Questions tagged [sea-level]

Questions regarding the height of the ocean's surface.

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6
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2answers
1k views

How far upstream would severe sea level rise (1m) noticably affect a large river?

The projection for sea level rise due to global warming seem to hover about 1m by 2100, let's use this figure. How far upstream would this noticably affect a large river, e.g. the Rhine? I think it ...
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2answers
4k views

How would Earth map look like if all ice melts?

Is there somewhere a map which indicates which areas and cities become sea?
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1answer
1k views

Definitions of tidal harmonic constituents…?

Does anyone know where there is a detailed definition for tidal harmonic constituents? There is loads of stuff on $M_2$, $S_2$, $N_2$, etc. (all the common ones), but there are a great many more, some ...
5
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2answers
523 views

estimation of prehistoric sea levels

From what reference point/level are prehistorical (e.g., Precambrian era) sea levels estimated? As I understand things, the following are true: Since the formation of continents, land elevations ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Do ocean level rise estimates account for mantle elasticity and plate mass changes?

In the mainstream media the problem of ocean level rise is presented rather... over-simplistically - ice melts -> more water flows into the oceans -> water level rises -> continents sink. But it is ...
4
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1answer
208 views

If all the world's ice were to melt, would this shift the earth's centre of gravity with consequential effects on sea levels?

This question on Maths SE asked how we might calculate the effect on sea level if all the world's ice (ie including the whole Antarctic ice sheet) were to melt. I posted an answer containing ...
4
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2answers
1k views

When specifying phase and amplitude for a tidal constituent, what date/time does phase start from?

It is common to describe tidal elevations at a given location by giving the phases and amplitudes of tidal constituents. One such application is for setting the open boundary conditions for regional ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Waterlevel increase calculation

So I tried to calculate the rise of waterlevel myself. But the results I have gotten seem to be pretty low: Given the earths radius, I clalculated different Events: 1) If all landice melts there is ...
4
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1answer
324 views

Best book/s of oceanic data treatment and analysis?

I would like to purchase a/some books which are really good and practical references to get into the oceanic data (wave heights,currents and sea level) treatment and statistical analysis, coming from ...
4
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1answer
140 views

Understood cause of sea level rise between 1850 and 1950

This question is based on the following graph from a 2018 report by J. Curry. (I haven't found any peer-review of the report itself so I can't vouch for the validity of its claims, but that's not the ...
4
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1answer
82 views

What causes variation of seabed depth relative to fixed chart datum?

Please refer to this page of coastal wiki. Quoting: ...the reconstructed overall vertical position [of the seabed] with respect to a fixed chart datum may vary by more than 10 cm from survey to ...
3
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1answer
156 views

Is there enough water to cover the surface of a topographically normalized earth?

Is there enough water in the oceans, ice caps, rivers and streams to cover a completely flattened earth, in proportional to land volume and water volume?
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2answers
3k views

What is a seamount? [closed]

Per Oxford Dictionary of Earth Sciences: Seamounts are isolated, submarine mountain rising more than 1000m above the ocean floor. The sharp, crested summits of seamounts are usually 1000-2000m ...
3
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1answer
111 views

Do any rivers deposit sediment in their deltas fast enough to counteract sea level rise?

Assume a 1m per century sea level rise. Looking at a topographic map it quicly becomes clear that Bengal, the Netherlands, the lower Mississippi, South American Mesopotamia, etc will all soon be ...
3
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1answer
117 views

What was the percentage of land mass in prehistoric times when temperatures were high enough that we had no ice caps?

I grew curious after watching a presentation about the large creatures of prehistoric times. One of the theories cited about why creatures were so big was the increased oxygen in the atmosphere due to ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Beringia - history of the region, periods of sea level fall/rise - paleogeography of Pleistocene

I am trying to find any published (not wiki) source of information about how many times and when exactly the Bering Land Mass was free of water. Everything that I find is just pieces of information in ...
3
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1answer
82 views

What would be the sea level rise if all fossil fuel resources are burned?

Tokarska et al. (2016), a Nature article from a team of the University of Victoria, predicted a global temperature increase of 7±2.5°C and 17.2±2.5°C at the equator and at the poles ...
3
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1answer
268 views

Effects of pressure at sea level

According to this answer atmospheric pressure can vary between 870 and 1070 mb. Can you tell what (if any) effects would there be on sea level if such difference of pressure (200 mb) on two near ...
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0answers
82 views

Rising sea level: flooding of iconic buildings

I realize that this question may be arguably off-topic, but there doesn't seem to be a stack exchange specific to oceanography, geography, or architecture. With rising sea level in mind, how high ...
2
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2answers
567 views

Was the Earth's sea-level significantly lower in ancient times?

A lot of times, ancient artifacts or even whole ancient civilizations are found buried very deep into the ground surface of the earth. Entire civilizations that had high buildings have been found ...
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2answers
122 views

Modelling sea levels with gravitational parameters

Are there any publicly available programs or source code for modelling global (or local) changes in sea level which include parameters for gravitational tidal effects? I have a physics background, ...
2
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2answers
723 views

Estimated volume, daily or annually, of sea level rise due to melting ice?

Its a big number, difficult to estimate I assume. But is there a peer reviewed estimation (at current conditions) of the volume of daily or annual increase of water?
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1answer
5k views

How to identify low or high pressure area

If rain is due to the flow of humid air from a high pressure area to a low pressure area, without the use of devices, technology or mass media is it possible to detect regions of high or low ...
2
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1answer
754 views

How to determine ocean bottom depth for a data set consisting of longitude and latitude?

Given a data set which consists of pairs of longitudes and latitudes, is it possible to determine an estimate of the ocean bottom depth at that point? I can find maps of estimated sea depths online (...
2
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1answer
190 views

How to correct PSMSL data for GIA?

I have a PSMSL RLR (revised local reference) sea level dataset with records from various tide gauges. Can anyone explain how to correct them for GIA (glacial isostatic adjustment) using the ICE-5G ...
2
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1answer
116 views

What current evidence is there for a Glacial Hudson River Valley deluge?

Some have studied the Lake Missoula glacial dam breaking West and having created the Coulees of Eastern Washington. Who's studied the glacial dam breaking South and having cleared the Hudson River ...
2
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1answer
29 views

What is the effect of sea-level changes on the extent of the Earth's atmosphere?

If sea-levels rise, does the Earth's atmosphere extend to the same distance out to space, with the pressure increasing, or does it expand? If sea levels rose 10m, how much change would there be to ...
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0answers
182 views

How much ocean water is currently being displaced by ships?

According to Statista, as of January 2017, there are approximately 52,000 ships currently operating in the merchant fleet and 11,000 of these are considered bulk carriers. How many ships are there ...
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2answers
47 views

Data sets for historical sea level estimates

I am looking for data sets for historical global sea level estimates. How would I go about doing this the best way? Are there any publicly available resources for this? The timespan I am looking at ...
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1answer
27 views

Regional and Relative Sea level

I am a little confused by the terms "regional" and "relative" in the sea level change context. Do the two words have the same meaning? Does the "regional MSL trend" in https://www.aviso.altimetry.fr/...
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1answer
47 views

Approximation of ancient landmasses using current ocean floor data

I am wondering how accurate such an approximation would be. I wish to take a current height map of the earth (including the ocean floor) and approximate the form of ancient landmasses by changing the ...
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0answers
17 views

Are there models of mortality due to sea level increases (via climate change)?

In a self-answer of mine on Skeptics, one of the comments rightly pointed out that the model in question (from Impact Lab) does not explicitly account for mortality due to sea level changes. Are there ...
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Topography and flash flooding

I'm looking for a study or document showing the effect of the topography, slopes, the sea level and the tide on flash flooding occurrence. Thanks in advance
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2answers
296 views

A guide to how climate change will affect different countries [closed]

Let's assume that the climate change won't be prevented. I'm looking for a guide to show how the climate change will affect different countries. Specifically, I'm interested in comparing following ...
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1answer
652 views

Hypothetically, would digging a big trench from the ocean and flooding desert areas be a bad solution to combatting sea level rise? [duplicate]

My question is basically the title. Ignoring most of the feasibility of the enormous engineering and earthmoving requirements (I guess I mean to say, given an unlimited budget) in very hot areas, ...
0
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1answer
78 views

Migration Routes for Animals from Asia to America [closed]

The jaguar is a close relative of the Asiatic leopard and must have had a common ancestor within the last 5 million years. The South American tapir is obviously closely related to the Malayan tapir ...
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0answers
57 views

Changes in rainfalls, sea level and tropical cyclones

Is there any scientific evidence that exploitation of natural resources (fossil energies, forests etc.) affects rainfalls or sea level, which can represent extreme events? I read IPCC 2014 report and ...