Questions tagged [water]

For questions relating to the liquid phase of water (H₂O), specifically its structure, properties, and uses in meteorology and Earth Science.

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8
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1answer
69 views

Where to find reliable water temperature?

I need data regarding water temperature of Mediterranean Sea according to changes in depth. I couldn't find these data in the Copernicus Marine website, so I'd like to know if you know of any database ...
5
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1answer
77 views

How is weather formation prevented in the stratosphere?

Water diffuses from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. By that principle, I would expect water from the troposphere to diffuse into the stratosphere, where water content ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Water flows under the headwater and soil liquefaction has formed

A retaining wall 40 cm thick with variable height (thin-walled corner) is being built in the mountainous area. At the time of the geotechnical survey and design, there was no reservoir next to the ...
4
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1answer
62 views

Why are waterspouts less powerful than tornadoes?

It's often said that waterspouts are weaker than tornadoes, but after some quick searches on the internet, I haven't been able to figure out why that is. Two relevant sources that I've found: This ...
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0answers
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How to Distribute Soil moisture output of Thornthwaite and Mather (1954) Soil Water Balance Model into different layers?

in Thornthwaite & Mather (1954) Soil Water Balance Approach The soil moisture output is generated for the whole soil profile, i.e whatever depth we take for the ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Does water affect radiometric dating?

When radiometric dating, would water affect the measured age of old rocks ? Specifically would water affect Uranium-238 to Lead-206 dating of Zircon crystals? Would it affect the lead since it’s ...
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0answers
35 views

DSWI brief description

What is the brief description of Disease Stress Water Index (DSWI)? According to the link, it has been defined as to detect water-stressed crops at a canopy level. I am looking for a bit more ...
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6answers
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While desalinating ocean water, would it be bad if we didn't pump the brine back into the ocean?

Desalinating ocean water takes seawater, separates the fresh water from the brine, and usually pumps the brine back into the ocean. But what if we didn't pump the brine back into the ocean? (For ...
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3answers
71 views

Hypothetical: Can we rehabilitate arid/desert landscapes through the artificial precipitation from exhausts of hydrogen powered airplanes?

Note: I know this question sounds fit for aviation stack exchange, but other aspects of this question like cloud formation, atmospheric behavior, precipitation and overall water cycle can be better ...
2
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0answers
33 views

What is the environmental effect of personal protective equipment on the ocean?

What is the environmental impact of masks and other personal protective equipment polluting the oceans? The world is using billions of masks and gloves due to the COVID pandemic and they are being ...
3
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0answers
85 views

What is the maximum size that a drop of rainwater can reach?

This USGS article: "Raindrops are Different Sizes" assures: We can call the growing droplet a raindrop as soon as it reaches the size of 0.5mm in diameter or bigger. If it gets any larger ...
6
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2answers
184 views

Why should there not be water deep (e.g. below 6 kms) in the Earth's crust?

In 1970, the USSR began drilling at the Kola Super-deep Borehole. The target depth was 15,000 meters; The stated areas of study were the deep structure of the Baltic Shield, seismic discontinuities ...
3
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1answer
67 views

What was the size of the Aral sea in year 1000 CE?

I understand that since the rise of the Soviet Union the Aral sea has dried up more and more due to irrigation from rivers diverting its water to other areas for the sake of agriculture. But is it ...
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0answers
24 views

Discharge waste water - content allowed, most strict, universal rule set

Where can I find non-country specific, general or most strict set of rules that would pass in most countries, about allowed content of waste water that is allowed to be released into the environment, ...
-2
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1answer
61 views

Can air be slowed down by Fricton? [closed]

Can wind/air that is moving at average speeds be slowed down by the cause of Friction? Also, Can Air bubbles in water be slowed down because of Friction? Please cite your sources.
4
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3answers
580 views

Why are January and February the coldest months although 21 December is the shortest day? [duplicate]

My question deals with the northern hemisphere only, obviously. It seems to me that January and February are the coldest months of the year. Water temperature is even more 'retarded': the seas are ...
2
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2answers
80 views

Would ultrasound be a valid method of mapping ocean floors given the perceived "gel" is ocean water?

I am a scuba diver, with a big idea that would require me to map various dive sites as I went to them and dove in them. The typical size and other implications of sonar technology would essentially ...
2
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0answers
42 views

As small streams freeze solid, how can big rivers continue to carry water?

In areas of very cold temperatures (-20°C and below), it is not uncommon for small streams to freeze completely (as in, from top to bottom) and larger rivers to develop thick ice covers. However, ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Is VLF-EM scanning for fractures a valid way to find groundwater for a well?

I posted this question on Engineering Stack Exchange as well. I'm not sure if here or there is the better place. There is no agriculture stack exchange (much as I wish there was) so I am posting there ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Why has the Earth's average sea level risen 'only' by nine inches after one degree C increase in temperature?

I am only doing gross calculations here, but... If the Earth has warmed by about one degree Celsius in the last century or so, and the thermal expansion coefficient of water is about .0002085, then ...
3
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0answers
86 views

Did the Three Gorges Dam shift the North Pole by 2 cm?

Numerous sources repeat that, apart from slowing down the rotation of the globe, the Three Gorges Dam caused the geographic pole to shift by 2 cm. For example: https://blog.prv-engineering.co.uk/...
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2answers
125 views

Could saltwater be useful for greening deserts and sequestering CO2?

Desert greening is the conversion of deserts into moister environments with more vegetation. This could be used to combat desertification and (by sequestering CO2) climate change, and also to increase ...
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41 views

Does science suggest Venus would resume plate tectonics if surface water were somehow reintroduced and rotation sped up? [closed]

Assume that we're talking about a terraformed Venus with an Earth-like atmosphere so no risk of the water simply boiling away before being allowed to permeate the lithosphere. Does this meet the ...
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1answer
26 views

Is there a conventional list of pollutants to consider for calculations? Or an updating one even?

In researching economic damage from various pollutants, I often find that it's very random sources that inform me of various pollutants I need to be mindful of in calculations. Is there any kind of ...
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2answers
111 views

Self-sustaining aquarium in a jar?

I've seen some videos of people scooping up some water from a natural body of it, adding some sand and a few plants, and soon enough, they have a (near) self-sustaining aquarium. I've always wanted to ...
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0answers
118 views

Why would a rincon provide more reliable water? [closed]

I am reading a book that argues that the Ancestral Puebloans settled along the rincons, or nooks, along the canyon walls, because that was where water was reliable. I can't understand the argument, as ...
4
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1answer
116 views

How do mountain springs get their water?

I am curious how do mountain springs get their water. The water flowing from them eventually forms rivers. Is it only from rain and snow? Or does water also come from underground-below the mountain (...
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3answers
9k views

Antarctic and arctic meltwater is "bad" because it's dark, but why is transparent liquid on white stuff so dark?

The Washington Post's Antarctic heat wave melted 20 percent of an island’s snow cover in days, caused melt ponds to proliferate includes the figure below of meltwater ponds on top of snow/ice. The ...
3
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1answer
72 views

If the top layer of a large river freezes, is the remainder's rate of flow affected?

This question is a hypothetical, and has to do with the notion of cheap, modular turbines that can be sunk and anchored to a specific depth in a body of water. Each would not generate much power, but ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Could pumping ocean water into desert areas help reduce sea level rise?

I have been reading the discussion about pumping sea water into the desert for purposes of irrigation and changing the dry climate of that area, but what about to just purely offset the rising sea ...
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1answer
88 views

Increase Evaporation from oceans

I would like to ask you about evaporation from sea water. Can you increase evaporation by spraying seawater to the air? Is there any difference compared to freshwater spraying (aerosol particles)?
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1answer
84 views

Tidal flow in an estuary

I am working on a project. Where this bacteria has been deposited at a port in the Humber Estuary. Where it has been deposited has been marked in red. I am trying to work out the limits of where this ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Natural Raw Water [closed]

I have been drinking natural unfiltered raw water straight from rivers, streams, springs and ponds and I haven’t ever gotten sick from it. I strongly believe and know it in my heart that water from ...
2
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3answers
76 views

Why is reverse osmosis desalination the dominant method used and not heat-based methods? Also why is brine being dumped back into the ocean? [closed]

So I was recently watching this video regarding desalination efforts around the world and the viability of desalination as a means to provide humans with freshwater. I had a few questions: 1 - They ...
6
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2answers
128 views

Ground water is almost every where, then how do mines and other holes are digged so that ground water doesn't drain into it

Water finds it way to the lowest point because of gravity. So if we dig a mine or something same, then how we take ground water in account, so that it doesn't fill in.
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11answers
14k views

Why does the salt in the oceans not sink to the bottom?

This is something that just occurred to me. If heavier elements sink, then how can the entire ocean be salty? Shouldn't the 'salt', because of its density, all sink to the bottom of the ocean? In ...
0
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1answer
50 views

If gypsum turns into plaster around 210 F, is there any natural plaster deposits or formations out there?

For a while I have been working with gypsum I mined from a site in Utah, and I realized how low the temperature is to turn it into plaster, so I was wandering; has there ever been any cases of large ...
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1answer
98 views

How does one scientifically define drinkable water? [closed]

Honestly I think nobody's invented a good water desalination device because nobody knows the scientific definition of clean drinking water. So scientifically, what is the definition of clean fresh ...
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1answer
79 views

A pipeline from the ocean to the desert causing a climate change for a drout in california a good idea? [duplicate]

If I already had a crew that built a pipe line in california from the ocean to the sahara how long would it take to wet the dry lands with rain water and what kind of weather or cliamate change would ...
3
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1answer
240 views

How much energy would be required to actively reduce the temperature of the oceans of Earth by 1℃?

Is there a way to calculate the energy required to reduce the heat of oceans? Am I wrong in thinking it is not as simple as reversing the calculation for specific heat of sea water?
5
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1answer
68 views

How can flood inundation vary at the same river stage?

I've always thought that river flooding would always be the same at the same river stage. For example, if the river stage is at 20' flooding at location "x" would always be at the same depth. ...
2
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1answer
110 views

At what point are water droplets too small to make a rainbow?

This question asks How to tell if fog is made out of water droplets or ice crystals? I know that ice fog makes a rainbow where fog does not. Ice crystals aside: How does the water droplet size ...
1
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1answer
796 views

How much water gets consumed by residential use versus all other uses?

I have read different statistics on residential water use. One EPA chart I saw had residential use of water taking up half of all water, which seems unbelievable to me. Another writer claimed that ...
8
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1answer
164 views

Is water actually blue or is it transparent?

This is my first post on StackExchange and I would like to ask a question: Is water actually blue or is that just the reflection of the sky?
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0answers
221 views

Is there an approximate rate for water temperature by depth that could be modeled simply?

I know that there are a couple of questions covering latitude and longitude for water temperature, but overall I'm more interested in the rate of temperature change by depth. Thought Process: ...
14
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3answers
11k views

Would oceans regenerate if removed?

On Earth, there is enough Hydrogen and Oxygen to make 13,88 million km$^3$ of water (calculation below). However, oceans contain only a tenth of that. Clearly, most of the hydrogen must be stored in ...
2
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1answer
80 views

How is phosphorus getting into lakes and rivers?

Apparently there is so much phosphorus in waste water streams that states are passing laws to exempt water treatment facilities from having to spend billions removing the phosphorus. I don't get this....
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1answer
111 views

Glowing Orange lakes seen from airplane at night

I recently observed a phenomenon during a nighttime flight over upper Midwest of USA-specifically over Marquette, MI. In what is a lightly populated area, I observed several very large rectangular ...
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3answers
3k views

How is it possible to use up the water in a region?

The Dead Sea, rivers in California and the Aral Sea are said to be shrinking due to water usage, e.g. for agriculture. Yet the water must go somewhere. After the fields are irrigated, the water ...
4
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0answers
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Are there places with water hardness between 30 dGH and 50 dGH?

In the manual of my new dishwasher there is a table of values of water hardness. It goes until 50 dGH (degrees of general hardness) which corresponds to 9,0 mmol/l in the same table. From wikipedia: ...