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8
votes
1answer
187 views

Alternative WMS servers for GOES-East satellite imagery

I'm having some difficulty finding a WMS (web mapping server) for North America GOES-East satellite imagery that matches my needs (visible and IR4, timely, with no alteration of grey-scale pixel ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Could Rumblings From Plutons be as Ominous as Rumblings From Volcanoes?

Mount Kinabalu in North Borneo is a 10 million year old pluton. A pluton is a magma plume from the mantle which was not able to reach the surface and erupt as a volcano, but solidified underground and ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

Formation of Iceland

Iceland sits atop a divergent ocean- ocean boundary. But there are not many islands which are formed along a divergent boundary. Why is it so? Why do not mid ocean ridges often rise above the sea ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Are Iron Meteorites a Good Guide to the Composition of the Earth's Core?

Occasionally, very large nickel/iron meteorites strike the Earth, and on examination it is apparent that they were once part of a much larger body which had differentiated into a metallic core and ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

sea-land breeze system

I am currently in the midst of creating a model for the ocean. If I were to construct a model of the sea-land breeze system, should I include the effects of the planetary rotation in the model? These ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is there a website where i can freely download monthly average temperatures per city?

I'm building a garden calendar app that uses the average temperature for each month to create a calendar. Are there websites that allow me to easily download this data in json format?
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How do we allocate partial CO2 doublings for Empirical Climate Sensitivity?

How do we allocate partial CO2 doublings for Empirical Climate Sensitivity? I applied partial doublings on a linear basis, is this correct? Climate Threat to the Planet:Implications for Energy Policy ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

How to interpret precipitation probability?

Below is the Dallas precipitation forecast I just got (requested from Google at 10am, Nov 29, 2019). From this, what is the probability that a 10cm (diameter) cup placed in a Dallas park from 4:00pm ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Historical isobaric charts?

I am looking for a small-scale isobaric chart, which encompasses central Africa. I am interested in the time span of the past few months. Do you know where to find it? Thanks
5
votes
2answers
164 views

Can I just walk around Greenland with a UV light and find rare Earth minerals on the ground?

The NPR.org news article and podcast Greenland Is Not For Sale. But It Has The Rare Earth Minerals America Wants is interesting, and it includes a few large GIFs (too large to post here) that appear ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

What is a reasonable range of values for resistance to heat flux?

I am developing a simple parameterisation scheme script to predict surface temperature. The script calculates six heat fluxes including sensible heat flux using a resistance to heat flux parameter. ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Is there any link between the weekly human cycle and weather?

I am interested in the linkage between the cyclical timing of human activity, and whether that has a direct effect on weather. Most obvious to me is the weekly cycle, which is observed by most of the ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

How can I convert the negative values of the ERA5 PET data into positive?

I planned to use the ERA5 Potential evapotranspiration data for drought analsysis (SPEI), however values are presented in negative number. Of course I understand the logic for presenting PET negative. ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Has the Average Volume of Volcanic Emissions Been Constant Since the Last Major Fluctuation?

Are total volcanic emissions worldwide constant, or do they rise and fall? We know there are large fluctuations on a scale of tens of millions of years, but is the total volume of emissions stable on ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Hyperspectral Detection of Ore

How can I use hyperspectral satellite imagery to remotely detect copper or any prespecified mineral deposit in general? Where can I find a database of the absorption and reflection bands of various ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What the negative values in ERA5 soil moisture represent? [duplicate]

I am using ERA5 soil moisture for drought analysis. I do not understand what negative values for soil moisture means, could someone please offer an explanation?
5
votes
2answers
219 views

Sensible and Latent Heat. how to separate them

I need help with latent and sensible heat. P.S: I have been through all Wikipedia and other pages that say phase change and temperature change. My Question is: if there is convection, it will take ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

XRF analysis - recalculating results

For TAS diagram plot, one need to recalculate Major oxide data (NaO, K2O, SiO2). Do one need to recalculate the ppms of Zr,Nb and Y and % of TiO2 for Zr/TiO2 vs Nb/Y diagram plotting for rock ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Inquiry, Is this Crystal? [closed]

I'm Erfan from Yemen, I found this stone in my village's mountain, it looks not normal stone, it's shinning like a crystal and headlight can penetrate it. There are hundreds of it in the mountain. ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Small earthquake happening every night at the exact same time

I experience this weird feeling for the last three months. Every night, at exactly 3AM I can feel small earthquake and I could not find anything on the internet related to it. Does anyone have any ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why is the water in Pingualuit crater so pure?

The question Is there a lake whose sole source of water is rain and has a hole at the bottom draining it? doesn't have an answer that answers my question. Also, it has a mistake in it. According to ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Is the association of fluorescent minerals calcite, fluorite, and apatite with fluorescent rare-Earth minerals a coincidence?

If I understand this answer and this comment correctly, minerals like calcite, fluorite, and apatite are "commonly associated with (Rare Earth Element) REE deposits", and like some REEs also fluoresce ...
8
votes
3answers
324 views

Understanding the Mercator Projection

To illustrate my problem, let's say I have lattitude and longitude coordinates, such as 38.871105, -77.056042. I want to be able to calculate the new lattitude and longitude if, say, I moved 300m ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

By what objectively correct process could we determine the truth about the actual severity of anthropogenic climate change?

I began to do the best that I could to boil the key facts down to the most basic essence of proving significant anthropogenic climate change: (1) It is a verified fact that since 1959 CO2 increased ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How much and what kind of radiation passes through a cloud?

I've read that 80% of sunlight is passing through clouds. Now there a small clouds and big clouds so it should be some average. Is this true or is the amount of sunlight passing throug a cloud really ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Volcanism and Earthquakes in Borneo [closed]

Mount Kinabalu is a 13,400 foot mountain in North Borneo formed by volcanism about ten million years ago. What caused this volcanism, why has volcanism ceased in Borneo, and what was the cause of the ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Creating a general log sheet for CTD and ADCP for fieldwork

It is close to the deadline for conducting research on a research vessel for the Irish Sea (one month left). I'm currently a student and would like some descriptive observational data/variables needed ...
7
votes
2answers
166 views

Origin of Andaman and Nicobar islands

Are Andaman and Nicobar islands in Indian ocean a continuation of Alpide-Himalayan orogeny or are they volcanic in origin?
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Run Hydrus-1D from the command line

Hydrus-1D, is a modeling environment for analysis of water flow and solute transport in variably saturated porous media. This program has a graphical environment which works very well, however a lot ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Looking for info on a very heavy snow that fell in Airdrie AB in May of about 1992

I have been looking on the internet and can't find the title subject. Three friends and I spent 2 days snowed in a strangers house in Airdrie AB during May , about 1992. We are talking about close to ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the strength of the Earth's magnetic field at McMurdo Station, Antarctica?

Based on this map, Below are images showing more specific detail. I assume the field strength is between 0.6 gauss and 0.65 gauss, but I cannot tell between which ios-flux lines (if that is a ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How can one find the true dip angle and quadrant when an apparent dip and strike is provided?

I am trying to solve the following question but cannot figure out how: A layer of limestone has a strike of East to West on a hilltop, and an apparent dip of 40 degrees on the vertical hillside ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Confused about the genetic term supergene mineral

I am bit confused about the term supergene on a genetic mineral classification. At this genetic clasification of minerals the author includes on supergene type "Weathering and oxidation zone". Wenk,...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

What causes some plates to move faster than others?

Why do some tectonic plates move faster than others? Is it due to friction between the plates, the driving forces on the plates, or both? If it is driving forces, what makes the driving forces on ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Ore Reserve Definition

I've seen many papers on mineral deposits say something along the line of "a 100,000 tonne deposit of Zn, 1% grade." Does this mean there is 1% of 100,000 tonnes which is 1000 tonnes pure zinc, or ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How is soil thickness related to altitude, angle and moisture?

I'm trying to generate a landscape and I want to include soil thickness for realism. Data I have is altitude, angle of a given point and moisture of a given point.
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Strength of Magnetic Field at Mid Point of a Reversal

As the duration of a magnetic reversal can be up to 12,000 years, could there come a time mid-way in the transition when Earth's magnetic field is as negligible as that of Mars or Venus? Magnetic ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Using an accelerometer as a geophone to conduct a seismic survey

I am doing a capstone project for a sensor systems course and I would like to write a python program to acquire, process and present seismic data like that of seismic surveys. Is it possible using ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Are there General Circulation Models that can simulate the atmosphere of Venus?

I would like to know what would happen with the atmosphere of Venus when it gets tidally locked, i.e. when one side would perpetually face the Sun. Probably a thermal low would be at the subsolar ...
-1
votes
2answers
84 views

Could the recent temperature anomalies in the arctic be used as a proxy measure of global heating?

Because the arctic temperature record would probably not require any of the climategate urban heat island adjustments it would seem to definitively sustain that global temperatures are significantly ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Understanding timescales within the day period

I stumbled across a timescale which I am unsure of. What does it mean by intra-daily scale variability? I would also like to know if intra-tidal scale variability is of any use for capturing daily ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Why do P waves have a higher velocity in the lower mantle than in the core even though the core has a much higher density?

I've just started teaching 9th grade Earth science and my students and I have noticed something about P and S wave depth vs velocity graphs. In the typical graph, eg: https://www.researchgate.net/...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Thermal expansion of Earth

Matter tends to change its volume in response to changes in temperature--or, hot things tend to be expanded. Is the thermal expansion of Earth significant? That is, is it significant when compared ...
5
votes
1answer
12k views

What are the differences between Climatology, Meteorology and Atmospheric Science?

Please explain the main differences between Climatology, Meteorology and Atmospheric Science. Thank you
6
votes
2answers
72 views

Curious natural patterns on the surface of basalt blocks that make up the sidewalk

During one of my walks through the city streets, I noticed that some basalt blocks that make up the sidewalk have in their surface some very curious natural patterns: The photos above was taken at ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Migration Routes for Animals from Asia to America [closed]

The jaguar is a close relative of the Asiatic leopard and must have had a common ancestor within the last 5 million years. The South American tapir is obviously closely related to the Malayan tapir ...
5
votes
2answers
387 views

Are the water year/hydrological year different around the world?

Following the commonly-known USGS definition of Water Year (or Hydrological Year) we know that it starts on the 1st October and ends on the next 30th September. Is this definition valid only for ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

List some common metrics to analyze the atmospheric vertical motion?

Could you give me some basic understanding of how to analyze the atmospheric vertical motion? For example, could you list some basic metrics to diagnose the vertical motion? Like divergence, vertical ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

What causes this cloud formation?

This was taken about November 18 in southern Arizona, USA. I’ve never seen any clouds like this before. Is it natural or caused by some airplane?

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