Questions tagged [rocks]

Questions about rock types, formation, chemistry, and physics.

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16
votes
2answers
65k views

Are the processes of the rock cycle currently in dynamic equilibrium?

The standard representation of the rock cycle usually looks like this: Does each stage of the rock cycle currently balance? That is, are the various processes in dynamic equilibrium, so that the ...
19
votes
4answers
19k views

What was the first rock in the rock cycle?

I am an undergraduate student but I am a tutor at a High School, and one student asked me. Attempting to explain the rock cycle "if one rock turns into the other then which came first" my gut is ...
6
votes
0answers
174 views

Basalt vs. columnar basalt

I recently visited a cliff on the south coast of Ulva in the Inner Hebrides where there are ~10m thick flows of columnar basalt. The columnar basalt forming most of the cliff is sandwiched between ...
1
vote
1answer
759 views

Oldest to Newest Bedrock in the USA "road trip"

I am supposed to design a road trip (using major highways) across North America. I have to design a route that starts with the oldest rock of Archean age and finishes with the youngest rock of ...
22
votes
6answers
123k views

Is there a difference between rock and stone?

I couldn't find the definitions from either source: Geology Dictionary Glossary of Geologic Terms
13
votes
1answer
641 views

Formation of limestone without living organisms?

Limestones are formed mostly from skeletal fragments of marine organisms. However, calcium carbonate dissolves naturally in water, so the living organisms are not the only source of it in water. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Does water affect radiometric dating?

When radiometric dating, would water affect the measured age of old rocks ? Specifically would water affect Uranium-238 to Lead-206 dating of Zircon crystals? Would it affect the lead since it’s ...