Questions tagged [geography]

For questions that are concerned with or nested within the field of Geography; the study of lands, their features, and the relationships and complexities between and among peoples, the physical environment, and ecosystems.

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2
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2answers
69 views

Is Challenger Deep really the deepest place in the ocean?

We have all been told at some point that the Mariana Trench is the deepest place in the ocean, but is that really true? More than 80% of the world's oceans are unexplored, so couldn't there be a much ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the southernmost landmass not covered by the Antarctic Treaty? [closed]

I know Bouvet Island is quite south. Is there anything southern than that?
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0answers
43 views

Lowest point between Denali and Aconcagua

Background The Denali (Mount McKinley) is the third most prominent mountain on earth. According to wikipedia It has a height of 6,191 meters, a prominence of 6,144 meters, and a "col" of 6,...
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1answer
61 views

Is there any single, generally accepted statistic describing the flatness of a given territory?

I'm very interested in Russian history, and this led me the other day to look at a beautiful painting of the famous Vladimir Highway. The painting is famous in its own right, and is said to express ...
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1answer
793 views

What happens with the isogonic lines at the South Pole?

While reading about sundials, I've seen maps depicting isogonic lines (those that connect points with the same magnetic declination values). Pray tell, what's happening in Antarctica? Why does it ...
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1answer
546 views

What affects where a terrain will be rocky or grassy?

I’m working on a terrain generator and I now need to color the terrain to be rock, grass, or snow. Ignoring snow for now, at first I thought I’d make flatter areas grass and make steeper areas rock. ...
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0answers
37 views

Why is there no American dry winter monsoon?

Some regions have monsoon conditions, a seasonal reversal of wind due to the heating and cooling of major land masses. This is true of east Asia in particular; according to https://science.jrank.org/...
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2answers
57 views

Does storm seasonality vary with latitude?

Anecdotally, where I live in northern Europe, the weather seems to be stormier in winter, and this seems to be backed up by hard data. For example, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
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1answer
71 views

How does the west coast of Japan have cliffs?

In Ireland, sea cliffs tend to be on the west coast, because it's exposed to waves coming across the full width of the Atlantic, and therefore gets a lot of erosion, whereas the east coast is only ...
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0answers
57 views

To Determine the Geographic center of a continent, is balance point the accepted method and is equivalent to finding the centroid?

This is not exactly a pure Earth Science question but I'm not sure GIS SE is a suitable place either. "The Google" suggested I watch CBS Sunday Morning's The debate over the geographical ...
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2answers
78 views

Is it possible to detect Coriolis effect using a Wind Rose?

I once learned in high school that the area where I used to live experiences the Coriolis effects of the air movement above the city. I never paid attention to this before, but I recently heard about ...
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0answers
50 views

Where can I find a list of mountain chains on the Earth?

I want to make an app for smartphones that lists the mountain chains of the world. Where can I find a list of all mountain chains that are presently outspread on the Earth?
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1answer
233 views

Can I regard the grayscale of a RGB color image as a panchromatic image?

Here I have a remote sensing dataset with many bands (e.g., blue, green, red, ...), and I use the blue, green and red bands to get a true color image. I want to know if I can get a panchromatic band ...
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Why Sutluj, Ravi and Beas rivers are called eastern rivers? Is it related to their geography?

Indus water treaty says eastern rivers are Indias and western river control are with Pakistan. All rivers origin from west of Tibet I think and flow from west to east but why this nomenclature of ...
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1answer
67 views

What was the size of the Aral sea in year 1000 CE?

I understand that since the rise of the Soviet Union the Aral sea has dried up more and more due to irrigation from rivers diverting its water to other areas for the sake of agriculture. But is it ...
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1answer
47 views

How to properly distinguish a transversal valley from a longitudinal valley?

I'm confused about how to distinguish the two. Prior to making this question. I've read the wikipedia entry on the subject but it mentions that for example a transverse valley makes 90 degrees with ...
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3answers
130 views

How do we know the Arctic is just ice?

If I look at an Earth's map, the Arctic/North Pole always appears just like water. Evidently this is actually covered by ice, with an area depending on the time of the year. If this area is bigger ...
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11answers
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Other than tectonic activity, what can reshape a world's surface?

Take our world and look at its surface geography: we have continents and oceans, mountains ridges and canyons, and so on. To my knowledge, most of it has been shaped by tectonic activity (feel free to ...
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0answers
60 views

Why does the Prime Meridian line shift in Google Earth when panning?

I'm not asking about the history of the line, nor am I asking about the tectonic plates underneath. If you look at the gif below, you will see that when panning very close to the earth on Google Earth,...
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1answer
50 views

Terracing in Mahad

my first time here! I was going down the rabbit hole after watching a video on YouTube that made me want to read about it on Wikipedia. It led me to this Picture: (View from Varandha Pass near Mahad ...
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2answers
183 views

Why is the weather in San Francisco so different from that in San Jose?

San Francisco has around 5 months a year of intermittent rain. San Jose, just 50 miles south and nestled between mountains instead of between waters, has perhaps only 1 month of rain. San Francisco ...
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0answers
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How would you predict the future climate with only 7 years of interest?

In my specific case, I have worked with a data set from 2001 to 2018 which had to be split up in 2012 due to major updates in the data. Therefore, I am now dealing with a data set of 12 years (2001 to ...
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0answers
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Structural geology

Map 4 shows two dykes that have been offset by a vertical fault. In different coloured pencils, draw strike lines on each dyke. (a) On a blank sheet of paper, use the strike lines that you have drawn ...
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1answer
49 views

How are tall cays formed?

From reading about Cays on Wikipedia it seems they are formed from coral reefs covered with sand or gravel. There are however some cays scattered around the world which are hundreds of feet off of ...
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0answers
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SC7 and SC10 Lithology Classifications

I am looking for the full names of the lithology classifications SC7 and SC10. According to the FAO's guidelines for soil description SC3 e.g. refers to silt-, mud-, claystone. What do SC7 and SC10 ...
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2answers
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Resource for scientific maps?

I need an administrative division map of england for a motivation for some scientific workshop. I don't want to cite wikipedia for this. Sadly I can't find any official resources and I don't really ...
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3answers
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Has Antarctica's coastline been completely mapped? (map discrepancies)

Looking at different world maps, I noticed that there is considerable variety in how the coastline of Antarctica is depicted (even when taking the different map projections into consideration). Are ...
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0answers
51 views

Looking for the climate classification for a particular climate

I'm looking for the climate classification among the many different climate classification systems covering my absolute favorite form of climate. If a classification for this doesn't exist, and you ...
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1answer
122 views

Why does Meteorology rely on a spherical model of the earth, rather than a flat earth, to function? [closed]

I hear all the arguments one explains to a flat earther as to why the earth is Spherical and not flat. I am not a meteorologist, but I know enough Meteorology for me to fly safely as a pilot. Getting ...
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1answer
71 views

Manmade ditches in lowlands of New England

Recently in travelling back to New England I discovered ditches in the lowlands/wetlands of the shoreline on Google Maps satellite view. They are clearly man-made, but even with all the agriculture ...
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9answers
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Is there any river that does not discharge into larger body of water?

Do you know any example of a river that does not flow into sea or lake? For example, if water rises from the underground spring and forms a river but water vaporises in hot climate before it reaches ...
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2answers
92 views

Is Mississippi and parts of Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky one giant island? [closed]

Apologies if this is a poorly written question, I'm writing this on my phone. I noticed that there were a lot of rather long rivers in the region in question, and I began to wonder just how connected ...
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0answers
46 views

Why is Europe still considered a continent(along with Asia)? [closed]

It is true that there are multiple definitions of a continent. But it is also true that Europe fails to satisfy any of them. One of the boundaries between Europe and Asia was chose arbitrarily(the ...
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0answers
89 views

What were the Two Largest Forests of Western and Central Europe (circa 600 BC)

I am trying to find out what forests were the largest in Western and Central Europe, around 600 BC. I understand that accounts dating that far back may be difficult to find, but I hope other sciences ...
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1answer
93 views

Splitting the Earth's emerged land in two equal parts

Is there a meridian that has exactly as much emerged land area 180° on its East than 180° on its West (on the assumption that it could exist...)? If there is no meridian, is there any other great ...
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0answers
118 views

Which is the longest River in Germany and Russia?

Danube is 2850 km long and yet Rhine (1233 km) is considered the longest River in Germany. Likewise,the confusion between Yenisei and Volga in Russia.
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1answer
51 views

Storing borehole interval data (logs) in netcdf

I have a number of datasets that describe geological properties as intervals down a borehole (e.g. unit codes, sample results) In a database, or a flat ASCII file, I would describe these with a ...
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1answer
44 views

At what sea level would beach area be maximized?

If the sea level was 30000 feet, all land would be submerged and no beaches would exist. If the sea level was -30000 feet, no sea would exist and there would also be no beaches. The beach area ...
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1answer
104 views

How to interpret these kind of coordinates?

I am currently working on a project with my university and ran into trouble. I am building an application for indoor localization and am currently trying to benchmark our implementation. To do this I ...
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0answers
63 views

Did people trigger the White Island 2019 eruption? [duplicate]

I am writing an essay about White Island’s 2019 eruption, and I need to know if the eruption was directly triggered by people. Is it possible that it was? Whether it being quarrying, too much tourism ...
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0answers
673 views

Is Hudson Bay part of the Arctic or the Atlantic Ocean?

Years ago I learned that the Columbia ice field was North America's triple divide point: water flowing from this ice field could drain into the Artic, the Pacific, and the Atlantic Ocean. Something I ...
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1answer
75 views

What is the origin of the River Citarum on Java, Indonesia?

The Citarum river seems to pass through Bandung. The Cikapundung River seems to empty into the Citarum, but this means Citarum starts somewhere else, right? I tried to follow it in a map. It seems to ...
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1answer
661 views

How much water will flow into the Caspian Sea if it is connected to the World Ocean?

I wonder how much benefit would a hydroelectrical project built on this inflow bring. There are projects to fill up the Erie, Salton, Qattara and the Dead Sea. But for the Caspian, there is only a ...
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2answers
75 views

What is "sheltered site" (as opposed to "exposed site")?

What is "sheltered site" (as opposed to "exposed site")? It's used in context of location of trees in bumpy ground areas and weather damage.
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2answers
5k views

How do oases form in the middle of the desert?

I am wondering if there are any theories about the formation of oases, and I am also curious about why an oasis can even last for a very long period of time. I have heard that fresh water exists on ...
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2answers
1k views

Is Australia the largest island?

I had participated in a quiz recently and one of the questions was 'which is the largest island in the world?'. I wrote Australia as the answer remembering that it was the 5th largest country in the ...
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4answers
151 views

Is Oregon lake extremely pure water? If so, why?

My question is, Is the lake shown in the YouTube video Clear Lake, Oregon extremely pure water by volume not counting dissolved air which might be about 1 in 20 by volume? In case you didn't ...
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0answers
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What is the Offset Corner Latitude and Longtitude?

I tried to understand about Offset Corner Latitude Point 1,2,3,4 and Offset Corner Longitude Point 1,2,3,4. But I couldn't understand what is it? For example, I have the Frame center Latitude and ...
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1answer
80 views

Is there any possible way that a tropical cyclone of any strength could form over land?

Most tropical cyclones rapidly weaken over land, however, given some conditions (such as very wet soil/ground cover and tropical lower atmospheric conditions) they can sustain themselves or even ...
3
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1answer
368 views

What is the most optimal latitude on Earth for the generation of extreme maximum temperatures?

First question on this StackExchange, so here goes... Overall, reaching high temperatures is dependent on 2 factors: The (maximum) solar angle in the day. The greater the solar angle, the more ...