showing that such a rise has been caused by human activity? I am ...
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1answer
107 views

Can aerostats be used for fine-grained control of the weather

Most of the discussed geoengineering ideas aim to change the average temperature of the earth instead of trying to control local weather. Aerostats can be used to change the local temperature in ...
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3answers
355 views

Impacts of high-altitude emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) compared to sea level GHG emissions

I often hear that the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by planes is particularly concerning because the emission of GHGs at high altitudes has an even higher impact on global warming than the ...
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2answers
77 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the release of methane clathrates in permafrost regions will impact climate change?

We can see that there are large buildups of methane clathrates in permafrost regions. Climate scientist James Hansen has predicted that the release of the permafrost methane clathrates could cause ...
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1answer
148 views

If today's Earth becomes warmer, how will it compare to the Earth of the Cretaceous period?

Most pessimistic scenarios about climate change predicts a global rise of temperature of several Celsius degrees over the course of the 21st century if no action is taken. While such a shift in ...
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1answer
216 views

Could we sequester CO$_2$ by dumping forests in deep oceans?

We know that trees are the most efficient "tool" we have to get CO$_2$ out of the air, but the problem is that most of their fixated CO$_2$ will naturally reenter the carbon cycle through ...
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1answer
121 views

Origin of Serious Wildfires

At a very rough estimate, what proportion of wildfires are caused by natural events like lightning? I am absolutely sure that in Europe, where there are often wildfires, the sun is never hot enough to ...
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1answer
102 views

Does depletion of Planck radiation intensity in the upper atmosphere mean that "CO2 has no impact on climate change"?

In his recent book, Rex J. Fleming asserts that "CO2 has no impact on climate change", or, as he summarizes on his website: There are now over a dozen books available on Amazon.com that point out ...
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1answer
109 views

Why did "Glaciologist Princess Elsa" have to leave the glacier because it was too warm?

This tweet shows "Glaciologist Princess Elsa" is actually Caltech geophysics PhD student and cryoseismologist Celeste Labedz. The BBC News article What's a 'Science Princess' doing in an ice field in ...
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4answers
195 views

Isn't a warmer climate better for energy generation?

Nowadays, everyone talks about it: climate change, and more importantly, how to stop it from happening. Although there's a lot of debate around the topic, the conscensus is that by inventing a way of ...
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0answers
68 views

is it better to take minimum measure of all measures or the mean of minimum measures as a minimum measure

We have taken the measurments of temperature, humidity, net radiation and pressure in our lab so we can calculate the potential reference EvapoTranspiration. So to find out the potential reference ET ...
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3answers
181 views

Why is carbon dioxide a more important greenhouse gas than nitrous oxide?

I admit that this is not a genuinely earth sience question, but since there is no stack exchange site genuinely devoted to general ecology, I dare to ask it here: From a table in the German Wikipedia ...
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1answer
91 views

What portion of global warming is caused by radioactive CO2 produced from cosmic rays?

The Earth's magentic field has been weaking recently, and the sun's magnetic field has been weaking recently, and it is a known fact that when either of these magnetic fields weaken (let alone both of ...
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2answers
231 views

How does agriculture release so much greenhouse gas?

I recently came over some numbers of GHGs released per energy in food produced, and the result is pretty flooring. I can see how animal-based food production is quite inefficient so let's ignore that ...
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256 views

Are sand deserts the greatest natural convection heaters on Earth?

Ask any climate scientist the question: "Why are deserts so hot in the day time and so cold at night" and generally you will get the same answer, it’s all about the lack of moisture and latent heat ...
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1answer
414 views

The Medieval Climatic Anomaly

Trying to understand this question, posted to me by a lecturer at University: "The Medieval Climatic Anomaly was distinctive in terms of the prevailing climates and forcing mechanisms operating ...
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1answer
131 views

How are CO2 emission effects and high altitude effects of air travel compared to each other?

The climate impact of air travel is often divided into CO2 emissions and "high altitude effects" like that of water vapour and cloud formation. The effect of the emitted CO2 is cummulative, as CO2 has ...
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1answer
78 views

Quickly breeding oysters to combat oceanic pollution?

I've been doing some wikipedia binging and it's come to my realization that it may be in the Earth's best interest to raise the world oyster population as quickly as possible. The basis for this is ...
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2answers
164 views

The seriousness of global warming/ climate change? [closed]

Why is such an emphasis placed on sea level rise?? As this can be devastating in itself, it can be looked at as a great economic opportunity to put people to work preparing our coastal areas for the ...

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