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2
votes
4answers
135 views

Is Oregon lake extremely pure water? If so, why?

My question is, Is the lake shown in the YouTube video Clear Lake, Oregon extremely pure water by volume not counting dissolved air which might be about 1 in 20 by volume? In case you didn't ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

ERA-5 data downloader… other than CDS-API?

The CDS API does not behave well on our machines. Has anyone had any luck scripting their own ERA-5 reanalysis large-data download script? Perhaps something that is not nearly as large, clunky, and ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Predicting the weather in two months

On Nov 1, I looked at the Dallas monthly weather averages (pasted below) and tried to predict the average temperature for Jan 2020. It's hard to see any trend, so I would simply predict 46.2 +/- 3.5 °...
7
votes
1answer
72 views

Does Antarctica have a lot of aquifers?

I got to thinking about freshwater on Antarctica. Obviously, there is a lot of freshwater ice. However, the deeper you go underground, eventually the dirt will be warmed geothermically. So does the ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

How reliable would measuring global heating from satellite be?

Some anthropogenic global heating (AGH) skeptics deny that any global heating is occurring. I figured out a way that could be used to refute them. A weighted average of all of the thermal points on ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Natural air-CO2 deviations in the troposphere

I'm working on a room air quality management algorithm, and many sensors seem to respond with CO2 measurements of as little as 200 ppm. Obviously a sensor giving off this value will be broken or badly ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why does the ocean seem much cleaner than the bay I live near

I live in Melbourne near a bay, and it always seems really dirty, whenever I go out to the open ocean the water always seems much cleaner. Is there a reason for this, does the bay trap pollution or do ...
1
vote
3answers
40 views

How to deal with a pond silting up [closed]

I live in a town that has a sizable pond that is dammed with a concrete overfall spillway. Decades ago the state demanded that the dam be installed to guarantee that the surface height of the pond ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

mineral prospecting in Iran

I live in Iran and I want to do personal mineral prospecting for natural crystals and gemstones and beautiful minerals. Unfortunately, there are no reliable information available. Anyone can help me ...
8
votes
2answers
164 views

What caused peak CO2 to rise, starting about 400,000 years ago?

This question assumes the accuracy of this (and similar) charts. Source of image. From the image, CO2 peaked at about 260, perhaps 265 ppm during the interglacial periods between 800,000 years ago ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Large Igneous Provinces are like Lunar Mare?

Would Large Igneous Provinces like the Deccan Traps have looked like ancient lunar Mare from space? Glowing lava oceans shinning in the night? Are these two things similar in nature? Would smoke from ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Do tectonic plates “float” over the mantle and “collide” like icebergs?

I'm always hearing about tectonic plates as large chunks of crust floating on the mantle just like boats. In timescales of millions of years they move and even collide. But I'm starting to think this ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

In the USA, are pesticides regulated differently for animal vs human consumption? [closed]

I'm looking into growing edible oyster mushrooms. I'm considering using whole-oat horse feed in the growing process. I realize that additional steps are taken to ensure food is fit for human ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Ore Deposit Determination

How are ore body sizes determined? What are the most reliable techniques of determining the size of ore deposits as well as their content?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Heat at High Altitudes

Why does the temperature of let’s say 85 degrees Fahrenheit in southern California feel hotter at 7,500 ft elevation than it does at sea level?
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Ocean Greenhouse Gases Released by Meteorite Impact

A huge amount of CO2 is absorbed by the ocean and stored in the ocean, and methane is stored as clathrates. For every mega-meteorite or asteroid that impacts on land, two hit the sea. In a range of ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

In the 800 kyr $\ce{CO_2}$ record, how detectable would a short-term peak be?

It is stated in https://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/trends/co2/ice_core_co2.html that the temporal uncertainty for the glacier $\ce{CO_2}$ records is less than $5~\%$ at any given moment. That means ‒ for ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Paleogeographic Map

How do you construct a paleogeographic map with given sedimentary structures as guidelines?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to better understand the RIP-nomenclature used in the CMIP5 project?

I am a statistician working on a climatological downscaling project in the Caribbean Sea. I am just starting to learn about the CMIP5 GCM data project. I plan to download CMIP5 data from 6 climate ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Why was the precipitation-streamflow correlation greater in the intact catchment at Hubbard BrookI

I gave an assignment and ran a class on this data last year. https://lifediscoveryed.org/r290/hubbard_brook_streamflow_response_to_deforestation Its a classic small watershed experiment where ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

The climate effect of the Russian industrial collapse in the early 90's

In 1982 ExxonMobil made this diagram with a slightly excess of the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming. Can this error be explained by the Russian industrial collapse in the ...
39
votes
7answers
12k views

CO₂ level is high enough that it reduces cognitive ability. Isn't that a reason to worry?

I think the level of carbon dioxide in the air is high enough to reduce the intelligence of humans. This has nothing to do with climate change. Except that both mean we should reduce CO₂. I never ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

does nitrogen fixation plants consume nutrients from soil

I am a farmer. I have lot of "touch me not" plants (Mimosa pudica)in my coconut plantation field. Many people are saying I have to get rid of them for two reasons. 1. It is very difficult to walk in ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What are the ranges of CO2 levels for inner cities and should CO2 be added to the air quality index?

I have a indoor CO2 monitor and putting it on my balcony it indicates values of 1400-2200 ppm for different days ? Is this even possible and what are the ranges of CO2 levels for the outside air of ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Why the Indian Monsoon doesn't start in the north?

The usual explanation for the Indian Monsoon that I read everywhere is that it is generated by winds from the Arabic Sea, moving to India mainland because of the low pressure there. These winds are ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Hydrophone/geophone sensor sensitivity - noise versus signal

Today, a student asked this question, and I was unable to answer it in a way that was understandable and accurate - even for myself. For seismic data acquisition projects, how are sensors able to '...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences? [closed]

Very similar to what happens in other sciences, I would like to know, ¿What are the main hypotheses or postulates that are currently being reviewed and studied in Earth Sciences?
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Can a braided fluvial create thick relatively continuous siltstone beds?

I am attempting to interpret an outcrop I went to. I suggested it was created by a braided fluvial. The one thing I cannot explain are prominent alternating siltstone beds with the sandstone beds. ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Does a greenhouse need to be built on agricultural land? [closed]

Is it possible to build a climate-controlled greenhouse just about anywhere assuming that it contains soil-beds, a light-controlled , temperature-controlled and moisture-controlled environment and ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

On the solidity of the Earth's core [duplicate]

From what I know from various textbooks, pop-science shows and my classes, the earth's core is solid. But how does the concept of solid and liquid make sense at these high temperatures.
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years?

Does extrapolating current CO2 trends indicate 7632 PPM CO2 and 14C temperature anomaly within 200 years? It looks like simply extrapolating the current trends of increasing atmospheric CO2 would ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

How to read and plot seismic waveform data in Ascii format using Obspy?

I wish to plot seismic waveform data using Obspy, bu they are in Ascii format. Is it possible to read and plot Ascii file using Obspy?
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Short-term forecast of Europe by using synoptic charts

I should make a short-term forecast of Europe by using synoptic charts. I'm finding it really hard so I'd be glad if you help me. 'В' means high atmospheric pressure I'm trying to figure out the ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Why is Carbon Dioxide a Greenhouse Gas whereas Ammonia is not?

Why are some gases Greenhouse gases while some are not? I did search this on the net but didn't get any clearcut/credible answers. What exactly is the property that is common among Ozone, Water ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Blue Ridge Mountains and the Great Smoky Mountains

Why is it that in the Blue Ridge and Great Smoky Mountains that in October, thunderstorms stop happening and why is it that there were thunderstorms in the forecast a few times this October and today ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

What could possibly be a rational basis for rejecting climate science? [closed]

Here is my logic (thus not opinion) if the anthropogenic global heating AGH deniers actually do not have any rational climate science basis for rejecting anthropogenic global heating then everyone ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What the humidity metric is hiding?

So I have been spending time in Moscow Russia which essentially records very similar climatic humidity to my home city of London. However in Moscow my throat is permanently dry, I need to consume more ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

formula to convert precipitation in mm/h to runoff in m³/s

I have precipitation data in mm/h but to use them for my model I need them in m³/s. Is there a formula to convert them?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Why is it that Spring in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is the peak season for forest fires both man made and lightning caused when it rains so much in the spring and it is so wet there in ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Modelling extreme rainfall events: 'blanket approches' when considering soil infiltration

For my thesis on modelling an extreme rainfall event with a 2D surface runoff model I'm supposed to consider the effect of soil infiltration on the runoff: In my work description it says I'm supposed ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

Help understanding this image of an unusual double reflected rainbow

The BBC News item Double reflected rainbow photographed in Orkney shows an unusual kind of double rainbow. According to the article: The image was captured by Martin Gray at Gyran on Tuesday ...
6
votes
3answers
935 views

What is the impact of divergent tectonic plates on old mountain ranges?

I found this question, which is similar to what I'm wondering, but my question is slightly different: What happens if a new divergent boundary forms in a way that bisects a mountain range, especially ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Average Snowfall for Snowy Places?

I just moved to Wisconsin, so my family is throwing snow statistics at me. But it seems to me that the most meaningful average US snowfall statistic isn't available (or easy to find). The average ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

CAPE Calculation

I read in various places that CAPE is the area between temperature and the saturated adiabat through LCL from LFC to EL and approximated by $\bigl(\sum_{i=LFC}^{EL} {T_{ap}-T_e\over T_e} \...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

What does the containment percentage mean when a fire department is reporting on a wildfire?

The LAFD reported that the Getty fire near Los Angeles is "5% contained". What is meant by "containment" and what does 5% containment mean in this context? I've tried googling "wildfire containment" ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How do we apply CO2 sensitivity (3C ± 1.5C for every doubling) to current CO2 levels

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_sensitivity#Estimating_climate_sensitivity This indicates that current CO2 levels have a temperature equilibrium of 2.2C disagreeing with statements that we are ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Creating a general log sheet for CTD and ADCP for fieldwork

It is close to the deadline for conducting research on a research vessel for the Irish Sea (one month left). I'm currently a student and would like some descriptive observational data/variables needed ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is there a website where i can freely download monthly average temperatures per city?

I'm building a garden calendar app that uses the average temperature for each month to create a calendar. Are there websites that allow me to easily download this data in json format?
2
votes
2answers
37 views

Why is the jet stream stronger in winter?

I notice on a website talking about the jet stream https://www.weather.gov/jetstream/jet It says: The winds blow from west to east in jet streams but the flow often shifts to the north and south. ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans?

How can we accurately quantify the degree of scientific certainty that global heating is caused by humans? It seem virtually certain that the huge 100 PPM spike in CO2 since 1950 can only be caused ...

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