All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
42 views

How large is the area covered by coordinates XX°YY'ZZ“N/XX°YY'ZZ”E?

As stated in the title, I wonder how large the area covered by certain coordinates actually is, when they have the accuracy XX°YY'ZZ", for example: ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Reflected radiation from increased CO2 : how was this calculated

The IPCC claims that the reflected radiation from incresaed CO2 heats the Earth at a rate of 5 W m-2. How did the contributing researchers came out with that result?
3
votes
0answers
34 views

History of the Arctic Ocean

Much of the Arctic Ocean is fairly shallow compared to other oceans. There must have been times in the past during severe ice ages that a lot of what is now the ocean bed was above sea level. When was ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

How to check the recurrence intervall of heavy rain events

Heavy rain or flood events have recurrence intervalls. I.e. 100 year, 50 year or 25 year events. However, with increasing data and global warming and other factors these intervalls change. How can I ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Conditions of Thunderstorms

Why do some heavy rainstorms and hailstorms not produce any lightning or thunder at all when I thought that these conditions of heavy rain and hail are right to bring lightning and thunder but don’t ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Sandstone Layer Question

I have been exploring the sandstone of southern Utah for many years and I have a question about the area around Sidestep Canyon (near Wahweap, near Page, AZ). There are many amazing hoodoos there and ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Result of floating-iron-balls in the mid-pacific?

I had an idea to make green islands from mid-pacific plastic: Release a million tons of floating iron balls there, which will stay in the same regions as the plastic and hopefully cause a veritable ...
-1
votes
0answers
15 views

Help me to calculate Critical Success Index (CSI) to compare two datasets for selected drought years

I want to compare the performance of ERA5 precipitation data against my reference data for its performance in detecting drought using SPI method.Drought is defined when SPI value is =<-1. I want to ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Is it possible to get trapped in a circle of water in a rip current?

According to the YouTube video Rip Currents: How to Survive the Deadliest Ocean's Trick, a rip current occurs when there are two circles of water spinning close to shore in opposite directions such ...
23
votes
2answers
4k views

How do oases form in the middle of the desert?

I am wondering if there are any theories about the formation of oases, and I am also curious about why an oasis can even last for a very long period of time. I have heard that fresh water exists on ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

Why is ferret giving me error that the region is not 2D while plotting

I have downloaded ERA5 data and am trying to plot temperature variable. The problem I am facing is that even after providing a 2D area for plotting, ferret is giving an error saying that the region ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

How much does the weight of urban structures (buildings) affect the compaction (permeability, porosity, density) of alluvial sediments below a city?

I live in Van, Turkey. Van City is situated on an alluvial plain beside Lake Van. General geological structure of the area can be seen on pages 43-44 in this conference book. One of the images is ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

On La Vagabonde what Citizen Science is Possible?

The Catamaran La Vagabonde is a high tech vessel that's designed to be as carbon neutral as possible. Subject to the constraints of space, time and safety, what citizen science projects would be ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

How to measure upwelling rate using velocity fields

Using; Angular speed ($Ω = 10^-5$ $s^-1$), Depth of layer = $60 m$, Eddy diffusivity ($A_z=10^-3$ $m^2/s$), and velocity field $(u,v)=Ω(y,-x)$ Can the upwelling rate at the centre be estimated and ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

How to convert the units of specific cloud liquid water from ERA5 (kg/kg) to kg/m2?

I am trying to initialize my model with the cloud liquid water data from ERA5. My model IITM-ESM which evolved from CFSv2 takes in the cloud liquid water information in kg/m2. However the ERA5 ...
5
votes
2answers
44 views

Where to get temperature sounding model forecast data?

I want to know the current lapse rate for a given point in the US. In other words, I want "live" temperature data at various altitudes. Live is flexible -- I'm generally OK with a forecast which is ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

How can methylmercury in the ocean be reabsorbed into the atmosphere?

The Sacramento Bee news article Toxic fog may be poisoning some of California’s mountain lions, study says says Algae in the ocean convert mercury to methylmercury, its most toxic form, which can ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

GOES image: parallel trains of clouds. What to make of them?

Here is a GOES visible image from today, 2019-12-01 about local noon, around Nova Scotia. Note the parallel trains or streaks of clouds, running approximately northwest to southeast. A few hours ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Are Iron Meteorites a Good Guide to the Composition of the Earth's Core?

Occasionally, very large nickel/iron meteorites strike the Earth, and on examination it is apparent that they were once part of a much larger body which had differentiated into a metallic core and ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Is Australia the largest island?

I had participated in a quiz recently and one of the questions was 'which is the largest island in the world?'. I wrote Australia as the answer remembering that it was the 5th largest country in the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

How to interpret precipitation probability?

Below is the Dallas precipitation forecast I just got (requested from Google at 10am, Nov 29, 2019). From this, what is the probability that a 10cm (diameter) cup placed in a Dallas park from 4:00pm ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Is there any link between the weekly human cycle and weather?

I am interested in the linkage between the cyclical timing of human activity, and whether that has a direct effect on weather. Most obvious to me is the weekly cycle, which is observed by most of the ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Finding dimensions to relate fluid components

How can a relationship between diffusivity, buoyancy frequency, and dissipation rate be established? The diffusivity equation: $∂c/∂t+κ∇^2 c=0, ∂/∂x+∂/∂y+∂/∂z=∇$ Buoyancy frequency: $N^2=-g/ρ ∂ρ/∂...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Could Rumblings From Plutons be as Ominous as Rumblings From Volcanoes?

Mount Kinabalu in North Borneo is a 10 million year old pluton. A pluton is a magma plume from the mantle which was not able to reach the surface and erupt as a volcano, but solidified underground and ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

How to calculate maximum and minimum mean monthly temperatures?

A quite simple question that I hope someone can help me with. I have a massive database of hourly minimum and maximum temperatures, from many automatic weather stations. I need to estimate the average ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What the negative values in ERA5 soil moisture represent? [duplicate]

I am using ERA5 soil moisture for drought analysis. I do not understand what negative values for soil moisture means, could someone please offer an explanation?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Inquiry, Is this Crystal? [closed]

I'm Erfan from Yemen, I found this stone in my village's mountain, it looks not normal stone, it's shinning like a crystal and headlight can penetrate it. There are hundreds of it in the mountain. ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Small earthquake happening every night at the exact same time

I experience this weird feeling for the last three months. Every night, at exactly 3AM I can feel small earthquake and I could not find anything on the internet related to it. Does anyone have any ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Is the association of fluorescent minerals calcite, fluorite, and apatite with fluorescent rare-Earth minerals a coincidence?

If I understand this answer and this comment correctly, minerals like calcite, fluorite, and apatite are "commonly associated with (Rare Earth Element) REE deposits", and like some REEs also fluoresce ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

sea-land breeze system

I am currently in the midst of creating a model for the ocean. If I were to construct a model of the sea-land breeze system, should I include the effects of the planetary rotation in the model? These ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

Formation of Iceland

Iceland sits atop a divergent ocean- ocean boundary. But there are not many islands which are formed along a divergent boundary. Why is it so? Why do not mid ocean ridges often rise above the sea ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Volcanism and Earthquakes in Borneo [closed]

Mount Kinabalu is a 13,400 foot mountain in North Borneo formed by volcanism about ten million years ago. What caused this volcanism, why has volcanism ceased in Borneo, and what was the cause of the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Looking for info on a very heavy snow that fell in Airdrie AB in May of about 1992

I have been looking on the internet and can't find the title subject. Three friends and I spent 2 days snowed in a strangers house in Airdrie AB during May , about 1992. We are talking about close to ...
7
votes
2answers
166 views

Origin of Andaman and Nicobar islands

Are Andaman and Nicobar islands in Indian ocean a continuation of Alpide-Himalayan orogeny or are they volcanic in origin?
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Confused about the genetic term supergene mineral

I am bit confused about the term supergene on a genetic mineral classification. At this genetic clasification of minerals the author includes on supergene type "Weathering and oxidation zone". Wenk,...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

What causes some plates to move faster than others?

Why do some tectonic plates move faster than others? Is it due to friction between the plates, the driving forces on the plates, or both? If it is driving forces, what makes the driving forces on ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How can one find the true dip angle and quadrant when an apparent dip and strike is provided?

I am trying to solve the following question but cannot figure out how: A layer of limestone has a strike of East to West on a hilltop, and an apparent dip of 40 degrees on the vertical hillside ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Plausibility of Star Trek's Voth [migrated]

In Star Trek Voyager, the Voth are an intelligent, humanoid species of descendants of dinosaurs (hadrosaurs). Paleontologists estimate, that up around 99% of species, that ever lived, died out. ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Ore Reserve Definition

I've seen many papers on mineral deposits say something along the line of "a 100,000 tonne deposit of Zn, 1% grade." Does this mean there is 1% of 100,000 tonnes which is 1000 tonnes pure zinc, or ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

Can I just walk around Greenland with a UV light and find rare Earth minerals on the ground?

The NPR.org news article and podcast Greenland Is Not For Sale. But It Has The Rare Earth Minerals America Wants is interesting, and it includes a few large GIFs (too large to post here) that appear ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How is soil thickness related to altitude, angle and moisture?

I'm trying to generate a landscape and I want to include soil thickness for realism. Data I have is altitude, angle of a given point and moisture of a given point.
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Strength of Magnetic Field at Mid Point of a Reversal

As the duration of a magnetic reversal can be up to 12,000 years, could there come a time mid-way in the transition when Earth's magnetic field is as negligible as that of Mars or Venus? Magnetic ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the strength of the Earth's magnetic field at McMurdo Station, Antarctica?

Based on this map, Below are images showing more specific detail. I assume the field strength is between 0.6 gauss and 0.65 gauss, but I cannot tell between which ios-flux lines (if that is a ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Are there General Circulation Models that can simulate the atmosphere of Venus?

I would like to know what would happen with the atmosphere of Venus when it gets tidally locked, i.e. when one side would perpetually face the Sun. Probably a thermal low would be at the subsolar ...
-1
votes
2answers
84 views

Could the recent temperature anomalies in the arctic be used as a proxy measure of global heating?

Because the arctic temperature record would probably not require any of the climategate urban heat island adjustments it would seem to definitively sustain that global temperatures are significantly ...
6
votes
2answers
144 views

How does a subduction zone form mountains?

When an oceanic plate goes under a continental plate are the resulting mountains a result of the melting and then rising of the oceanic plate or are the mountains formed by the continental plate being ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Thermal expansion of Earth

Matter tends to change its volume in response to changes in temperature--or, hot things tend to be expanded. Is the thermal expansion of Earth significant? That is, is it significant when compared ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Why do P waves have a higher velocity in the lower mantle than in the core even though the core has a much higher density?

I've just started teaching 9th grade Earth science and my students and I have noticed something about P and S wave depth vs velocity graphs. In the typical graph, eg: https://www.researchgate.net/...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why is the water in Pingualuit crater so pure?

The question Is there a lake whose sole source of water is rain and has a hole at the bottom draining it? doesn't have an answer that answers my question. Also, it has a mistake in it. According to ...
6
votes
2answers
71 views

Curious natural patterns on the surface of basalt blocks that make up the sidewalk

During one of my walks through the city streets, I noticed that some basalt blocks that make up the sidewalk have in their surface some very curious natural patterns: The photos above was taken at ...

15 30 50 per page