Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [earth-system]

The tag has no usage guidance.

1
vote
0answers
14 views

How many kg $ha^-$$^1$ of exchangeable $Mg^2$$^+$ is there in the top 15cm of this field?

Soil testing from a well-drained soil sample in 0-15cm depth of a farmers field provides the following information: • Wet weight of a soil sample from a volume of 100 $cm^3$: 200 g • Moisture ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Tipping point theory, historical examples

This article gives a wonderful overview of tipping point theory, where a large system can be brought into a different state by a small perturbation. Searching online I have found mostly articles on ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What is the angle between earth's axis of rotation and equator? Are they perpendicular or at 66 1/2 Degrees?

By rotational axis I mean axial tilt or Axial obliquity or 66 1/2 degrees tilt of earth to its orbital.
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Would the Gaia hypothesis have any practical use?

I recently stumbled upon the Gaia hypothesis, which briefly states that the Earth itself is a living organism. I am wondering: Would this hypothesis have any practical use? Does it make any ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Creating regular grid for my data? [closed]

I have daily spatiotemporal data with covariates at 10 different locations. My question is is it possible to convert my data into a grid format?
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Do ocean level rise estimates account for mantle elasticity and plate mass changes?

In the mainstream media the problem of ocean level rise is presented rather... over-simplistically - ice melts -> more water flows into the oceans -> water level rises -> continents sink. But it is ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Are there other divisions of Earth following beyond hemispheres? [closed]

I know it's a silly question, but it really bothers me since the word hemisphere derives from Greek ημί- (i.e. hemi-) which cannot be further expanded, while the English equivalent semi- can be ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

What is the importance of oxidation process?

I am asking this question, because I don't know the importance of oxidation process at all, and this question pops into my mind because currently I've been researching why apples turn into brown color ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How do we know what Earth's core is made of? [duplicate]

There are many graphic representations of the Earth's core, but I would like to know how did scientists determine what the core is made of, how hot it is, rotation etc. without actually being there?
6
votes
0answers
48 views

Global Land and Sea Surface Temperature Data

We are a spin-off from TU Munich and currently working on equipping a CubeSat with a thermal imager. The imager should be able to acquire thermal/ir images with resolution of about 200m/px. In the ...
10
votes
3answers
351 views

How to run earth system, land surface and climate models?

I am interested in earth system models, land surface models and climate prediction models. I found a lot of online information on different models, including CIMP5, and the Earth System Modeling ...
8
votes
1answer
614 views

Changes in Earth's orbital and rotation speeds

What are the Earth's maximum and minimum orbital speeds around the Sun? Is there any way to calculate orbital speed at any point of Earth's orbit? Is there a way to relate this to the calendar? Does ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

What are the basic rules of how light and seasons affect landscape and objects lighting?

It would probably be a strange question for here but i will shoot it. I want to modify the shaders for Prepar3d the next version of MS flight simulator game. I have ways of interfering with ambient/...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Are pumps used in geothermal systems?

The water held underground in a geothermal system is under high temperature and pressure. Are pumps used to raise the very hot underground water to the surface or does the water rise under its own ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

High resolution global land use projections

I am looking for global land use projections for a large scale hydrological analysis. The most widely used datasets are the LUH (v1) Products used for CMIP5 based on Hurtt et al 2011. These products ...
22
votes
7answers
8k views

Does human body temperature impact climate change?

The human body temperature is about 37 °C (99 °F), so as the population increases does this cause the Earth's temperature to rise?
2
votes
2answers
235 views

Water and explosive volcanoes in the Pacific ring of fire

Most volcanoes in the Pacific Ring of Fire have an explosive nature. This is due to high concentrations of water in their magma. Obviously, this magma comes from several kilometres below the earth's ...
4
votes
1answer
371 views

How much energy released by the Theia-Gaia impact?

I read somewhere that the Chicxulub impact released the energy equivalent of anywhere from 100-300 teratons of TNT. That's an impressive amount of energy. Assuming a head on collision (according to ...
0
votes
1answer
404 views

Why in different places seems directions are changed? [closed]

I'm living at place A I traveled to B and I seen like sun isn't set as in place A. Like directions are changed. Where east is in place B is north of A and south of A is west of B. Because of sun ...
0
votes
2answers
590 views

Earth's Internal Heat Engine

What is the internal heat engine of the Earth? Doing research, I found out that the external heat engine of the Earth is the Sun. However, when I did research on the internal heat engine of the Earth,...
3
votes
2answers
211 views

Half of Earth with most landmass

About 71% of the Earth's surface is covered with water and the remaining 29% is landmass*. If you could theoretically cut the planet in half, with the objective of producing a half with the most ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Why doesn't the earth become superheated?

One day I was sitting in an Atlanta traffic jam wondering about all the engine exhaust heat warming the localised environment. Later that night, things will have cooled down. Where did the heat go? ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Reason for rotting smell after first rain of the season?

Last day we had first rain after 3-4 months of hot&dry weather, and within 3-4 minutes a rotting smell came from nowhere. Due this smell I had running nose for a day. What might be the reason for ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

The free oxygen (O$_2$) in the atmosphere is largely a result of what process?

Does it come from a)atmospheric lightning and ozone dissociation. b)meteorite impacts early in the earth's geological history. c)Paleozoic volcanic activity. d)photosynthetic processes. e)...
3
votes
2answers
612 views

What is the life-cycle of agricultural water used to grow crops/animals?

A là this Slate article: 1 gallon of water is required to grow a single almond 220 gallons to grow a large avocado 5,000 gallons to grow 1 lb of beef None of these things weighs anywhere near ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Would life on Earth survive without the Sun?

Would life on Earth survive if Sun wasn't there? My teacher told me that there are chances that it would but there would be a lack of gases and chemicals and photosynthesis that occurs with light at ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

How does the Sun heat the Earth?

The core of the sun has a temperature of 15,000,000 °C. The surface of the sun has temperature around 5,000 °C. The sun is around 93 million miles (150 million km) away from earth. My Question: With ...
6
votes
1answer
351 views

How was the Earth formed?

What events took place in our Solar System which led to formation of the Earth? I have heard from sources that a big giant star exploded and the Earth was formed. Is this true ?
6
votes
1answer
728 views

Differences between hydrothermal vents on Earth and Europa

Hydrothermal vents are common in areas subject to volcanic activity at the bottom of Earth's oceans. Meanwhile, hydrothermal vents are believed to exist on Jupiter's moon Europa and maybe in other ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it true that distance between earth and sun is closer in winter season (January) and farther in summer season in the Northern Hemisphere?

Recently I heard that in winter season the distance between the Earth and the Sun will be closest and it is farthest in summer. If it is true then why is it hotter in summer and cooler in winter?
8
votes
3answers
611 views

What are the criteria that make a planet (in)habitable?

Recently, I realized a lot of factors must contribute toward making a planet habitable, other than just the ones that come to mind like having oxygen, the right temperature, and so on. What makes a ...
3
votes
3answers
167 views

Is everything affecting everything on Earth?

If a single butterfly can alter the future, then can't every single action keep the future in chaos? According to the question about butterfly effects, this must be so, is it not? If this is an ...