Questions tagged [field-measurements]

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How to estimate evapotranspiration using moisture sensors?

There is a 210 cm long soil column that has five layers of different soil types. The topsoil layer of 15 cm has a moisture sensor in the middle. The second and third layers are of 95 and 80 cm of ...
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1answer
96 views

How does a whirling hygrometer work, how does it differ from static dry/wet bulb thermometer, and how to obtain humidity from its readings?

Answers to my previous question How is relative humidity determined from a wet and dry bulb readings? provide equations for converting the two temperature measurements to a relative humidity. In ...
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1answer
37 views

What instrumentation and/or measurement is likely being shown in this video of giant Siberian craters/sinkholes?

The RT video The Permafrost Mystery: scientists explore giant Yamal Sinkhole (with English subtitles) shows scientists exploring the formation. In one scene after about ...
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25 views

What software libraries, tools or frameworks do you use for turning tabular sensor data from the field into cleaned data files

Cleaning data and turning it into a useable format that can be integrated with other datasets is a time-consuming task that earth scientists face when using sensor data. Most sensors output data in a ...
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3answers
221 views

How do the pros measure humidity?

I have used a wet/dry bulb setup to estimate humidity, and it appears that the Argentinian meteorological service uses one in Antarctica as well. Wikipedia sez: Humidity measurement is among the ...
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3answers
132 views

How is land subsidence measured?

When groundwater is pumped out of the ground by wells, and not replenished fast enough, the groundwater level sinks. With it, the surface of the area sinks also. Locally, this effect is not apparent,...
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1answer
109 views

Why did "Glaciologist Princess Elsa" have to leave the glacier because it was too warm?

This tweet shows "Glaciologist Princess Elsa" is actually Caltech geophysics PhD student and cryoseismologist Celeste Labedz. The BBC News article What's a 'Science Princess' doing in an ice field in ...
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18 views

Get NPK values of soil without spectroscopy

I stumbled upon this new device called Teralytic. Which can measure salination, NPK values and all sorts of things. Unfortunately it's sold out and I think when it'll be available again rather ...
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1answer
94 views

Transmitter receiver coil separation for Electromagnetic Terrain Conductivity Measurement

Why increasing transmitter-receiver coil separation in EM survey (EM31, also here) increases depth of penetration? Suppose there is a horizontal flat conductive layer underneath a flat resistive ...
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2answers
679 views

What was the lowest temperature ever recorded on the surface of Earth?

This article Lowest recorded temperatures lists a -89 Degrees Celsius in Vostok, Antartica as the lowest recorded temperature. However, this other article List of weather records lists a −93.2 °C (−...
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2answers
110 views

Young researcher hoping to volunteer for Antarctica fieldwork

I am a postdoctoral scholar who is interested participating in Antarctica fieldwork/exploration as a volunteer. My background is in biology, but I am happy to participate in any fieldwork ...
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1answer
306 views

Rainbow dynamics?

How would steam refract light compared to fog and how would the rainbow appear? Does the temperature of the water drop or ice crystal effect the rainbow in any way? I know the size of the water drop ...
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2answers
53k views

What was the highest temperature ever recorded on the surface of Earth?

The article entitled "54 Celsius degrees in Iran, the highest temperature ever recorded?" says 56,6 Celsius may be the highest temperature ever recorded, in Death Valley, California, and it also ...
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1answer
317 views

Are there "transparent" clouds?

Comments below this answer to the question Why are lightning towers at launch pads topped with big hollow tubes with spiral windings and not “lightning rod-shaped” lightning rods? link to a 2013 ...
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1answer
259 views

Is astrochronology a proper method?

Wikipedia's definition of astrochronology is: "Astrochronology is the dating of sedimentary units by calibration with astronomically tuned timescales, such as Milankovic cycles,1[2] or even ...
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1answer
100 views

Where on Earth is the highest none polar magnetic fields?

Is there anywhere that magnetic ore deposits are strong enough to have a magnetic field that would be stronger then Earths' magnetic poles by proximity? I'm not asking Where on Earth is the ...
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34 views

Where to find meteorological data from road stations?

I am involved on a project that aims to analyze data from road weather stations, like the ones you can see from a German site here: https://www.dwd.de/EN/ourservices/bufr_extensions_national/...
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2answers
12k views

Where on Earth is the magnetic field intensity stronger?

Are there places on Earth that have a strong magnetic field other than the magnetic north and south poles? Can living where (rare) earth magnetic ore is abundant provide a mini-magnetoshere?
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1answer
5k views

SEGD and SEGY recorded data

What is the difference between a segd recorded data and a segy recorded data and can we convert from segd to segy and vice versa?
5
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1answer
887 views

How to make, read, and calibrate a ping-pong ball anemometer?

I'd like to make a ping-pong ball anemometer to make estimates or approximate measurements of wind and surface air currents at low to moderate speeds. I don't own an anemometer now, but I'd estimate ...
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1answer
746 views

How are data from tiltmeters used to monitor volcanic activity?

I've just learned in this answer that tiltmeters (which I assume measure changes in tilt) are used near active volcanos. (Saw a mention in item 4. here also.) What kind of geological (volcanological?)...
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136 views

Guidelines for locations of NTU markings on a turbidity tube

One way to estimate the turbidity of water while in the field is to use a turbidity tube. So far I've found two sources where I can get an idea of the locations of NTU markings along the tube. The ...