Questions tagged [hydrology]

Hydrology is the study of the properties and behaviour of water. It concerns both surface as well as subsurface water, although water in the oceans and atmosphere is generally excluded. Those are studied by oceanography and meteorology, respectively.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1 votes
0 answers
13 views

Calculating the inflow of water

If a bucket with a uniform diameter of 50cm is left in the open and after 20mins it drizzles for 15mins, and the bucket received 6967.41mm of water. What's the new level of water in the bucket if the ...
user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Run Hydrus-1D on Linux

I want to run Hydrus-1D on Linux, and I wonder if anyone knows about this to help me. I could compile the source code on Linux but it is not working. I really appreciate any help regarding this. ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
175 views

Would covering part of Lake Mead with large sheets of bubble wrap reduce the amount of water lost to evaporation?

I have been recently thinking about how the water level of Lake Mead keeps dropping due to its high water evaporation rate brought on by recent years of historical drought conditions. The continuous ...
user avatar
  • 325
4 votes
1 answer
89 views

Effects of Dredging Estuary Channel on Water Flow

Is it possible to make some generalizations about the hydrographic effects of dredging a channel into an estuary? Or is it too complex a problem and each case must be considered independently? Let me ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
121 views

What can make a river end just before an ocean?

In Mallorca, Spain, there is a river called Torrent Son Bauló. As visible in the picture, it ends just before the sea, seemingly blocked by the beach. What can be the cause of that? My guess is that ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
131 views

What are these 'spine' land features on the banks of the Oder river?

Looking around on Google Maps, one can zoom in on the banks of the Oder river between Germany and Poland and find quite an extensive series of curious repeating land features along much of the river ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Can we know if a numerical model will converge or not according to the boundary conditions?

Consider a square 2D domain and a steady-state simulation. According to the geology of the domain, the North, South, West and East limits must be conditions of zero flow (Neumann). The aquifer ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
56 views

Easiest way to visualize precipitation drainage using raster elevation files in R?

As a non-specialist, enviro-enthusiast, I am curious about visualizing post-precipitation run-off in my local area. I have been able to access and download appropriate elevatio rasters for my local ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
35 views

Global gridded Leaf Area Index and Soil Depth data for hydrological analysis - references and unmixing by land use

I am working with a global fully distributed (gridded) hydrological model and I am having some issues regarding two sets of data extremely important for the correct representation of the soil ...
user avatar
  • 1,258
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Does total precipitation have different meanings?

I'm new in hydrology sciences and for my work, I have to differentiate solid precipitation time series and liquid precipitation from total precipitation time series. My data are from a meteorological ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
98 views

How are boundary conditions considered in PDEs?

I'm new to numerical modeling and trying to figure out how things work inside business codes. Consider a 1D domain divided into small cells of width dx and at the East and West a Neumann conditions ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
98 views

Is it possible for a local flood to reach the heights of a mountain, say 7000 ft, and wash away a ship over 350 miles? [closed]

Is it even possible? How much water would it take? Does the whole earth need to be flooded to reach that height?
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

How to estimate evapotranspiration using moisture sensors?

There is a 210 cm long soil column that has five layers of different soil types. The topsoil layer of 15 cm has a moisture sensor in the middle. The second and third layers are of 95 and 80 cm of ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
125 views

Rainfall Anomaly Index using satellite data

I'm working on a script for calculating the Rainfall Anomaly Index1 (RAI) for an area using satellite imagery to estimate precipitation. The context I have seen the RAI used in before is for weather ...
user avatar
  • 65
4 votes
4 answers
260 views

Why isn't the Amazon River in the top for the highest hydropower potential

Because of its high flow rate, why isn't the Amazon River one of the top rivers with the highest potential for hydro electric power potential in the world?
user avatar
  • 149
2 votes
2 answers
463 views

Calculating Stream Flow from Rainfall Data

I have been given the following data: Month N T (degrees C) Monthly Rainfall (mm) 1 0.68 1.12 391.1 2 0.82 1.40 163.1 3 0.98 3.04 296.5 4 1.15 4.77 157.7 The list goes on. From this and using ...
user avatar
  • 35
-2 votes
1 answer
64 views

Can air be slowed down by Fricton? [closed]

Can wind/air that is moving at average speeds be slowed down by the cause of Friction? Also, Can Air bubbles in water be slowed down because of Friction? Please cite your sources.
user avatar
  • 328
0 votes
1 answer
244 views

What effect does river channelization have on the surrounding water table?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but most rivers lie where the water table protrudes into open air. In other words, the water table level is exactly the same as the river water level. (Wikipedia has a good ...
user avatar
  • 2,043
3 votes
1 answer
116 views

Is VLF-EM scanning for fractures a valid way to find groundwater for a well?

I posted this question on Engineering Stack Exchange as well. I'm not sure if here or there is the better place. There is no agriculture stack exchange (much as I wish there was) so I am posting there ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
52 views

Water Freezing Quandary

Good Day All, I have quandary that I am unable to find an answer for. I live in Ontario, Canada. Then home I reside on is directly on a lakefront. It makes for beautiful views and wonderful times in ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
24 views

How to map a comID to latitude/longitude?

I'm working with a dataset of river flow from NOAA and the locations of the measurements are indicated with a comID. From what I gathered these comIDs are rooted from a dataset called NHD, although I ...
user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
3 answers
122 views

Why would channelizing a river reduce any nearby wetlands?

Channelization is when you straighten a river to make a shorter path from A to B. This makes the water flow faster, since the path is shorter but the volumetric flow rate of water must be the same (...
user avatar
  • 2,043
3 votes
1 answer
101 views

Calculation of river width in relation to contributing area

I'm looking for a mathematical method to estimate the river width based on the basic topographic information of the specific sections of stream under consideration. Is there a formula to estimate the ...
user avatar
  • 1,258
1 vote
1 answer
349 views

How to interpret the negative (actual) evapotranspiration values?

I am exploring FLUXNET sites for actual evapotranspiration (ETP) data (I convert the energy balance closure-corrected latent heat to ETP). I am interested in the half-hourly data. During the night we ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Can we define "drainage density" for a soil column (point-scale)?

From what I read all over the web and articles, drainage density is a parameter that is defined for a catchment. I want to use a hydrological model to simulate the percolation from the bottom of a ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
695 views

What is the scientific reason for Falgu river being subterranean?

According to wikipedia "The Phalgu or Falgu, a river that flows past Gaya, India in the Indian state of Bihar, is a sacred river for Hindus and Buddhists. Lord Vishnu's Temple Vishnupad Mandir is ...
user avatar
34 votes
9 answers
10k views

Is there any river that does not discharge into larger body of water?

Do you know any example of a river that does not flow into sea or lake? For example, if water rises from the underground spring and forms a river but water vaporises in hot climate before it reaches ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
70 views

How to obtain the saturation point of a soil layer from the volumetric soil water content data?

Would you please let me know if the following is accurate as an answer to the question: Suppose we have sensors which measure the volumetric soil water content of a soil layer for a long period (more ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Where to find reliable snowfall rate data?

Would you please let me know where I can find/download reliable snowfall rate datasets? I am looking for multiple weather stations (in different regions) or field measured data, that contain both ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
118 views

Why would a rincon provide more reliable water? [closed]

I am reading a book that argues that the Ancestral Puebloans settled along the rincons, or nooks, along the canyon walls, because that was where water was reliable. I can't understand the argument, as ...
user avatar
  • 251
1 vote
1 answer
136 views

What is the "pressure gradient" within the richards equation

I'm trying to understand the Richards equation that can be used to compute the flow of water in soil. In a textbook I found the following: Unfortunately, the textbook doesn't really explain what the ...
user avatar
  • 331
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

How to estimate the runoff time for my area?

I want to use an rainfall-runoff model for pluvial flash floods and need to choose for my synthetic rain event the appropriate duration. In the literature it often says that the chosen duration should ...
user avatar
  • 331
3 votes
0 answers
37 views

How to transfer surface roughness from the unit mm into Strickler coefficient m1/3 per second

I have a hydrodynamic model to simulate flash floods. This model expects roughness data in the Strickler coefficient format (kst) in the unit m1/3 per second. I got a table with roughness values I'm ...
user avatar
  • 331
3 votes
0 answers
99 views

Modeling the total water inflow across multiple reservoirs

I'm new to hydrology and I have a question regarding the modeling of multiple reservoirs. I need to estimate the total water inflow to multiple reservoirs that will be observed tomorrow, conditional ...
user avatar
  • 81
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

How to choose "relevant" precipitation durations for flash flood modelling?

For my thesis, I model flash floods in urban areas. A book with recommended practices says to use events with a recurrence interval of 30 and 50 years. Regarding the duration of the precipitation ...
user avatar
  • 331
0 votes
0 answers
50 views

Rainfall guage stations outside the watershed

How can I determine the rainfall depth for an event over the watershed, if I just have two stations, S1 and S2, that are outside the catchment? Methods I have thought of were to take the average of ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

struggling to find a good research question in rainfall runoff modelling [duplicate]

I'm writing my thesis on modelling extreme rainfall and I'm still struggling to find a good research question. I have asked a similar question before in this post. Maybe you guys can give me some ...
user avatar
  • 331
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

How much water will flow into the Caspian Sea if it is connected to the World Ocean?

I wonder how much benefit would a hydroelectrical project built on this inflow bring. There are projects to fill up the Erie, Salton, Qattara and the Dead Sea. But for the Caspian, there is only a ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

how does model validation work? What is needed for an appropriate validation

I have an 2D hydrodynamic model in a approx. 10km² catchment and one rain event that goes one hour with measurements in a 5min interval. The reccurance interval for an event like that is close to ...
user avatar
  • 331
3 votes
1 answer
73 views

If the top layer of a large river freezes, is the remainder's rate of flow affected?

This question is a hypothetical, and has to do with the notion of cheap, modular turbines that can be sunk and anchored to a specific depth in a body of water. Each would not generate much power, but ...
user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
258 views

hydrologic vs. hydrodynamic modelling of surface runoff

In the description of a Software it says that it computes the net rainfall, runoff formation and runoffconcentration on a surface hydrologically. With an extra module, the runoff formation can also be ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

research question for modelling extreme rainfall event with coupled 2D surface and 1D sewersystem model

I would like to write my thesis on modelling extreme rainfall events in urban areas coupling a 2D surface model with an 1D sewer channel model. I have access to a good software which models ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
79 views

How to check the recurrence intervall of heavy rain events

Heavy rain or flood events have recurrence intervalls. I.e. 100 year, 50 year or 25 year events. However, with increasing data and global warming and other factors these intervalls change. How can I ...
user avatar
  • 331
24 votes
2 answers
6k views

How do oases form in the middle of the desert?

I am wondering if there are any theories about the formation of oases, and I am also curious about why an oasis can even last for a very long period of time. I have heard that fresh water exists on ...
user avatar
  • 343
4 votes
0 answers
21 views

what is a sensitivity analysis in heavy rain 2D surface / 1D drainage network models

For my thesis, the lecturer proposed to make a "sensitivity analysis" with a 2D surface model connected with a 1D drainage Network model for a storm rain event. However, I'm having problems to figure ...
user avatar
  • 331
2 votes
3 answers
3k views

formula to convert precipitation in mm/h to runoff in m³/s

I have precipitation data in mm/h but to use them for my model I need them in m³/s. Is there a formula to convert them?
user avatar
  • 331
1 vote
1 answer
23 views

Modelling extreme rainfall events: 'blanket approches' when considering soil infiltration

For my thesis on modelling an extreme rainfall event with a 2D surface runoff model I'm supposed to consider the effect of soil infiltration on the runoff: In my work description it says I'm supposed ...
user avatar
  • 331
18 votes
2 answers
4k views

Do dams reduce the flow of river downstream?

There is a conflict between Egypt and Ethiopia, because the latter wants to build a dam on the Nile river. Citing this article: [Egypt] fears the Nile dam will reduce its share of the river and ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
137 views

Loop in the continental divide

Various maps of the Continental Divide (the hydrological feature, not the trail) contain a loop that looks like this: What is the hydrologic meaning of the loop in Wyoming? Even if it's a basin, ...
user avatar
  • 131
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

Avra valley aquifier region boundary

Attached is an image of the Avra valley in Southern Arizona, USA from Effects of Kriging and Inverse Modelling on Conditional Simulation of the Avra Valley Aquifier in Southern Arizona -- Clifton and ...
user avatar
  • 111

1
2 3 4 5