Questions tagged [data-analysis]

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34 views

Which atmospheric parameters will give accurate result of electricity consumption of an area by using multiple regression model?

I have a dataset that gives values of temperature, Relative humidity Geopotential Ozone mass mixing ratio Potential vorticity Fraction of cloud cover Specific cloud ice water content Specific cloud ...
2 votes
0 answers
18 views

How well can they localize the sources of these marsquakes using only a single seismometer? Does being in the shadow zone of the core help or hinder?

Phys.org's April 23, 2022 Two largest marsquakes to date recorded from planet's far side links to The Far Side of Mars: Two Distant Marsquakes Detected by InSight which contains the image below. ...
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6 votes
2 answers
480 views

How to calculate Ocean heat content?

I have subsurface temperature data for up to 300 m oceanic depth (at varying depth intervals). I want to calculate the ocean heat content for 0-300 m. The formula is: OHC = seawater density * Specific ...
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1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Meterological measures -formula containing temperature, humidity, cloud, wind

I am looking for a meteorological measure (formula) of something which combines 2 or more of the following: temperature, humidity, cloud, wind, precipitation, UV I have searched, and for example, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
48 views

How does the lack of data about the Mesosphere affect our predictive knowledge of the atmosphere?

Out of all the layers of the Earth's atmosphere the Mesosphere is the hardest to collect data and experiment on, due to it's density being too much for satellites and too little for aircraft or ...
3 votes
0 answers
33 views

What is the best way to check for technical validity of climate data?

I processed a lot of modeled climate data from CMIP and I want to check that I have not made any errors. I think the best way to do this is to somehow evaluate the data I produced geographically ...
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1 vote
0 answers
35 views

From ice core analysis to temperature curves

In ice cores a lot of data are measured and analyzed and can be plotted versus depth, for example age of layers thickness of layers concentration of spurious gases concentration of solids delta ...
4 votes
1 answer
154 views

How do I find the Datum (Diurnal Correction) number for a Magnetometer

I’m a new prospector who was given the task of learning a GEM GSM-19T Proton Magnetometer. I’ve learned how to set it up, take base readings, and take walking surveys. However when setting up a base ...
6 votes
1 answer
162 views

Is there a global map of wind design loads or wind gust climatology?

I'm looking for a world map of wind gust climatology data, with the specific purpose of being used for coarse comparison of building design loads, with a consistent metric regardless of location. ...
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Quality control in Seismic Acquisition - shot offset shift

I have a problem with seismic data where the minimum offset of the shot is not centered at the nearest receiver, this shift can be for 3 traces 2 or one and maybe more in the two sides !! So is there ...
2 votes
1 answer
253 views

Does the Earth produces measurable gravity waves?

Does the Earth exhibit measurable gravity waves? Note: I'm not asking about gravitational waves. Some recent experiments looking at low-frequency (3$\times 10^{-5}$Hz) accelerometer data are showing ...
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2 votes
2 answers
134 views

What is the correct way to report historical daily Max / Min / Avg Temperature by City?

I starting a weather project where I'm using ERA5 hourly dataset (ref: https://cds.climate.copernicus.eu/cdsapp#!/dataset/reanalysis-era5-single-levels?tab=form). Using this dataset in python, I have ...
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Prevalence of 'well-rounded' beach fabric on the Foreshore

Apologies for the vagueness of this query, but generally, would it be plausible to state that the prevalence of 'sub-rounded'* beach fabric is more common at the foreshore than 'sub-angular'* beach ...
3 votes
2 answers
55 views

Comparing 2D fields - how do you quantify similarity?

I have a number of arrays describing both forecasts and observations of geospatial data (e.g. precipitation intensity, cloud fields...). Included are four animated gifs, each looping back and forth ...
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1 vote
0 answers
23 views

How to efficiently estimate merchentable volume for timber inventory using species, DBH, and merchentable heights?

I am trying to estimate wood volume for forest stands I have field-inventoried using a variable plot sample method, measuring species, DBH, and height of each tree counted 'in' using a BAF-10 prism. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Is there a name for a type of algorithm or processing which uses only one source of data as input?

Many algorithms in remote sensing take one or more different datasets as inputs and return some output. An example might be computing the amount of sulfur dioxide (SO2) injected into the stratosphere ...
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1 vote
0 answers
37 views

Broadband Albedo Conversion Scheme

I had this albedo conversion written down: $$\alpha = 0.53\alpha_{VIS}+0.47\alpha_{NIR}$$ I had on my notes that this equation was form Collins et al (2002). However, I cannot find where this came ...
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4 votes
0 answers
117 views

Beam forming FK analysis of a seismic wave

So after reading alot of literature on source localization, I found out that FK analysis is one of the most widely used methods to determine source location without explicitly calculating the ...
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

What software libraries, tools or frameworks do you use for turning tabular sensor data from the field into cleaned data files

Cleaning data and turning it into a useable format that can be integrated with other datasets is a time-consuming task that earth scientists face when using sensor data. Most sensors output data in a ...
1 vote
2 answers
126 views

Seeking climate and related sciences textbook recommendations

I will be starting a Master's program in data science soon and my eventual hope/goal is to do climate-related data science work. I did an independent study for one semester in college on the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
53 views

SeaDataNet's NEMO software, stuck on data validation?

I'm new to the community and this is my first question, I would appreciate in advance your patience and your time to read this post. I'm currently processing some oceanographic data such as salinity, ...
2 votes
3 answers
138 views

stretch phenomena after NMO application on seismic data

after the NMO application we have stretch for far offset , i read a lot of articles but i can't have a complete idea how this phenomena is really created ! any one have a rich explanation ?
2 votes
1 answer
412 views

ECMWF vs NOAA forecast data accuracy

I'm a novice software developer who's about to write some Python scripts for getting weather data from several U.S. stations, as well as a few in the Pacific (for checking Southern Oscillation Index &...
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3 votes
2 answers
167 views

Local Weather Forecast (Self-Learning Algorithm)

First of all, the question! : Is it possible to predict local weather tendencies for the upcoming hours (let's say 2-3 hours) using only local data? If yes, which data is needed to make such ...
1 vote
0 answers
84 views

Complex Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis on Propagating wave

Since Complex EOF (CEOF) is doing hilbert transform before general EOF, we can get four outputs in each mode. Magnitude spatial pattern Magnitude time series Phase spatial pattern Phase time series ...
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1 vote
0 answers
22 views

Get NPK values of soil without spectroscopy

I stumbled upon this new device called Teralytic. Which can measure salination, NPK values and all sorts of things. Unfortunately it's sold out and I think when it'll be available again rather ...
0 votes
1 answer
114 views

Decomposition of variables in horizontal and vertical modes

I have a query regarding the practical applicability of variable separable method. Usually we decompose the variables w.r.t components corresponding to different dimensions, this method is used to ...
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3 votes
0 answers
69 views

Do any of the ECMWF ensemble forecasts have the associated true values?

I am looking for a dataset of ensemble forecasts and the associated true observed values. For example, a dataset containing $n$ ensemble forecasts of the temperature in 24 hours and the observed ...
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1 vote
1 answer
90 views

Does a climate change big data provider exist? [closed]

Does a big data provider (Like a Bloomberg, which is the world's leading financial data provider) exist which includes ALL the possible informations and parameters about climate change or in general ...
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3 votes
2 answers
546 views

How to best visualize temperature increase (due to climate change) using GHCN data?

Immediately below is an illustration of my first/prototype attempt to visualize this, which is further explained after that... What you're looking at is a year-by-year animation of TMAX (daily max ...
2 votes
1 answer
193 views

Are there resources for determining what percentage of the earth's surface is occupied by air conditioned spaces?

EDIT: My goal with this question was to better understand the impact of cooling systems on local urban environments, but its been pointed out I am asking the incorrect questions for the answer's Im ...
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1 vote
0 answers
26 views

ALOS Palsar SLC data products for geological mapping

I have some ALOS palsar SLC data products which are downloaded from ESA database and they are processed with ESA ALOS-PALSAR IPF processor which is different from JAXA. Formerly it was not possible to ...
8 votes
1 answer
193 views

Why are tropical cyclones forming earlier in the North Atlantic basin?

This tweet from Brian McNoldy includes a graph suggesting that tropical cyclones are typically getting named earlier in the year in the Atlantic: What are the causes for this?
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

What is the better way to deal the missing and negative cells of satellite snow cover data

Daily and monthly MODIS snow cover L3 data has downloaded, next to deal with missing and negative cells. Different types of interpolation are being used to fill the missing cells. I want to fill the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
354 views

Seismogram deconvolution in SAC

Good day! I have a problem replicating a result. Let us consider the top plot here: On the plot, velocity is in mm/s. I think the problem is to remove instrument response correctly. I downloaded ...
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3 votes
0 answers
82 views

How is tiltmeter data processed?

With what programs can inclinometer data be processed? And how is instrumental correction done?
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3 votes
1 answer
211 views

Best way to interpolate bathymetry with a directional component?

I have a bathymetry dataset that has a small section missing. I need to fill in this section. The bathymetry in this region has some strongly directional features (e.g. a canyon that runs through the ...
1 vote
0 answers
169 views

Issues with projection and fig using python and mpl_toolkits.basemap

I currently have depth data that I am plotting with the code below. The problem that I am having has to do with the figure python is spitting out. The figure is really tiny. I have tried a few things ...
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1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Should I get my master's in Environmental Science or Environmental Engineering given a Computer Science background? [closed]

I'm currently a Computer Science undergraduate at Georgia Tech. I have ~3.5 GPA, and I want to become a data scientist for the NOAA or a similar organization concerning the acidification of the oceans....
5 votes
2 answers
454 views

correct way to calculate transport through a section in an ocean numerical model

Suppose that I want to calculate the transport across a certain transect (green line) from the outputs of an ocean numerical model. The model has the $u$ values at the center of the grids (crosses) ...
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4 votes
0 answers
432 views

What are the advantages of analyzing temperature in Kelvin?

I have air temperature data from reanalysis that I want to analyze. The reanalysis data is in Kelvin, so I'm wondering why they use Kelvin. Is there any advantage or difference in analyzing ...
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3 votes
1 answer
326 views

What statistical methods are best for analyzing long-term rainfall data?

What statistical tools are best analysing rainfall data (overall trends, decadal trends, intensity distribution, extremes, etc.)?
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2 votes
1 answer
390 views

upper air data(observation) and analysis step for GFS model

Global forecast systems(GFS) gives analysis and forecasts at different time steps. Their main source of input is upper air data which is recorded only twice in a day(observation comes at 00 and 12). ...
6 votes
1 answer
794 views

How does moveout correction work in seismic reflection profiling?

When you take a seismic reflection profile you take multiple shots and then stack them together around a common midpoint. Due to the extra distance travelled by the wide angle shots there is a moveout ...
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7 votes
1 answer
840 views

Computing Isentropic Potential Vorticity from Hybrid Sigma Pressure levels

My task is to compute isentropic potential vorticity on a grid. All data (ECMWF ens) are given on a hybrid sigma pressure grid. Since I really cannot find reference, I assume (!) that relative ...
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5 votes
1 answer
69 views

Is "seismic energy released" a regionalized variable and can be analyzed using geostatistics?

In geostatistics, we can assess and analyze regionalized variables. Tectonic stresses releases in seismically active regions by occurring earthquakes. We can calculate and estimate the seismic energy ...
6 votes
2 answers
331 views

Methods and Software for Interpolating/Modelling of Stratigraphic Well Data in 2D/3D

I have some geologic well data. The lithologies have been interpreted, and stratigraphic columns have been drawn. The columns have been adjusted for elevation, and correlation has been done between ...
1 vote
1 answer
304 views

SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index) for 40 years seasonal mean

I am working with SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index) and in particular I am interested in obtaining the seasonal mean observation over a period of 40 years. The meteorological season I am ...
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6 votes
1 answer
123 views

Kalman - Data assimilation with external model

I'm working with a distributed snow model which simulates Snow Depth and Snow Cover area. It takes in input some atmospherics variables : Temperature / Precipitation / Wind speed ... I want to ...
3 votes
1 answer
562 views

Accurately Measuring Indoor/Outdoor Air Temperature & Relative Humidity

I’m conducting an independent study as a concerned citizen on the indoor temperature at an animal shelter to support the need of improved air conditioning by documenting how hot it can reach during ...