# Questions tagged [geophysics]

Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment.

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### Does the shear modulus of silicate minerals vary significantly with changes in P and T?

I know that the bulk modulus, K, varies with pressure and temperature for silicate minerals and liquids, but what about the shear modulus? If so, is the change drastic for changes from standard ...
721 views

### Volcanic eruption force

From my research, some volcanic eruptions can produce enough force to turn a 10-tonne rock into a projectile. Could a supervolcano produce enough force to turn a 35,000 tonne rock into a projectile? ...
1k views

### What equation should I use in this isostasy problem?

I have this problem, and I am not sure where to start. The only Airy equation in my text is $r_1= \frac{h_1 \cdot p_u}{p_s - p_u}$. This doesn't seem to apply, or if it does it isn't obvious. Is ...
129 views

### What is seismic stretch in geophysical method?

What is seismic stretch in geophysical method ?
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### Forest rings shape regularity

In the answer to "Why is ground water rising on these forest rings?" it is written: these rings are too numerous and too regular in shape to be related to either kimberlites or (even more ...
485 views

### Will the Earth's core cool? [duplicate]

I am doing a school project and need to know... Will the Earth's mantle or core ever cool? If so, how? Thank you!
51 views

### When will the Earth lose its magnetic field?

Mars lost its magnetic field 4.5 billion years ago according to this article: Mars lost its global magnetic field during the time of this heightened activity. After 500 million years, the Martian ...
18 views

### Quality control in Seismic Acquisition - shot offset shift

I have a problem with seismic data where the minimum offset of the shot is not centered at the nearest receiver, this shift can be for 3 traces 2 or one and maybe more in the two sides !! So is there ...
16 views

### Conversion of SEG-Y relative to MSL

I am working on the conversion of CSF file from SonarWiz into SEG-Y data. However, it comes back always related to the Sensor depth/altitude and never to the MSL. I have tried changing the bytes from ...
48 views

### How does rotating water affect turbulence?

I have been doing some DIYnamics with rotating water and non-rotating water. So I had a bucket filled with water on a rotating table, and waited for it to be in solid body rotation. I then dropped ...
534 views

### Is there a way to convert from Dip direction to Strike direction?

I have some set of recorded data in dip direction/dip format. I wish to transform then to strike/dip. I am currently having a hard time imagining how to convert from dip direction to strike direction. ...
36 views

### Broadband Albedo Conversion Scheme

I had this albedo conversion written down: $$\alpha = 0.53\alpha_{VIS}+0.47\alpha_{NIR}$$ I had on my notes that this equation was form Collins et al (2002). However, I cannot find where this came ...
68 views

### Construction of a drift curve in the well tie calibration and how to interpret it?. Sonic calibration vs checkshot calibration

Good afternoon. Inside the creation of the synthetic seismogram some softwares have the option to run what is called "sonic calibration" or "checkshot calibration". I have some questions: 1)why some ...
286 views

### Geo-Spherical shape of Earth

I know that the best possible approximation of the shape of earth is an oblate sphere. But people also call it as geo-spherical shape of the Earth. What is the meaning of geospherical shape? Does this ...
139 views

### Equatorial Bulge and its implications on the climate

How much of the variance in the climate is due to the equatorial bulge and how much sun radiation do we lose due to the equatorial bulge? I am interested in the variance both through time and ...
55 views

### Finding out actual dip and dip direction of refractor

We have two traveltive curves for first arrivals (direct and refracted) from a dipping refractor in the forward and reverse directions along a profile line. my question is: Is there a logical way (non-...
118 views

### Effects of Centrifugal Force on Gravity Vectors?

I've been asked this question twice now from our favourite science denying community, and I don't know how to parse it. I can do centrifugal force and gravity given mass, but have never tried to even ...
16 views

### Determining the spatial orientation of a fault given ground acceleration magnitude in different directions

Accelerographs measure ground acceleration in three different components of motion: east-west, north-south, and vertically (up-down). I know that fault orientation is important here, so let's say we ...
88 views

### Which is naturally more radioactive: a tertiary or cretaceous sandstone? Why?

I've come across this question in a Petrophysics exercise regarding the Gamma Ray well logging. And I don't know how to solve it. This is the "believed" AFAIK session Natural radioactivity ...
131 views

### Is this a rock with metal or gold? [closed]

I found these really hard rock while i was excavating. It caught my attention the different colors.
28 views

### Which wavelengths is limestone most transparent to?

I think of the non-ionizing range, e.g. Terahertz or Radio. Limestone clearly is transparent to x-ray or gamma but thats not what i am asking for. Natural to low ranges of porosity/water content ...
21 views

### Do living things have a magnetic field capable of any level of solar protection?

I understand how anything with an electrical current have a magnetic field including living things. Would a densely populated rain forest or jungle have enough combined magnetic field among the living ...
28 views

### Is there a formally-defined converse of a Prominence Walk?

My question was inspired by this one - in particular, the subtopic of pumping water from the ocean to the below-sea-level basins to deal with rising sea levels (spoiler: it's horribly infeasible and ...
63 views

### Easiest way to find the water table under my feet

I had burnt my finger by digging an empty well and spending my hard-earned money in vain. I then started to study about the resistivity method for finding underground details. But I have many doubts ...
92 views

### Why does the lithosphere thickness vary within a short distance?

Can someone explain why the lithosphere thickness varies within a short distance (30-100km) at the same upper mantle viscosity around the polar region? And what is the behaviour of a thin (20-70km) ...
53 views

### Is there any rule of thumb to decide the indentation hardness test?

How to decide whether Brinell Hardness test, Rockwell test or Vicker's test is to be applied as far as grain-size is concerned? Is there any rule of thumb to decide the type of indentation hardness ...
52 views

### Interpretation of horizon display

I am currently working on a project that involves using seismic attributes as input parameters in a neural network for estimation of porosity and permeability for a reservoir. Now, I need to correlate ...
76 views

### How can this fountain of (hot?) water coming out of the Earth arise?

In this video from min. 7:00 is after digging in the Earth a fountain created of water. Is this due to the pressure of the water in the Earth, if so how did it get there and how did it get such a high ...
56 views

### Why is the Inner Core of the Earth solid in spite of being the deepest and the hottest layer of the Earth [duplicate]

I have been recently studying about the layers of the earth and I got stuck with the question that why is the inner core of the Earth solid in spite of being the deepest and the hottest layer. I hope ...
208 views

### What is meant by Monte-carlo simulation? (would like an elaborated answer with some references) [closed]

I have come up with simulations which involves monte-carlo method that I am not fully aware of. I would be very happy if someone can help me with some references to read and learn.
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### Why is the average 1 Bar temperature on planets with a thick atmosphere proportional to the distance of the sun?

The temperature of a planetary body in space varies with the fourth-root of the power incident upon it, this is derived from the Stefan-Boltzmann Law. This is understandable when applied to a black ...
578 views

### What are some good resources to learn about geophysics? [closed]

What are some good textbooks and online resources for learning about geophysics? That is, physics, as it relates to the earth's geology, shape, and internal structure.
147 views

### Need seismic data and digital well log data from the same area?

I am currently working on a project that involves the input of seismic attributes (instantaneous amplitude, instantaneous frequency etc.) to a machine learning/deep learning model (eg. A Neural ...
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### Zoeppritz equations derivation

I have been long looking for the derivations and step by step explanation of Zoeppritz matrix but either internet is full of final versions or I can’t find it...I would be very thankful if anyone can ...
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### Is COMSOL Multiphysics good for subduction CFD modelling? Are there alternatives?

As a beginner for CFD modelling of plate subduction, I heard comsol to be a good software. Can anybody suggests alternatives and the demerits of using COMSOL Multiphysics? Thank you.
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### Would it be possible, from the earth’s creation or during its various geomorphological changes, for all the following hypotheses to be probable?

I’m designing a fictional world setting for a game, and I would like to know whether it has a relative coherence based on science. (Don’t mind if it is an almost improbable scenario). Would it be ...
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### Hydrophone/geophone sensor sensitivity - noise versus signal

Today, a student asked this question, and I was unable to answer it in a way that was understandable and accurate - even for myself. For seismic data acquisition projects, how are sensors able to '...
81 views

### Near-Surface Investigations: FWI vs. MASW

MASW is a common processing method for civil/geotechnical and even for oil/gas exploration (usually weathering static corrections) applications. In my experience, it seems to work well for most ...
165 views

### Where on Earth is the most windless lake with its own micro climate sea breeze?

Would a circular lake have enough of sea breeze strong to create a gentle vortex in the center of the lake? Is there such a place on Earth where lake micro climate vortexes occur frequently? The ...
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### Differentiate correlation of between depth and bouguer anomaly

Assume we measure bouguer anomaly (g) and depth (H) of the certain horizon through a profile at each point. Based on data we get a correlation between H and g and express it with a polynomial equation ...
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it's my first time to ask question here, thank you for your answer(if any:) So I need to download the ERA5 land daily data, and as I try to download it from the website, the progress bar always shows ...
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### How do I find the temperature measured at 350 hPa?

You are flying 2.5 km over the ground while your mates are flying up at 350 hPa. All the way between you there are clouds. If you measure that the temperature outside is 4 celsius, what temperature do ...
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### Can extratropical cyclones force global cooling?

We are living in a historical period of global warming since about 20,000 years ago. This global warming period is one of about ten in human history. Those periods may very well be forced to start by ...
118 views

### Why does Meteorology rely on a spherical model of the earth, rather than a flat earth, to function? [closed]

I hear all the arguments one explains to a flat earther as to why the earth is Spherical and not flat. I am not a meteorologist, but I know enough Meteorology for me to fly safely as a pilot. Getting ...
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### Does anyone have absorption coefficients at different wavelengths for sulfur dioxide? [closed]

Does anyone have absorption coefficients for sulfur dioxide at various wavelengths?
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### Can the sealed bottle garden be called a perpetual motion machine? [closed]

I was not sure just where to ask this question, but I was wondering if the sealed bottle garden be really called a perpetual motion machine. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2267504/The-...
127 views

### If we could stay still in the air. Would we be travel around the entire world in 24 hours? [closed]

I just wonder why, if we ourselves could stay still in the air (or just float in the air using something such as a hot air balloon). Why doesn't the world rotate around us, allowing us to travel ...
1k views

### Safest spots when an asteroid hits? [closed]

I am breaking this question and no longer making an effort in refining it with the exception of adding an associated link with the scenarios. I always wondered if a devastating asteroid was ...