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7
votes
1answer
71 views

Does clearing snow contribute to climate change?

I've been reflecting on climate change and pondering how much of it is truly man-made. Anyone who's shoveled a walkway know that the snow melts faster beside the walkway than it does in the middle of ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

Is this a fossil we found in a store? [closed]

We found this rock at a mineral and jewelry store. The gal wrote down what it was and we cannot find what we think she wrote on the internet anywhere. She wrote Mcstrodlite.
5
votes
3answers
12k views

What is the difference between a carbon sink and a carbon reservoir?

I am trying to figure out the difference between a carbon sink and a carbon reservoir. The definition for a carbon sink from wikipedia is that “carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Ocean Greenhouse Gases Released by Meteorite Impact

A huge amount of CO2 is absorbed by the ocean and stored in the ocean, and methane is stored as clathrates. For every mega-meteorite or asteroid that impacts on land, two hit the sea. In a range of ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Decomposition of variables in horizontal and vertical modes

I have a query regarding the practical applicability of variable separable method. Usually we decompose the variables w.r.t components corresponding to different dimensions, this method is used to ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Why was the precipitation-streamflow correlation greater in the intact catchment at Hubbard BrookI

I gave an assignment and ran a class on this data last year. https://lifediscoveryed.org/r290/hubbard_brook_streamflow_response_to_deforestation Its a classic small watershed experiment where ...
5
votes
6answers
9k views

Does organic decay release the same CO2 as burning?

Does a fallen tree left to decay release essentially all of its stored carbon as CO2 to the atmosphere? Or is the carbon uptaken by termites and bacteria, preventing its release to the atmosphere?
1
vote
0answers
42 views

The climate effect of the Russian industrial collapse in the early 90's

In 1982 ExxonMobil made this diagram with a slightly excess of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming. Can this error be explained by the Russian industrial collapse in the ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Precipitation and Elevation

Does precipitation increase or decrease as elevation increases? Because I heard that in the mountains they get more precipitation due to the orographic effect and how the mountains drain the moisture ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

WRF vertical integrated moisture flux using NCL

Does anyone know how to calculate the vertical integrated moisture flux using NCL in WRF. It would be best if you can share a NCL script. Here is my code, I used this code to calculate the averaged ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Humidity and Rainfall

Usually the higher the humidity the more rainfall we get like in the summer here in Asheville, North Carolina we get a lot of showers and thunderstorms in the summer from the high humidity but I saw ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

does nitrogen fixation plants consume nutrients from soil

I am a farmer. I have lot of "touch me not" plants (Mimosa pudica)in my coconut plantation field. Many people are saying I have to get rid of them for two reasons. 1. It is very difficult to walk in ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Hydrophone/geophone sensor sensitivity - noise versus signal

Today, a student asked this question, and I was unable to answer it in a way that was understandable and accurate - even for myself. For seismic data acquisition projects, how are sensors able to '...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Why the Indian Monsoon doesn't start in the north?

The usual explanation for the Indian Monsoon that I read everywhere is that it is generated by winds from the Arabic Sea, moving to India mainland because of the low pressure there. These winds are ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What are the ranges of CO2 levels for inner cities and should CO2 be added to the air quality index?

I have a indoor CO2 monitor and putting it on my balcony it indicates values of 1400-2200 ppm for different days ? Is this even possible and what are the ranges of CO2 levels for the outside air of ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences? [closed]

Very similar to what happens in other sciences, I would like to know, ¿What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences?
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years?

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years? It looks like simply extrapolating the current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 would ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Does a greenhouse need to be built on agricultural land? [closed]

Is it possible to build a climate-controlled greenhouse just about anywhere assuming that it contains soil-beds, a light-controlled , temperature-controlled and moisture-controlled environment and ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Quickly breeding oysters to combat oceanic pollution?

I've been doing some wikipedia binging and it's come to my realization that it may be in the Earth's best interest to raise the world oyster population as quickly as possible. The basis for this is ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there any evidence for higher air pressures in the geological past?

I was curious about how the Earth's overall air pressure has varied over time, and tried to take a look around the internet. However, Google pops up a lot of sites with questionable science proposing ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is Carbon Dioxide a Greenhouse Gas whereas Ammonia is not?

Why are some gases Greenhouse gases while some are not? I did search this on the net but didn't get any clearcut/credible answers. What exactly is the property that is common among Ozone, Water ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

On the light difference between morning and afternoon

It is long time that I am looking for what physical reason(s) explains this observation: the sun ambient light between sunrise and midday is crispy, somehow whiter than that of the afternoon hours. ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Wave train 200 m/s meaning

I ran a 60 m line intended for surficial seismic refraction. Energization with hammer. 12 (10 hz vertical 5 m spaced) geophones and 5 shots (15 m spaced). Record length 0.5 s. Thanks to a borehole ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Difference between isotherms and isotheres

I encounter both similar terms while reading, isotherms and isotheres. Could someone help distinguish and explain to me the difference between them?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

On the solidity of the Earth's core [duplicate]

From what I know from various textbooks, pop-science shows and my classes, the earth's core is solid. But how does the concept of solid and liquid make sense at these high temperatures.
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Short-term forecast of Europe by using synoptic charts

I should make a short-term forecast of Europe by using synoptic charts. I'm finding it really hard so I'd be glad if you help me. 'В' means high atmospheric pressure I'm trying to figure out the ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

formula to convert precipitation in mm/h to runoff in m³/s

I have precipitation data in mm/h but to use them for my model I need them in m³/s. Is there a formula to convert them?
1
vote
2answers
184 views

What could possibly be a rational basis for rejecting climate science? [closed]

Here is my logic (thus not opinion) if the anthropogenic global heating AGH deniers actually do not have any rational climate science basis for rejecting anthropogenic global heating then everyone ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Why wouldn't the earth be “always daytime” if the “daily cycle of sunlight” was drawn full-scale?

The question is clear enough in my opinion but, I've found out that if you redraw this picture here: You'll notice that the Sun is as big as the Earth. But if you scale up the Sun to it's real size ...
2
votes
5answers
137 views

Why is smoke considered a factor of global cooling when analyzing nuclear winter scenarios, but arent when analyzing global warming scenarios?

In many articles on the internet (I'll cite a couple for the sake of the question), smoke from the fires (composed mainly of CO2 and CO) following a nuclear war would cool the atmosphere and would ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Blue Ridge Mountains and the Great Smoky Mountains

Why is it that in the Blue Ridge and Great Smoky Mountains that in October, thunderstorms stop happening and why is it that there were thunderstorms in the forecast a few times this October and today ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Why is it that Spring in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the peak season for forest fires both man made and lightning caused when it rains so much in the spring and it is so wet there in ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What the humidity metric is hiding?

So I have been spending time in Moscow Russia which essentially records very similar climatic humidity to my home city of London. However in Moscow my throat is permanently dry, I need to consume more ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the fastest the Earth has ever spun?

How fast can the Earth rotate and support life? In prehistoric times, dinosaurs were so massive that archeologists wonder how they were not crushed under their own weight. Could a faster spinning ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

CAPE Calculation

I read in various places that CAPE is the area between temperature and the saturated adiabat through LCL from LFC to EL and approximated by $\bigl(\sum_{i=LFC}^{EL} {T_{ap}-T_e\over T_e} \...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Modelling extreme rainfall events: 'blanket approches' when considering soil infiltration

For my thesis on modelling an extreme rainfall event with a 2D surface runoff model I'm supposed to consider the effect of soil infiltration on the runoff: In my work description it says I'm supposed ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

Help understanding this image of an unusual double reflected rainbow

The BBC News item Double reflected rainbow photographed in Orkney shows an unusual kind of double rainbow. According to the article: The image was captured by Martin Gray at Gyran on Tuesday ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans?

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans? It seem virtually certain that the huge 100 PPM spike in CO2 since 1950 can only be caused ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How do we apply CO2 sensitivity (3C ± 1.5C for every doubling) to current CO2 levels

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_sensitivity#Estimating_climate_sensitivity This indicates that current CO2 levels have a temperature equilibrium of 2.2C disagreeing with statements that we are ...
6
votes
3answers
934 views

What is the impact of divergent tectonic plates on old mountain ranges?

I found this question, which is similar to what I'm wondering, but my question is slightly different: What happens if a new divergent boundary forms in a way that bisects a mountain range, especially ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Average Snowfall for Snowy Places?

I just moved to Wisconsin, so my family is throwing snow statistics at me. But it seems to me that the most meaningful average US snowfall statistic isn't available (or easy to find). The average ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

What does the containment percentage mean when a fire department is reporting on a wildfire?

The LAFD reported that the Getty fire near Los Angeles is "5% contained". What is meant by "containment" and what does 5% containment mean in this context? I've tried googling "wildfire containment" ...
1
vote
4answers
191 views

If planting trees is ineffective to tackle climate change, why do people plant them?

I've read answers that outline how if we afforested large (continental-scale) masses of land, it would do little in the way of tackling climate change. While it would sequester CO2 for about a century ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Could an earthquake on flat land still kill someone without any buildings/boulders or such near by?

Suppose you were sitting near the epicenter of an earthquake, sitting down on flat land without much else near by, maybe some grass. Is it still possible that say, a magnitude 8 or 9 earthquake would ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Thickening Mars's Atmosphere

if we were to send a mission to mars (unlimited budget WE WISH!) to explore different methods that would enable us to thicken the martian atmosphere, what different types of data should this mission ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Did global temperature increase or drop in the last 2 years (2017-2018)?

This website Climate change global temperature from a governmental organization, shows 2 graphs , one called "History of global surface temperature since 1880" and the other called "Yearly surface ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Why is the jet stream stronger in winter?

I notice on a website talking about the jet stream https://www.weather.gov/jetstream/jet It says: The winds blow from west to east in jet streams but the flow often shifts to the north and south. ...
7
votes
2answers
451 views

Why do some earthquakes and volcanoes occur within plates?

I know that volcanoes and earthquakes occur on plate margins. But, do some of them also occur within plates?
6
votes
2answers
49 views

Why do (some) silicic bodies behave effusively instead behaving explosively as in common?

We encounter dacitic/rhyolitic melts generally in explosive volcanic events. But some of them behave as effusive dome flow. Why do some silicic bodies behave effusively?
10
votes
2answers
247 views

What would the precursors to a repeated Lake Toba super eruption?

Lake Toba, Indonesia is a supervolcano which was the site of a massive supervolcanic eruption estimated at VEI 8 that occurred 69,000 to 77,000 years ago, representing a climate-changing event. It ...

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