Questions tagged [mineralogy]

questions relating to the scientific study and identification of minerals.

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2answers
85 views

Is this classification of mineral formation environments correct?

I am writing an app for students that consist in 180 sheets of the most common minerals on Earth's Crust. One of the fields of the sheets is environment of formation. It is important to me to ...
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1answer
57 views

Does muscovite occur as a contact metamorphism mineral?

Does muscovite occur as a contact metamorphism mineral, with dacitic intrusion into dacitic rocks?
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23 views

How to prepare sulfur crystal specimens?

I mined sulfur crystals last week and I read the following on this guide: To prepare the specimens [...] it is necessary to soak them in water to which ammonium hydroxide has been added. This ...
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1answer
62 views

“Obicular” structures in basalts

I found spherical or globular structures, structures in basalts of a greenstone belt which underwent alteration and deformation. However, in thin section, these structures have undeformed pyroxene and ...
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1answer
75 views

Rock ID: black rock found in Central Europe [closed]

I'm note sure if it's an anthracite, augite, jet (lignite) or something completely different. I don't know where exactly i found it because it's from my old rock collection. I would appreciate your ...
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Space Symmetry Groups: Wyckoff notation, diagram and positions

In the subject: "Introduction to Chemical Geology", I have given the spatial symmetry groups. At present, I know the different symmetry operators: rotation axes, center of symmetry (or inversion), ...
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0answers
209 views

Green Rock Identification [closed]

This rock was found in the highlands of Scotland in the mountains.It is 2 1/2''x2 1/8''x 1'' it has a density of 2.95 leaves a clear streak weighs 130 grams and a hardness of 6 on Moh's scale.This ...
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3answers
87 views

Pinkish rock with red 'veins' [closed]

I found this rock in Smithfield NC. It does scratch glass. A butter knife didn’t scratch it. When you hold it to a light it has an orange glow. It didn’t leave anything on porcelain.
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2answers
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Database of color wavelengths of minerals

I was wondering about the physics of color, and now am interested in finding out if there are any resources (databases, text files, html tables, or pdf listings) of minerals and their associated ...
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1answer
309 views

Is this rock Massive Epidote? [closed]

enter image description here This is a close up of outside of chipped off piece, and inside alsoI found this rock in Co. Donegal Ireland on a river bank buired under the dirt. It weighs 16.4lbs- 7....
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1answer
38 views

UK Mineral identification help [closed]

Can anyone help me identify these minerals please? I found them on a beach in northern England. The first has tiny angular crystals, some slightly pinkish maybe in certain lighting conditions but grey ...
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52 views

what type of rock is this? blue/green and brown [closed]

I found this rock while up in the mountains and I have no idea what type of rock it is.
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1answer
122 views

Identification required, rock formation found whilst on holiday in Cephalonia, Greece white object embedded inside? [closed]

This rock was found in kephalonia Greece, on a beach in lassi. The rock is black in colour, smooth with thumb like prints, very metallic smell and very slightly magnetic. We took this rock to oxford ...
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What does the unit cell of petitjeanite look like?

The question in Chemistry SE What is the crystal structure of bismuth oxyhydroxyphosphate (BOHP)? is about a catalyst synthesized by accident. A link in this comment points to the page https://www....
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1answer
579 views

What's the difference between cleavage and fracture?

I see both terms refereing to fractures on crystals or minerals, so I wonder if they could be considered synonymous. If no, what's the difference between both terms?
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2answers
48 views

Can gemstones be cut into sheets? [closed]

TL;DR: Without lasers, electricity, or otherwise modern tools, could large transparent gems be sliced (like glass window)? So I’m world building. On this planet they have caves with enormous gemstone/...
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Name of majorite endmember $\ce{Mg3(FeSi)Si3O12}$

Does the majorite garnet $\ce{Mg3(FeSi)Si3O12}$ have a name?
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1answer
18 views

Does the shear modulus of silicate minerals vary significantly with changes in P and T?

I know that the bulk modulus, K, varies with pressure and temperature for silicate minerals and liquids, but what about the shear modulus? If so, is the change drastic for changes from standard ...
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1answer
92 views

An oblique-square-prism crystal?

Does any mineral crystallize in the shape of an oblique square prism? If so, what crystal system (monoclinic, cubic, hexagonal, etc.) would such a mineral fall under?
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1answer
49 views

Is this an agate? [closed]

So I have found these in a creek there are some that look like this and I have broke them open and they were full of crystals these seem to small and I have tried cracking then and they wont budge I ...
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2answers
217 views

How are minerals classified?

What exactly is done to classify minerals in Earth Sciences such as Geology? How can it be known if one mineral is the same as another if they should be visually different?
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1answer
83 views

Metallic Balls Found in Sandstone or Mudstone Layer [closed]

Found metallic balls of some type of metal ore surrounded by yellow mudstone the metallic balls crush easily into a fine gray powder. The gray balls are situated between sandstone layers in a soft ...
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1answer
85 views

Mineral/rock identification [closed]

I found this rock in the Himalayan region in India. It was on the roadside of a hill that we were trekking. It has a silver lustre. It has a hardness of 5.5(I can scratch it with a knife blade).it has ...
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1answer
83 views

Can someone identify this mineral? [closed]

I found this in a stream in Medicine Bow-Routt National Forest, Wyoming. One side (2/3 length) has a pointy pyramid with four faces; other side (1/3 length) has four faces but with with an edge ...
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1answer
120 views

Mineral identification - please help!

I'm currently writing an essay on a mosaic in the British Museum, and am unsure about which stone the frame is constructed from (pictured). I would be most grateful for help identifying it. Thanks! ...
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1answer
71 views

What is this translucent and blue vein crystal, 7.5 < Mohs < 9, Lustre: Aventurescence [closed]

It looks like quartz, but it has blue veins on the surface that look died. Not all surface scratches are blue though. Hardness: > 6.5. Nail file will not scratch it. > 7 quartz will not scratch it. >...
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1answer
61 views

What is this translucent blue-green oblong crystal? [closed]

I think it might be aventurine of some sort, but I'm not sure. Hardness: It is harder than a steel nail file. The file leaves a track, but it rubs off, leaving no mark. I scraped it on the bottom ...
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1answer
90 views

Where/how people find minerals

Forever I have seen little shops here and there offer minerals like those crystals and neat shaped rocks of different kinds, turquoise and amethyst and many others and such. But I never really thought ...
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1answer
81 views

Do Pyroelectric gemstones really exist? Can they be found on web market?

I just got the curiosity today to know whether the gems that produce electricity non stop without an end exist, and I have found this site. But I’m having doubts about it, thinking that it could be ...
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1answer
105 views

If the study of “minerals” is covered by inorganic chemistry

I am wondering what field studies "minerals", such as the minerals in Wikipedia's list. I keep thinking that perhaps it would be covered in inorganic chemistry (list of inorganic compounds wiki), but ...
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1answer
132 views

Why would India have so much thorium on it's beaches?

The recent BBC News article Why India Wants to Turn it's Beaches into Nuclear Fuel includes the passage: The tropical beaches of India probably bring to mind sun-dappled palms, fiery fish curries ...
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2answers
289 views

I found this strange spherical stone in Gillette Wyoming. I have no idea what it is. Please help. [closed]

These are recent pictures of it. It’s heavy, I see small minerals that catch the light in it, very bumpy, spherical, doesn’t seem to be magnetic, I was falling down a deep trench and kicked it up at ...
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1answer
85 views

Is this a rock with metal or gold? [closed]

I found these really hard rock while i was excavating. It caught my attention the different colors.
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1answer
72 views

What kind of purple stone is this? [closed]

I found this stone and I do not know what type of stone is this?
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1answer
72 views

Please identify- no origin known but given to me by a geologist [closed]

A very dear man who love his job as a geologist gave this to me. He’s been all over the country so I have no idea where he may have picked it up
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1answer
294 views

heavy, brown, rock with crystals, please help identify [closed]

please help identify this rock. it is heavier than most. dark brown color. picture is shown with streak test. found in Philadelphia pa. at home demolition site. crystals seem to be different type and ...
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2answers
137 views

Please help identify this! Rock? Glass? Crystal? It's big and very heavy [closed]

About 1.5 feet tall, 1 foot deep and 2 foot wide. Very heavy and very hard. I will get a better picture posted asap. You can read a newspaper thru it. Was left to me by my uncle years ago but never ...
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2k views

Is this petrified wood or just “some rock”? [closed]

I was gifted this and have no idea what it is and was to embarrassed to ask, so here I am.
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0answers
61 views

Can you help me identify my rock? [closed]

I found this rock in my yard. Can someone please identify it for me? I’m not sure if you can see the blue hue on the rock in the picture! (https://i.stack.imgur.com/cuklH.jpg)
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1answer
70 views

Unidentified mineral found in France [closed]

(I am not a native english speaker, so I'm not really aware of the specific terminology.) A few years back, I found an unidentified rock on a beach in Normandie (France). It looks and feels (texture-...
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1answer
140 views

Are these obsidian snowflakes? [closed]

I'm not sure if these are obsidian snowflakes: I found it near a river, hardness is 4 to 5, it has a wax lustre when pre-polished. The 'flakes' in the matrix are raised and gray. Pre-polished side ...
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1answer
310 views

What exactly are enantiotropic and monotropic polymorphic transitions?

Recently, I've been studying the subject of polymorphism and met two important concepts, the monotropic and enantiotropic polymorphic transition types. However, I can't really seem to grasp the ...
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1answer
113 views

What's this? Chess pieces growing spines! [closed]

These chess pieces have laid undisturbed for a long time (15-20 years?). In this time, they seem to have grown clear/white, spiny, long crystals. I'm wondering if they are dangerous, but also curious ...
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1answer
167 views

Is this deep green calcite, green gneiss stone? [closed]

The site where it is found is characterized by schist, quartz and gneis, but also other species of rock. This is a scissors 2 cm semi transparent, vitreous luster, hard scale 6.5 - 7 ... I will post ...
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1answer
97 views

What is the type of stone/mineral in this necklace please? [closed]

I would like to sell this necklace but can't remember its original description and the online store where I got it no longer carries it so I can't look it up that way. Blue Chalcedony comes to mind, ...
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1answer
177 views

Why would CaO be more finely spread than K2O in Granodiorite?

I recently interpreted some XRF data on samples of a granodiorite which were classified under three different types of physical characteristics: very little, mild and significant levels of weathering. ...
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1answer
84 views

Can you help me identifying this beige/brown rock? [closed]

I found this stone in a box where I keep some memorabilia. Unfortunately I don't know, where it's from, maybe it's from a mountain side in the alpins or from a beach at the mediterranean sea. One side ...
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1answer
131 views

Help identify this brown red mineral? [closed]

This was found in my garden today and has me completely stumped. What is it?
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1k views

Melting point of minerals

Looking at this website, I can see the melting point of the following minerals: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Geophys/meltrock.html Apparently at a temperature of 1200 °C, all the ...