Questions tagged [mining]

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4
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1answer
94 views

Why can't we dig deeper?

I recently read on another SE site that there's a limitation on how deep we can dig into the earth. A Google search reveals that temperature is the problem. I quote from a Popular Mechanics article ...
2
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1answer
106 views

If the Kola Superdeep Borehole were opened today, what would come out of it?

The BBC News article The Deepest Hole we have Ever dug says: This is the Kola Superdeep Borehole, the deepest manmade hole on Earth and deepest artificial point on Earth. The 40,230ft-deep (12.2km) ...
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0answers
69 views

How much hydrogen can be extracted from the deep continental crust?

Far below the earth's surface, hydrogen gas is continuously produced through serpentinization. At least some fraction of this hydrogen remains trapped in the deep continental crust; indeed, Soviet ...
0
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1answer
48 views

How many mines are there on Earth, and what is their output in tonnes?

I am writing a space colonization game, and I need some guidance on default values for mine productivity. If you also know an estimate of how much people work on them, that's a bonus. Thanks in ...
1
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1answer
53 views

What is cluster situation with respect to sand mining?

Guideline on handling cluster issues : The original Environmental Impact Assessment ( EIA ) notification does not provide for the procedure to handle cluster situation, which has been proposed in ...
5
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1answer
79 views

What are the phenomenon (artificial and natural) in play in this photograph “350m beneath Berezniki in Russia”?

This image is from the BBC Culture article Striking photos of human scars on Earth. It is accompanied by the text and captions below. But I still don't understand what I'm looking at at all. Can ...
10
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1answer
111 views

Why would India have so much thorium on it's beaches?

The recent BBC News article Why India Wants to Turn it's Beaches into Nuclear Fuel includes the passage: The tropical beaches of India probably bring to mind sun-dappled palms, fiery fish curries ...
19
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4answers
8k views

What is the deepest we have ever gone into the Earth?

I remember Journey to the Center of Earth and wonder: What is the deepest in the Earth surface or below sea level we have traveled either by foot, sub, drill or camera?
5
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2answers
189 views

Why is lithium so unevenly distributed?

According to the US Geological Survey, nearly all of the world's lithium reserves are in Chile/Argentina, China, and Australia. Why is this? Lithium seems to be mostly harvested from brine pools, so ...
1
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1answer
1k views

What are the differences between alluvial, eluvial and colluvial deposits? [duplicate]

There's always confusion and disagreement when these terms are mentioned. Need to be sure of their exact meanings.
2
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2answers
117 views

Geological maps of British Columbia

I’ve been doing research into mineral deposits in B.C. I’ve been overlaying old claims maps onto Google Earth maps. Are there any good public maps for metallic minerals for British Columbia online?
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2answers
75 views

What is the total weight of mineral extractions from Earth per year?

I am writing a somewhat realistic space game, and instead of the commercial 3 or 4 commodities model, I am making my players suffer with all 118 elements. I have gathered the data needed to create ...
3
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1answer
325 views

Why do diamond mines seem to always appear conical? Are the above-ground mines all that way? All at about the same angle?

From the BBC's Russia: Eight missing in flooded diamond mine:
6
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2answers
162 views

Is there a list of instances where mountains that have been mined out of existence?

Reading the Wikipedia entry for the Australian town of Broken Hill, I came across the following piece of trivia (emphasis mine): The "broken hill" that gave its name to Broken Hill actually ...
3
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1answer
97 views

How much Sulfur Dioxide is emitted into the atmosphere from a mine fire?

Since burning coal leads to a variety of air pollutants, presumably a coal mine fire would also lead to air pollutants. My question is whether there have been any published studies on the emission ...
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2answers
55 views

What kind of mine pit in northeastern Minnesota could make residue that turns water turn bright red?

Reading about turbidity, I came across this web page with the frightening image shown below. Text immediately before reads: Reasons for Natural Variation Algal turbidity varies seasonally and ...
2
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1answer
732 views

What is the geologic origin of the Bauxite deposit in Bauxite, Arkansas, and could there be more?

Bauxite is an mineral of Aluminum. Despite a general mineral wealth, the USA does not have any major Bauxite deposits, except for one in Arkansas. The mining town was named Bauxite, Arkansas. The ...
1
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1answer
598 views

How gold deposits can be formed in Himalayas?

I have heard that gold is found in the water coming out of glaciers in Skardu region of Pakistan. Given that this area is part of Himalaya, what processes could result into ores of gold in this area?...
1
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1answer
69 views

Mining and keeping UK minerals?

Is it legal to mine/collect and keep minerals in the UK for educational purposes? I would also like to know if there are any notable mineral deposits located in the UK midlands.
5
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2answers
171 views

What is the CI chondrite concentration of REEs/rare metals, in ppm/grams per ton?

I am researching the abundances of rare earth elements and rare metals in meteorite samples, because I want to investigate the notion that asteroids represent abundant stocks of rare resources. The ...
3
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0answers
110 views

How Common is Volcanic Tuff?

Volcanic tuff was a key material in the Roman invention of concrete, something that modern concrete, or "Portland cement", lacked. With tuff, not only would Roman concrete be waterproof, it would ...
2
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2answers
342 views

Where can I find a list of active mining claims in my area (Northern Nevada)?

I live in the Reno/Sparks area and have started rockhounding. One aspect I am quickly realizing is that many sites are actively being mined. In order to avoid running afoul of local laws, I would ...
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0answers
572 views

Mining iron or metals in nature

Upon watching all the videos from PrimitiveTechnology on Youtube, I've decided I would try something similar. I know how to make clay and use this to make an oven. I also know how to make charcoal. ...
13
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1answer
3k views

Can ultrasounds be used to map the density of large underground regions?

This question arose from a related one at Physics.SE, along with my own personal quest to better understand mineralogical prospecting. I want to know if some kind of ultrasound machine can determine ...
9
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3answers
748 views

Are there sufficient quantities of limestone to dump in the ocean to reverse acidification?

This question asked: What is the evidence it is feasible to reverse ocean acidification by adding large quantities of a base (bicarb soda)? The result was: Danny Harvey of the University of ...
11
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1answer
65 views

Canadian equivalent to AMLIS database?

I am interested in in situ coal fires. In furtherance of this, I am hoping to find a database of Canadian mine reclamation sites, complete with incident or status reports and descriptions of specific ...
8
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1answer
521 views

What is the long term impact of large scale removal of material from subterraneal caches on the structural integrity of the soil?

For example, sinkholes can be human induced: New sinkholes have been correlated to land-use practices, especially from groundwater pumping and from construction and development practices. ...
11
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1answer
184 views

How many joules are required to mine a unit of coal?

Coal is still a major source of energy for generation of electricity. So how much energy is used to extract a unit (tonne/kilogram etc) of coal? And thus what is the efficiency of coal as a source of ...
25
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4answers
2k views

Can mining trigger earthquakes?

Are earthquakes more common in mining regions than they would otherwise be? e.g. is the frequency of earthquakes in those regions different when mining is occurring than when it is not? I am ...