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1answer
21 views

Can ionospheric phenomena effect the weather?

I've read about how ionospheric discharges like jets can be initiated/triggered by lightning, and how lightning can propagate upwards from clouds. What I was wondering is if this can happen in ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

Can living where magnets are abundant provide a mini-magnetoshere?

Are there a mini-magnetosphere within the magnetosphere similar to mini-magnetosphere found on the Moon? Is there a map of these areas that would resemble the white swirls in the picture below? The ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the History of the Brooks Range?

This here is a map of the Brooks Range in northern Alaska: As you can see, it is an inland range shaped in a downward curve. Why is that? What is the history of the uplift of the Brooks Range? How ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

How to convert solar radiation into equivalent evaporation

I have come across two (apparently) different equations for this purpose. One is mentioned in BASINS software code here $$Rad\_len [inday^{-1}] = \frac{SolRad[langleysday^{-1}]}{((597.3 - 0.57 * ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

“Obicular” structures in basalts

I found spherical or globular structures, structures in basalts of a greenstone belt which underwent alteration and deformation. However, in thin section, these structures have undeformed pyroxene and ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Ozone Layer Problem

I am only 14 so please don't criticize me too harshly. From what I have understood from my teachers is that our ozone layer helps deflect harmful Ultra Violet Rays and that currently our ozone layer ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

is the net amount of CO2 sequestered by trees from the atmosphere simply related to the mass of new growth?

My simplistic model for the carbon cycle was that plants (or trees in particular) photosynthesise and transpire. The former takes up CO2 and H2O and the latter does the reverse but obviously not ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

What is the meaning of nomalized difference Built-up index?

I know how to calculate it by remote sensing image, but why do we define this? What can we know about a remote sensing scene by this indicator? What's the connection between normalized difference ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Net fluxes of carbon caused by humans

The current and future amount of carbon (in the form of carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere and the hydrosphere is what currently concerns and occupies many people. I am looking for a big picture of ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Does depletion of Planck radiation intensity in the upper atmosphere mean that “CO2 has no impact on climate change”?

In his recent book, Rex J. Fleming asserts that "CO2 has no impact on climate change", or, as he summarizes on his website: There are now over a dozen books available on Amazon.com that point out ...
10
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6answers
5k views

Can living where (rare) earth magnetic ore is abundant provide any protection from cosmic radiation?

Can living in a region that is rich in (rare) earth metal that has an inherently strong magnetic field provide any protection from cosmic radiation? Where are the strongest magnetic field other than ...
4
votes
2answers
37 views

Effect of organic matter on salinity

Organic manure is used in agriculture around the globe. I am interested in how does organic matter affect the salinity of soil? Does it increases, increases or remains unaffected? and is there a study ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

What is the lateral ground acceleration, at the fault line, during a strike-slip earthquake?

I've read that peak lateral ground acceleration for magnitude 7 - 8 earthquakes is ~1 g at the epicenter (is that correct?), but I'm wondering if it might be significantly higher right at the ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Why did “Glaciologist Princess Elsa” have to leave the glacier because it was too warm?

This tweet shows "Glaciologist Princess Elsa" is actually Caltech geophysics PhD student and cryoseismologist Celeste Labedz. The BBC News article What's a 'Science Princess' doing in an ice field in ...
3
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0answers
31 views

Seismic velocity inversion & analysis

I attended at talk recently at the TGS office in Houston, TX, by Marianna Raunch. During this talk, a statement was made that for "very large" velocity inversions, semblance (or other similar ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Calibration of OSL dates to calender year dates

I am trying to utilize a function that uses calibrated $^{14}C$ dates. However, my data consists of OSL dates, not $^{14}C$. Searching google scholars did not provide any useful results. Since OSL ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

Can someone please help me figure out what this rock/mineral is? [closed]

Inside of the rock there is some type of fossil and it looks like a tiny tooth. Whatever this is, it's very interesting and doesn't make any markings when drawn with. It is white and yellow, almost ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How to recharge ground water directly from river water

I am not sure if I am asking it on a correct platform or not. A rainy river passes through my village. We suffer both in summer and in rainy seasons due to this. Could anyone explain how to recharge ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Darwin theory about Japan and China

In a letter by Charles Darwin to Asa Gray, introducing to him an abstract about what would Origin of Species, he talked about migration of different forms during the glacial epoch, and the reason why ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Can Anybody give me more info on this brecia?

Hi I have this boulder as part of an arts project in the North East of England. It was taken with Premission from a beach at the mouth of the river Tyne. At first I thought it may have been a glacial ...
0
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1answer
48 views

What kind of rock is this? (Sedimentary) [closed]

This rock was obtained from a nearby quarrying from our grandparents' house on an island. It has a couple of bronze/mud colored linings on it and a bunch of scattered white areas. Could also see tiny ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Relationship Between Ratio of Atmospheric Gases and Ocean Gases

A version of this question was posted in Chemistry SE and Worldbuilding SE but I've been told it wasn't appropriate to either SE. I was told to give this SE a chance. If you think it doesn't belong on ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Ground water is almost every where, then how do mines and other holes are digged so that ground water doesn't drain into it

Water finds it way to the lowest point because of gravity. So if we dig a mine or something same, then how we take ground water in account, so that it doesn't fill in.
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Insert points into a 2d grid [closed]

I have a list of single point values that I want to insert into a grid. point_values = [1, 4, 5, ...] point_lats = [-12.101, -12.1023, -12.1031, ...] point_lons = [155.511, 155.520, 155.533, ...] ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

How would our weather change in the event of a magnetic pole shift?

Every two hundred thousand years or so the magnetic poles flip. Obviously it is not life ending but how would our weather change? How long does the transition take? Is there a map or model to show ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Interpolating world data to a local grid in Python

I have an NC file that has global data with a high resolution (about 25 minutes) so a lot of coordinates. I have some measured values of some region with irregularly spaced coordinates. In order to ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is this rock petrified wood and is there potential value in it? [closed]

I found this rock in south Texas on a construction site a few years ago. I thought maybe it was some type of petrified wood, but I honestly don't know what it is. It weighs close to 6lbs and the ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Wave train 200 m/s meaning

I ran a 60 m line intended for surficial seismic refraction. Energization with hammer. 12 (10 hz vertical 5 m spaced) geophones and 5 shots (15 m spaced). Record length 0.5 s. Thanks to a borehole ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Why estimate evapotranspiration using machine learning techniques while we can calculate it with Penmann monteith equation?

I find many researchers use Machine Learning Techniques and Algorithms to calculate the EvapoTranspiration, while there’s also the Penmann Monteith equation that gives us the result. Does this say we ...
2
votes
4answers
127 views

Isn't a warmer climate better for energy generation?

Nowadays, everyone talks about it: climate change, and more importantly, how to stop it from happening. Although there's a lot of debate around the topic, the conscensus is that by inventing a way of ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to draw a strike and dip on a geologic map?

I know that Strike and dip refer to the orientation or attitude of a geologic feature. The strike line of a bed, fault, or other planar feature, is a line representing the intersection of that feature ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

A better way to prevent ice shelf from melting and raising ocean levels?

I just read this article by scientist who propose making giant snow machines to basically move the eroding ice shelf further inland. It’s been described as pretty much cost prohibitive (despite saving ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

is it better to take minimum measure of all measures or the mean of minimum measures as a minimum measure

We have taken the measurments of temperature, humidity, net radiation and pressure in our lab so we can calculate the potential reference EvapoTranspiration. So to find out the potential reference ET ...
23
votes
8answers
10k views

Why does the salt in the oceans not sink to the bottom?

This is something that just occurred to me. If heavier elements sink, then how can the entire ocean be salty? Shouldn't the 'salt', because of its density, all sink to the bottom of the ocean? In ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Why is carbon dioxide the gold standard in greenhouse emissions - and not nitrous oxide?

I admit that this is not a genuinely earth sience question, but since there is no stack exchange site genuinely devoted to general ecology, I dare to ask it here: From a table in the German Wikipedia ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Realtime planetary gravity maps?

I'm trying to find maps of realtime (or at least periodically updated / semi-realtime) gravity maps of Earth. I was hoping that GOCE might have something like this available, but I've been hitting a ...
-2
votes
1answer
39 views

What kind of heavy rocks are these? [closed]

Can anyone help me identify these rocks? Found these on the beach. They are VERY heavy but not magnetic. Most have a circular shape, about 1-2 inches in diameter. A few have a flat bottom. Any guesses?...
0
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1answer
31 views

Temperature of the earth [closed]

What are the main factors that contribute to the temperature fluctuations/cycles of a location? Is the earth's temperature cycle dictated mainly by the temperature cycle of the ocean? How does the ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Is this particular multiple rainbow unexplained by science?

The gist of the BBC News article 'Incredibly rare rainbow' photographed in Highlands is that while it has several familiar features, there are aspects that are still unexplained. Question: Are there ...
3
votes
0answers
18 views

Why did notosuchians and similar crocodylomorphs thrive in the Jurassic-Cretaceous but fail to compete with adequate mammalian competitors?

Notosuchia has a long and storied past. They seem to have gotten by just fine with dinosaurs dominating the makeup of mid and late Mesozoic megafauna. Despite dinosaurs having more developed and ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

Hi please could someone help identify this rock. Received it as a gift from a friend [closed]

The rock has green,purple and white stripes.
3
votes
5answers
483 views

What is this geomorphological form?

What is this geomorphological form located at Vitrolles, France? And how is it formed? It is like a 'raised flat land', or a base of a hill where the top 80% is cut, leaving only the wide, flat base.
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Anyone sucessfully installed pywafo for Python 3 under windows OS?

I've tried: pip install wafo pip install wafo==0.3.1 The instructions of readme provide a 2 step installation process but it fails on the first one. I am using windows 10 and python 3.6.1. Right ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Why does the OSCAR database describe Landsats fire identification as “daylight only”?

The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review (OSCAR) Tool describes the High-Resolution Imager (HRI) (which flies on Pléades-1A and -1B, among other ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Why is diabase/dolerite erosion resistant?

Diabase is often considered to be relatively erosion resistant. We can generally find diabase dikes cross-cutting various strata through the geologic landscape, wherein, the diabase dike or sill is ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Daughter found a unique rock at daycare in New Gloucester Maine

Daughter found a really unique rock and says its a meteorite (she's 5). We are not sure. She found it on the playground at school on the ground. It does have some magnetism to it (minor amount - ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Fossil in Chert pebble picked up on a Kent beach

Please identify the fossil in the picture below. size of pebble is around 40mm diameter and the pebble had been broken to reveal the internal structure.
6
votes
1answer
105 views

I'm still confused about what “probability of precipitation” means

I'm trying to understand what weather forecasts mean more precisely. As I understand it from reading Wikipedia, blogs, etc., the percentage value for rain/precipitation that you see in a forecast is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

mineral identification request

Metallic luster Grey crystals, appear black in photo, grey streak With quartz Non-magnetic Softer than stainless steel blade, harder than fluorite =>hardness ~5 Found in California on the eastern ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Discrete distribution of daily rainfall [closed]

How can I estimate the rainfall rate every ten minutes during a day having the total amount of rainfall during that day ?

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