# All Questions

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### Which Farm Crops Are Most Efficient at Reducing Local CO2?

The presence of nearby rainforest is known to measurably deplete the local atmospheric CO2 content, but how much would CO2-hungry crops reduce local CO2 and which crop would deplete it most? My guess ...
37 views

### Planets are different in all forms but seasons are similar [closed]

We all have basic ideas about planets and their seasons..But my question is that why do NEPTUNE and EARTH have similar seasons although there compositions are completely different..On earth Nitrogen ...
162 views

### How reliable would measuring global heating from satellite be?

Some anthropogenic global heating (AGH) skeptics deny that any global heating is occurring. I figured out a way that could be used to refute them. A weighted average of all of the thermal points on ...
45 views

### Natural Raw Water [closed]

I have been drinking natural unfiltered raw water straight from rivers, streams, springs and ponds and I haven’t ever gotten sick from it. I strongly believe and know it in my heart that water from ...
91 views

### Do tectonic plates “float” over the mantle and “collide” like icebergs?

I'm always hearing about tectonic plates as large chunks of crust floating on the mantle just like boats. In timescales of millions of years they move and even collide. But I'm starting to think this ...
44 views

### What's the story of the shear face in the new Mac OS Catalina wallpaper?

The new Mac OS boasts a beautiful default desktop background with the western tip of Santa Catalina Island. The rock formation in the foreground looks like it was sliced on the diagonal with a power ...
26 views

### Spatial allocation of road emissions and unit conversion

I have a grid shapefile that has a resolution of 1km x 1km. This grid is then used to spatially allocate road emissions. My goal is to get the emissions in the unit: μg m-2 s-1(microgram per ...
46 views

### Why aren't tornadoes embedded in squall lines or tornadoes in high-precipitation supercells destroyed by downdrafts?

I often hear that tornadoes die when the RFD (Rear Flank Downdraft) strengthens and destroys their source of inflow... How do tornadoes get any inflowing updrafts when they are embedded in rain? How ...
37 views

The CDS API does not behave well on our machines. Has anyone had any luck scripting their own ERA-5 reanalysis large-data download script? Perhaps something that is not nearly as large, clunky, and ...
70 views

### Does Antarctica have a lot of aquifers?

I got to thinking about freshwater on Antarctica. Obviously, there is a lot of freshwater ice. However, the deeper you go underground, eventually the dirt will be warmed geothermically. So does the ...
84 views

### Predicting the weather in two months

On Nov 1, I looked at the Dallas monthly weather averages (pasted below) and tried to predict the average temperature for Jan 2020. It's hard to see any trend, so I would simply predict 46.2 +/- 3.5 °...
55 views

### Why does the ocean seem much cleaner than the bay I live near

I live in Melbourne near a bay, and it always seems really dirty, whenever I go out to the open ocean the water always seems much cleaner. Is there a reason for this, does the bay trap pollution or do ...
30 views

### Natural air-CO2 deviations in the troposphere

I'm working on a room air quality management algorithm, and many sensors seem to respond with CO2 measurements of as little as 200 ppm. Obviously a sensor giving off this value will be broken or badly ...
94 views

### What caused peak CO2 to rise, starting about 400,000 years ago?

This question assumes the accuracy of this (and similar) charts. Source of image. From the image, CO2 peaked at about 260, perhaps 265 ppm during the interglacial periods between 800,000 years ago ...
40 views

### How to deal with a pond silting up [closed]

I live in a town that has a sizable pond that is dammed with a concrete overfall spillway. Decades ago the state demanded that the dam be installed to guarantee that the surface height of the pond ...
37k views

### Are there any saltwater rivers on Earth?

I'm curious if there are any saltwater rivers on Earth. These would presumably arise if a saltwater lake had a river outlet to the ocean. However, all the saltwater lakes I looked at (Caspian Sea, ...
57 views

### Local Weather Forecast (Self-Learning Algorithm)

First of all, the question! : Is it possible to predict local weather tendencies for the upcoming hours (let's say 2-3 hours) using only local data? If yes, which data is needed to make such ...
47 views

### Zoeppritz equations derivation

I have been long looking for the derivations and step by step explanation of Zoeppritz matrix but either internet is full of final versions or I can’t find it...I would be very thankful if anyone can ...
44 views

### In the USA, are pesticides regulated differently for animal vs human consumption? [closed]

I'm looking into growing edible oyster mushrooms. I'm considering using whole-oat horse feed in the growing process. I realize that additional steps are taken to ensure food is fit for human ...
29 views

### mineral prospecting in Iran

I live in Iran and I want to do personal mineral prospecting for natural crystals and gemstones and beautiful minerals. Unfortunately, there are no reliable information available. Anyone can help me ...
694 views

### No sedimentation without water?

I just found a video on sedimentary rock formation, and to my surprise, it stated that this only could occur in water! I always thought that any layer of matter, if buried deep underneath more matter, ...
39 views

### Large Igneous Provinces are like Lunar Mare?

Would Large Igneous Provinces like the Deccan Traps have looked like ancient lunar Mare from space? Glowing lava oceans shinning in the night? Are these two things similar in nature? Would smoke from ...
41 views

### How to better understand the RIP-nomenclature used in the CMIP5 project?

I am a statistician working on a climatological downscaling project in the Caribbean Sea. I am just starting to learn about the CMIP5 GCM data project. I plan to download CMIP5 data from 6 climate ...
47 views

### Paleogeographic Map

How do you construct a paleogeographic map with given sedimentary structures as guidelines?
29 views

### Ore Deposit Determination

How are ore body sizes determined? What are the most reliable techniques of determining the size of ore deposits as well as their content?
35 views

### Peak season for Thunderstorms

What causes different locations to get their peak season for thunderstorms at different times of the year like some locations get the most thunderstorms in a July some in June and some in August and ...
47 views

### Heat at High Altitudes

Why does the temperature of let’s say 85 degrees Fahrenheit in southern California feel hotter at 7,500 ft elevation than it does at sea level?
56 views

### In the 800 kyr $\ce{CO_2}$ record, how detectable would a short-term peak be?

It is stated in https://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/trends/co2/ice_core_co2.html that the temporal uncertainty for the glacier $\ce{CO_2}$ records is less than $5~\%$ at any given moment. That means ‒ for ...
69 views

### Does clearing snow contribute to climate change?

I've been reflecting on climate change and pondering how much of it is truly man-made. Anyone who's shoveled a walkway know that the snow melts faster beside the walkway than it does in the middle of ...
156 views

### Is this a fossil we found in a store? [closed]

We found this rock at a mineral and jewelry store. The gal wrote down what it was and we cannot find what we think she wrote on the internet anywhere. She wrote Mcstrodlite.
12k views

### What is the difference between a carbon sink and a carbon reservoir?

I am trying to figure out the difference between a carbon sink and a carbon reservoir. The definition for a carbon sink from wikipedia is that “carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that ...
41 views

### Ocean Greenhouse Gases Released by Meteorite Impact

A huge amount of CO2 is absorbed by the ocean and stored in the ocean, and methane is stored as clathrates. For every mega-meteorite or asteroid that impacts on land, two hit the sea. In a range of ...
90 views

### Decomposition of variables in horizontal and vertical modes

I have a query regarding the practical applicability of variable separable method. Usually we decompose the variables w.r.t components corresponding to different dimensions, this method is used to ...
30 views

### Blue Ridge Mountains and the Great Smoky Mountains in Fall [duplicate]

Why is it that in the Blue Ridge and Great Smoky Mountains that in October, thunderstorms stop happening and why is it that there were thunderstorms in the forecast a few times this October and today ...
15 views

### Why was the precipitation-streamflow correlation greater in the intact catchment at Hubbard BrookI

I gave an assignment and ran a class on this data last year. https://lifediscoveryed.org/r290/hubbard_brook_streamflow_response_to_deforestation Its a classic small watershed experiment where ...
9k views

### Does organic decay release the same CO2 as burning?

Does a fallen tree left to decay release essentially all of its stored carbon as CO2 to the atmosphere? Or is the carbon uptaken by termites and bacteria, preventing its release to the atmosphere?
42 views

### The climate effect of the Russian industrial collapse in the early 90's

In 1982 ExxonMobil made this diagram with a slightly excess of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming. Can this error be explained by the Russian industrial collapse in the ...
37 views

### Precipitation and Elevation

Does precipitation increase or decrease as elevation increases? Because I heard that in the mountains they get more precipitation due to the orographic effect and how the mountains drain the moisture ...
1k views

### WRF vertical integrated moisture flux using NCL

Does anyone know how to calculate the vertical integrated moisture flux using NCL in WRF. It would be best if you can share a NCL script. Here is my code, I used this code to calculate the averaged ...
67 views

### Humidity and Rainfall

Usually the higher the humidity the more rainfall we get like in the summer here in Asheville, North Carolina we get a lot of showers and thunderstorms in the summer from the high humidity but I saw ...
55 views

### does nitrogen fixation plants consume nutrients from soil

I am a farmer. I have lot of "touch me not" plants (Mimosa pudica)in my coconut plantation field. Many people are saying I have to get rid of them for two reasons. 1. It is very difficult to walk in ...
25 views

### Hydrophone/geophone sensor sensitivity - noise versus signal

Today, a student asked this question, and I was unable to answer it in a way that was understandable and accurate - even for myself. For seismic data acquisition projects, how are sensors able to '...
71 views

### Why the Indian Monsoon doesn't start in the north?

The usual explanation for the Indian Monsoon that I read everywhere is that it is generated by winds from the Arabic Sea, moving to India mainland because of the low pressure there. These winds are ...
24 views

### What are the ranges of CO2 levels for inner cities and should CO2 be added to the air quality index?

I have a indoor CO2 monitor and putting it on my balcony it indicates values of 1400-2200 ppm for different days ? Is this even possible and what are the ranges of CO2 levels for the outside air of ...
44 views

### What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences? [closed]

Very similar to what happens in other sciences, I would like to know, ¿What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences?
139 views

### Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years?

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years? It looks like simply extrapolating the current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 would ...
33 views

### Does a greenhouse need to be built on agricultural land? [closed]

Is it possible to build a climate-controlled greenhouse just about anywhere assuming that it contains soil-beds, a light-controlled , temperature-controlled and moisture-controlled environment and ...
70 views

### Quickly breeding oysters to combat oceanic pollution?

I've been doing some wikipedia binging and it's come to my realization that it may be in the Earth's best interest to raise the world oyster population as quickly as possible. The basis for this is ...