Questions tagged [stratosphere]

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2
votes
1answer
95 views

Stratosphere height vs. Temperature based on ozone concentration

Why does temperature increase as height increases in the stratosphere (15 km - 60 km above earth), when the ozone molecules are most concentrated at about 25 km?
4
votes
0answers
39 views

Would there have been a stratosphere in the Archean before the Great Oxygenation Event?

In today's world the presence of ozone in the stratosphere is the reason for the stratospheric temperature inversion which keeps a lid on the troposphere. But before the Great Oxygenation Event there ...
0
votes
2answers
462 views

Other than the South Pole where is the windless place on Earth?

For this other question "Would this chambered cylinder be possible", preferably near the equator where is a calmest place from the troposphere to the stratosphere where is the windless place one Earth ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

How does the air-circulation in the lower stratosphere look like?

I would like to simulate the trajectory of a weather balloon in an altitude of 12 to 20 km. For this I would like to know how the velocity-field (i.e. wind-speed and direction as a function of ...
11
votes
2answers
693 views

How does the influence of clouds on climate vary with height?

It is generally assumed that clouds affect climate by reflecting sunlight back to space and therefore decreasing the total warming of the Earth. However, stratospheric ice clouds are said to have a ...
7
votes
1answer
143 views

Strangely bright morning twilight over Switzerland

Yesterday morning (04.11.2014) I woke up at 6:40 as usual and noticed that it was relatively bright out. I had a better look around 7 and concluded that it was definitely quite a bit brighter than it ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

How do tropopause folds form and do they have any impact on synoptic scale weather?

What is the process that creates a tropopause fold? Do these features have any significant impact(s) on weather patterns or the atmosphere?