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Temperature is an objective measure of hot and cold, typically measured by a thermometer.

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Could further oil drilling remove an insulation layer of the Earth cores heat? [duplicate]

Putting aside burning fossil fuels, what are the consequences of another 100 years of drilling deeper and deeper to extract oil reserves globally? Would this significant extraction remove an ...
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1answer
30 views

What was the percentage of land mass in prehistoric times when temperatures were high enough that we had no ice caps?

I grew curious after watching a presentation about the large creatures of prehistoric times. One of the theories cited about why creatures were so big was the increased oxygen in the atmosphere due to ...
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2answers
81 views

What if we detonated the entire worlds nuclear supply in the center of the earth? [closed]

What would the effects of detonating every single nuclear bomb currently in existence at once in the center of the earth? Would the earth simply explode into bits? Would the heat have some sort of ...
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1answer
83 views

Where on Earth has the least changing temperature? [closed]

Is there a map that shows places where the temperature changes the least season to season? Is there a place on Earth where the temperature is the most constant in a comfortable range?
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66 views

Debunking weather conspiracy with statistics - why does temperature rise then fall for last weekend in June in recent years

I have a conspiracy-prone friend who believes that people are controlling the weather to ensure good weather for a large, annual festival (last weekend in June in San Francisco). As a scientist, (not ...
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20 views

What method would be used to estimate a wind-chill temperature in U.S. 1969?

This question is inspired by the book Minus 148 Degrees, which is a true story about a group of mountaineers that got stuck at a high elevation on Denali during a storm and survived 6 days in what is ...
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1answer
23 views

How closely related is surface air temperature to pressure?

Obviously with a given mass and volume of air, pressure is directly proportional to temperature. However, I would expect the total mass of air within a column of atmosphere to vary over time, due to ...
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1answer
34 views

Creating regular grid for my data? [closed]

I have daily spatiotemporal data with covariates at 10 different locations. My question is is it possible to convert my data into a grid format?
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1answer
43 views

Formula for rising temperatures

I'm looking to extrapolate rising temperatures based on the increasing CO2 levels. From this article: CO2 in 2050, with the following formula used to extrapolate the CO2 levels: $CO_2\ level = 280 \...
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0answers
25 views

Does the extension of the absorption line of $\text{CO}_2$ with temperature play a role in the climate change?

I've read not long ago that the absorption line of the $\text{CO}_2$ becomes larger with temperature thanks to Doppler effect (if it's false it would be great to tell me). My question is the following:...
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1answer
25 views

monthly temperatue by state

I am trying to find out monthly average temperature and average rainfall for states of USA from 2015 to 2017. To my surprise I am not able to find it anywhere. Please help. I could find this link - ...
4
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1answer
37 views

Airports with longest continuous temperature records

Does anyone have a resource on what airports (or other recording stations) have been recording temperature continuously (daily) for quite a while? I remember reading that some back to the 1910s/1920s,...
4
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2answers
126 views

How Hot was the Oligocene?

When studying the paleoenvironment of the Oligocene epoch, a period in Earth's history spanning from 34 to 23 million years ago, I had a really hard time understanding what the climate was like in ...
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0answers
44 views

Global Land and Sea Surface Temperature Data

We are a spin-off from TU Munich and currently working on equipping a CubeSat with a thermal imager. The imager should be able to acquire thermal/ir images with resolution of about 200m/px. In the ...
6
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1answer
70 views

Is there a formula that gives the temperature of an object or person exposed to the sun?

It is well known that temperature sensors are often shaded, partially to mitigate the variability due to varying cloud cover. However, most people experience temperature within the sunlight. Other ...
7
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1answer
142 views

Are we now and/or have we been in the RCP8.5 scenario?

Is it generally understood that we (globally) have been living in an RCP8.5 scenario over the past 7-8 years? Such that a predictive climate model using RCP8.5 assumptions that was run circa 2011 can ...
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2answers
46 views

Is there less precipitation (rain/snow) in cold weather than in warm weather?

To me it seems that there is a lot less precipitation when temperatures go below -5°C (23°F). Is there any evidence for that? Could this be a local phenomenon (I live in Germany)? What could be the ...
4
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1answer
180 views

How would I use data to find specific humidity and mixing ratio?

I keep reviewing this table to compare and contrast my results: The parcel of air is at 35°C and a relative humidity of 43%. I used this online calculator and it stated that with these two factors ...
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1answer
103 views

Where did the daily temperature variation go?

Currently central and northern Europe are experiencing a very cold, false-spring like weather phenomenon. When i look at local weather charts, the daily temperature cycle seems to be completely gone, ...
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1answer
54 views

How much warming there was over time for a specific month?

I'm calculating warming trends in specific places and periods of time, that are related to the time a migratory bird spends in a stopover. But using different methods I got different results and I'm ...
7
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1answer
63 views

In the past, why did the levels of individual greenhouse gases rise and fall at the same time?

According to ice core samples from Vostok in Antarctica, methane and carbon dioxide levels seem to have risen and fallen at around the same time over a 450 thousand year period. I was unable to find ...
3
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0answers
22 views

What 3-day smoke forecasts are height-resolved?

In order to accurately perform weather forecasts during large wildfire events, weather models must include the smoke. Smoke reflects sunlight back to space, decreasing the light absorbed by the ...
5
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1answer
55 views

Satellite ocean near-surface air temperature data

For my study, I need to use satellite Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and at the same time I also need satellite air temperature data (Ta) for the first few meters above the ocean. For SST I'll be ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Are pumps used in geothermal systems?

The water held underground in a geothermal system is under high temperature and pressure. Are pumps used to raise the very hot underground water to the surface or does the water rise under its own ...
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0answers
36 views

Which geothermal power plant type is most effecient? [closed]

There are three geothermal systems that are commonly used: dry steam, flash steam, and binary cycle[1]. What are the efficiencies of the plants from best to least efficient? I did a moderate amount ...
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6answers
7k views

Does human body temperature impact climate change?

The human body temperature is about 37 °C (99 °F), so as the population increases does this cause the Earth's temperature to rise?
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0answers
85 views

How do we calculate an average temperature for the air above a specific point from weather data?

I'm doing a school project on cosmic rays (using data from the HiSPARC database), and we need to be able to calculate the average temperature of the atmosphere above specific cities on a specific date ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Why does the intensity of sunlight depend on your latitude? [duplicate]

People at the equator get to bask in more sunlight than Santa Clause and other inhabitants of the arctic regions. Not quite as pronounced, but they get more than me too. Why is the sunlight more ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Where is the hot air for Australia's record spring heatwave coming from?

Spring/September temperature records on Australia's East coast are set to tumble in the coming days, due to a heatwave, as described here. So the hot air is being pulled from the interior of the ...
5
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2answers
626 views

Do hurricanes cool the Earth?

I noticed that heat drops in the surrounding area even out side the hurricane. Is the heat converted into kinetic energy? Could the shape of the hurricanes reflect sunlight? Do they create more ...
2
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0answers
32 views

How to handle leap years when working with environmental conditions time series?

I have a time series of snow and temperature and I want to analyze changes over time for a specific period of time: 15 April - 15 June. In the perpetual calendar April 15 is the day 105 and in a leap ...
2
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0answers
271 views

Interpolation and extrapolation of unstructured data in python: memory error

I have 3 arrays, for longitude, latitude and temperature (so the observations are scattered in space). I want to apply interpolation on these data, but also extrapolation. I 've written the code beow, ...
6
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2answers
937 views

How can we calculate the temperature of the atmosphere, including the greenhouse effect?

I've been struggling to find equations that express how many degrees of warming greenhouse gases contribute, given the composition of an atmosphere (and solar insolation). What I did find was the ...
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3answers
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How to interpolate scattered data to a regular grid in Python?

I have three txt files for longitude, latitude and temperature (or let's say three lists lon, lat, temp) from scattered weather station in the UK. I would like firstly to interpolate these data in ...
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1answer
47 views

Why has the average low for the hottest months in Clearwater Florida about 5 degrees higher than the historical average?

Look up Clearwater Florida on Wikipedia and it gives you the average low for the Months of July and August as being 74.2F. About 3-4 years ago I picked up running as a main hobby and the temperature ...
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2answers
1k views

Could this study “totally dismantle” Global Warming claims?

Could this study "totally dismantle" Global Warming claims? That's the assertion made in the article ‘Bombshell’ climate-change study could totally dismantle the claim humans are causing global ...
4
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1answer
167 views

Difference in surface temperature between the Northwest Atlantic and Northeast Atlantic

Why is the surface waters in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean colder than the surface waters of the Northeast Atlantic Ocean?
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5answers
269 views

Why does relative humidity seem to correlate with high temperature (at least where I live)?

I live in New Jersey. Now that summer is coming on us, temperatures and outdoor relative humidity are both increasing. I've noticed the few years that I've lived here that there seems to be a rough ...
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0answers
127 views

What are the advantages of analyzing temperature in Kelvin?

I have air temperature data from reanalysis that I want to analyze. The reanalysis data is in Kelvin, so I'm wondering why they use Kelvin. Is there any advantage or difference in analyzing ...
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0answers
88 views

What are alternatives of using raw temperature data?

In which other ways can I use raw temperature data to analyze the correlation between different habitats(i.e., stopovers) used by a bird during its migration? For example I can use the temperature ...
3
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0answers
43 views

How can I analyze how environmental conditions are related among different sites?

I want to analyze how the environmental conditions along the migratory route of a bird are related to the environmental conditions found at the breeding ground (which it is at high latitudes and we ...
4
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1answer
79 views

ISA Model and GFS data

I have a newbie question... I always used the International Standard Atmosphere model whenever I needed to calculate the temperature in a given altitude. It always looked accurate to me... However,...
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1answer
82 views

Modified blackbody model of earth. What is wrong with it? [closed]

I have made a modified blackbody model that predict earth temperature distribution with high accuracy. It doesn´t include mass or gases. It is based on the initial thought that all energy above ...
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1answer
85 views

Is the work “The photochemical origin of life” ,by A.Dauvillier, in line of principle still valid today? [closed]

Dauvillier, through his studies, demonstrate that a rise of 2 degrees, of the average temperature of the planet represents a point of no return, beyond which an irreversible process would trigger, ...
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1answer
82 views

How to design an experiment to quantify back radiation from atmospheric carbon dioxide?

Based on our current knowledge of CO$_2$ and current instrumental techniques, how big would a laboratory sample of air with 400ppm of CO$_2$ need to be in order to quantify the back radiation from CO$...
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2answers
641 views

If the earth is a globe, what causes temperature differences across lines of latitude?

If the earth is a globe and the sun is 93 million miles away, why is the equator the hottest place on earth? In terms of distances to the sun, the distance to the equator is almost equal to that as ...
3
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2answers
3k views

Is winter hotter at the Equator?

I live in the Northern Emisphere. One of the things I have been taught when I was in high school is that winter is colder than summer because in that season we're at an unfavorable angle and nights ...
8
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1answer
129 views

Do humans cause a DST-related shift in average daily temperatures?

Inspired by the title to this question, is there a shift in average daily temperatures caused by the DST change in human activities? I can picture any number of mechanisms by which a shift could ...
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1answer
1k views

Are average daily temperatures affected by DST?

To calculate the average daily temperatures, do meteo professionals still use the Mannheim procedure with twice weighted measurement in the evening? (It could be obsolete by automated weather stations....
9
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1answer
2k views

What is the temperature of the flowing water in icy river?

Boundaries of the question: The question is about rivers where water flows in cold area of the earth. Whether it's because of the winter or it's simply cold all year long. Usually, the top layer of ...