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Questions tagged [history-of-science]

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4
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1answer
111 views

When did people first realize that hurricanes are a particular type of storm system?

To a person living on a beach in the Caribbean or crossing the Atlantic on a sailing ship, it's not obvious whether a commotion in the sky is a hurricane or some other storm system. When did people ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

How old is the Earth?

According to most articles I've read online, the estimated age of Earth is 4.5 billion years. Question: How old is the Earth? So I actually want to confirm that this is the case. Maybe there are ...
6
votes
1answer
401 views

How did the terms “acidic” and “basic” come to be associated with $SiO_2$ in igneous rocks?

Students of geology are introduced to in their petrology course, (or used to be), to the terms "acidic", "basic", and the associated term "intermediate" in relation to %$SiО­­­_{2}$ in igneous rocks, ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

How Copernicus figured out that it took 7 parts of water and 1 part earth until the entire Earth was submersed in water [closed]

In chapter 3 of "The Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres" where Copernicus defines "how the Earth forms a single sphere with water", the Edward Rosen translation of the book states this. For they ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is the work “The photochemical origin of life” ,by A.Dauvillier, in line of principle still valid today? [closed]

Dauvillier, through his studies, demonstrate that a rise of 2 degrees, of the average temperature of the planet represents a point of no return, beyond which an irreversible process would trigger, ...
8
votes
2answers
152 views

Why did it take so long to discover the volcanic nature of mid-oceanic ridges?

I just read this article and was astonished to see the following: Oceanographers stumbled on [the mid-oceanic ridges'] volcanic nature in 1973. What I find surprising is how recent that is. ...
6
votes
0answers
128 views

1950's - 60's Earth Science

I'm writing some lore for a fictional world, which is set in the 50's early 60's roughly. One thing I'd like to bring is a fairly grounded explanation for the creation of the planet and the universe, ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

Are old geophysics textbooks useful?

I have had much success with old textbooks in mathematics. Generally, for any branch of mathematics that I (as a non-mathematician) would like to learn or re-learn, I can buy a classic textbook from ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How did Earth's atmospheric layers get their names?

How are atmospheric layers named once they have been discovered?
10
votes
2answers
220 views

Is it physically possible to see mountains from 500 km away?

Quoting from lecture notes of Andrew young at San Diego State University: For less extreme, but very reliable, observations, consider some listed by Commander C. L. Garner of the Coast and Geodetic ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Newton's estimate of the age of the Earth

I was reading many articles about estimates of the age of the Earth throughout the ages. I was dumbfounded when I read that Newton, arguably one of the greatest scientists ever to have ‘calculated’ ...
5
votes
1answer
358 views

What is the earliest tropical cyclone in record?

The question is simple: what is the earliest tropical cyclone (hurricane or typhoon) described in the historical record?
20
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0answers
235 views

How reliable were early measurements of palaeomagnetic directions?

The methodology and equipment for palaeomagnetic studies in the 1960s and 1970s was often rather primitive by today's standards. For example, Doell and Cox (1967) imply that the standard procedure for ...