Questions tagged [wind]

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4
votes
1answer
105 views

Can we extrapolate wind speed data to higher altitudes?

I have some data (GRIB layers) about wind components u and v, which I would like to use to estimate wind magnitude and direction. But the model says it is for 10 m altitude. Is there a way to ...
7
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2answers
6k views

What is the definition of wind gust?

I'm currently building a weather station from scratch. It measures temperature, pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction. The end result shall be a weather station that sends out METAR weather ...
4
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1answer
103 views

The grains of the parabolic dunes

My text book says that parabolic dunes consist of consolidated limestone grains, but I wondered if they have sand grains too, so I googled this issue and found that they consist of sands, but I am ...
5
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1answer
71 views

How do these cloud forms grow?

What conditions would cause these windswept clouds at sunset in Michigan? Do these cloud forms have a name?
2
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0answers
337 views

Do U & V vectors differ depending on GRIB layers (wind vs current)?

Essentially I would like to know how current direction "DIR C" and wind direction "WDIR" for gribs is computed. I'm trying to compute some angles from u and v vectors in grib files. My understanding ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Wind direction data

I'm trying to validate some work I've been doing on extracting wind direction measurements from data. Where can I access historical wind direction data online that gives ~hourly measurements? ...
4
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3answers
5k views

Is it less windy in a valley than on a hill?

Assume we have a mountain landscape without trees. Would it be less windy in a valley than on a hill, or would the wind just be the same? Or in other words, which of the two images below describe ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate w-wind?

My model (AGCM) does not compute w-wind (the vertical component of the wind velocity). However, I do have the following available variables from AGCM output: ...
2
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1answer
5k views

How to identify low or high pressure area

If rain is due to the flow of humid air from a high pressure area to a low pressure area, without the use of devices, technology or mass media is it possible to detect regions of high or low ...
0
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2answers
523 views

Other than the South Pole where is the windless place on Earth?

For this other question "Would this chambered cylinder be possible", preferably near the equator where is a calmest place from the troposphere to the stratosphere where is the windless place one Earth ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Why is the Atlantic anticyclone an area of high pressure if it's the warmest spot on the planet?

I am taking a navigational course and part of it is about meteorology. There is one thing which is, although obvious, quite hard for me to grasp. Looking at a global weather map like this: https://...
1
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1answer
85 views

Wind speed, precipitation, extreme daily precipitation

I am trying to figure out what type of precipitation lifting mechanism occurs in a area that is unknown but I know some facts about the climate. So I know that there are 4 precipitation lifting ...
2
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1answer
211 views

Determing whether an area is Inland or Coastal

I have determined an area to be along the coastline just from looking at its climagraph. Its temperatures only range from -10 to 21 so there is not a large range of temperatures because it is being ...
5
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2answers
4k views

What is (negative) wind stress curl?

I'm currently doing research for a paper in school where we need to research on a university-like level. When I read the paper Causes and impacts of the 2014 warm anomaly in the NE Pacific, I found ...
4
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3answers
234 views

Why would Earth have stable weather patterns if it stopped spinning and vigorous weather if it had a much faster rotation?

According to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH3bmG-KjvU, Earth would have stable weather patterns after it stopped spinning and according to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHwLopLUrB8, Earth would ...
4
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2answers
666 views

Is wind just mainly nitrogen particles moving in one direction?

The air is composed of mainly nitrogen. Therefore, when you feel wind, is it mainly nitrogen particles hitting you that, on average, are moving in one direction?
-2
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between w-wind, vertical p-velocity and Omega?

I am wondering the difference between w-wind, vertical p-velocity and Omega. I understand that all represents the vertical profile of Wind, but then why do we use these three different terms?
7
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1answer
3k views

Why does wind blow offshore in the morning?

I live in San Diego, CA, and surfers capitalize on dawn hours because the offshore (seaward) winds help "hold up" the waves, i.e. prevent them from crashing before the surfer gets to ride it a while. ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

How does vertical wind change over time?

My question is about how vertical component of wind may change over time; in particular, as I am interested in simulating the effect of vertical wind on flight mechanics, I'd like to know whether I ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Is there a concise industry standard way of displaying wind speed, gust and direction?

I'm writing a smart-watch watch-face app with weather details. Since it's on a 1"x1" screen, I'm trying to keep all information as compact as possible. I'm using open weather map for my testing, and ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

CFSR hourly surface wind time series

I am looking for hourly surface wind reanalysis data for the past two years. I am looking at the CFSR/CFSv2 data accessible from UCAR: http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds094.1 The 6-hourly products are "...
7
votes
2answers
780 views

Long-term Wind Speed Forecasting: reality or wishful thinking?

I have been studying/working with Wind Energy for a while and, one of my main responsabilities right now is to search for adequate long-term wind speed forecasting models. However, 2 things strike me ...
2
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1answer
105 views

How are wind speeds typically distributed?

What probability distribution do wind speed measurements typically follow? I have seen a Weibull distribution used, but the page was a bit lacking on background information so I would appreciate ...
3
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2answers
109 views

How does the air-circulation in the lower stratosphere look like?

I would like to simulate the trajectory of a weather balloon in an altitude of 12 to 20 km. For this I would like to know how the velocity-field (i.e. wind-speed and direction as a function of ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Help interpreting a wind rose diagram

Can someone comment on technical explanation of the wind rose attached? I can understand the wind is blowing between WNW & SSW with speed of 7-11 km/h. For frequency of 11-16 km/h its blowing ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Where can I get archived hourly wind speed data for Germany?

Can some one suggest me a web site for archived hourly wind data for Germany. I have seen here but it was not useful for me.
12
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4answers
1k views

Plotting the wind direction in 3D?

How can I plot the wind direction in 3D, using the 3 wind vectors u, v and w? Normally, I ...
3
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1answer
633 views

How do weather services measure wind

I'm curious to know where commercial weather services like the Weather Channel and Weather Underground get their wind speed and direction measurements, to produce maps like this one (http://www....
5
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2answers
420 views

About an alternative type of wind energy facility

Many people seem to complain about large wind farms. Instead of all that, there are many cities with all their tall buildings that actually 'magnify' the wind or augment it. Even corridors through a ...
3
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1answer
96 views

The effect of buildings on frost

I have see this morning this curious garden where one part was covered with frost while the other was frost free. Question 1: What are the factor that play a role in this configuration? My guess ...
7
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2answers
987 views

How do I represent wind direction on a UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) map projection?

What does it mean when I say "the wind direction is 50o" on a UTM map? Which direction is the 0o reference? For example, if I draw a wind vector V as seen in the ...
12
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1answer
5k views

Plotting wind barbs in python

I'm trying to plot wind barbs in basemap and I have two separate netCDF files. Here is what I am trying to produce, or something like it: How do I read a uwnd variable in a netCDF file in python? <...
4
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2answers
247 views

How is there enough $\ce{O2}$ in the atmosphere to breathe if you are in a desert with no plants?

Humans depend on $\ce{O2}$ for breathing. The source of $\ce{O2}$ is photosynthesis by plants or cyanobacteria in the ocean. How is it, that when people travel through deserts or the Arctic / ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Are oceans a major factor in creating high winds on a planet?

This question only pertains to oceans of water and how much they account for the process of creating high winds on a planet with any type of atmosphere.
6
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3answers
1k views

Would there still be wind if Earth had no water?

If there was no water on the earth would there still be wind? If the planet was basically a desert from pole to pole, east to west, would the wind still blow? I understand that wind is a result of a ...
3
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1answer
424 views

Website that contains the maps of atmospheric pressure and wind speeds

Is there a website that contains the maps of atmospheric pressure and wind speeds for specific climatic events such as hurricanes day after day ?
6
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0answers
78 views

Spatial variability in ocean surface winds

For the near-surface winds over the ocean, many model products and satellite footprints have spatial resolutions on the order of tens of kilometers. I'm interested in knowing how much the winds (both ...
18
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2answers
574 views

Is this ice cover real - and what circumstances are required to make it?

The title says it all... I assume it requires very slow freezing sheltered from the wind. Undercooled water, maybe? A Reddit thread talks about Delaunay triangulation, but that does not explain how ...
11
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3answers
335 views

Wind profile below the aerodynamic roughness length

The vertical profile of horizontal windspeed is often given by the so-called "log-law": $$u(z)=(u^*/k)\ln(z/z_0),\ \mathrm{for}\ z>z_0,$$ which can be found here. As can be seen from the ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Why do certain areas on Earth have a higher or lower air pressure at sea level?

For instance, looking at this map of world air pressure in January and this map of July, why do some land surfaces have a higher pressure during the winter? I know that the tropics and Coriolis ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Intuitive definition of the Monin-Obukhov length?

The Monin-Obukhov length (L) is defined as: $$L = - \frac{\rho C_p T_v u^3_*}{kgH}$$ where $\rho$=moist air density; $C_p$=air specific heat capacity; $T_v$=virtual temperature; $u^3_*$=wind ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Does “wind” include the air molecules involved, or merely the kinetic energy?

This question is about a riddle in which the statement "I am weightless" was made, and the answer was "wind". I want to know, by definition, does the wind include the air being moved, and thus have a ...
13
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1answer
5k views

What is the difference between roughness length and zero plane displacement?

Both roughness length $z_0$ and zero plane displacement $d$ seemed to be defined as the height above the ground at which wind speed theoretically becomes zero. But wind speed is also supposed to go to ...
10
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1answer
91 views

Does within-canopy wind direction correlate with wind above the planetary bounday layer?

Wind above the planetary boundary layer (PBL) tends to be fairly smooth and constant over short periods of time. Below the planetary boundary layer, the smoothness is broken by eddies caused by ...
17
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3answers
23k views

Why does the Inter tropical Convergence Zone shift?

I am currently learning at school about the climatic conditions (mainly winds, difference in pressure, Coriolis effect, etc.) that cause and affect the monsoons received by India. One of the factors ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Why is ocean surface velocity around 3% of wind velocity?

Many introductory level textbooks suggest that, as a rule of thumb, the velocity of the ocean surface is around 3% the wind velocity at 10 meters above the sea surface. For instance, Ocean ...
8
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1answer
135 views

Why does air seem to affect local surface temperatures so much?

Last winter, several areas in the US and Canada were hit by a "polar vortex." I happen to live in one of those areas and was amazed how much the temperature seemed to change so suddenly just because a ...
5
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1answer
586 views

How to determine that sustained wind speed exceeded the threshold value?

Certain maritime ports and airports have ranges of operation relation to the wind, usually according to a given threshold value of sustained wind speed. If I have the instantaneous values from ...
26
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4answers
4k views

Could the extraction of energy by wind turbines be harmful to the environment?

Wind turbines work by converting some of the energy from wind to electrical energy. Is it possible to have too many turbines, leading to them removing too much energy from the wind? I'm not an ...
14
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2answers
941 views

How can odor travel be tracked

Odd question, but what data would be needed to to calculate how far winds will carry a strong odor (such as the smells of a restaurant, pizza parlor or burning wood/building? There is wind direction ...