3

According to Role of methane clathrates in past and future climates, Methane occurrences and the organic carbon content of sediments are the bases used to estimate the amount of carbon currently stored as clathrates. The estimate of about 11,000 Gt of carbon for ocean sediments, and about 400 Gt for sediments under permafrost regions... So 400 ...


2

Your first two links don't seem to mention clathrates. Much ado about methane says: What methane are we talking about? The largest methane pools that people are talking about are in sediments of the ocean, frozen into hydrate or clathrate deposits (Archer, 2007). The total amount of methane as ocean hydrates is poorly constrained but could rival the ...


2

Rotting vegetation generates methane, or marsh gas as it is sometimes called. The most obvious method by which clathrates were formed in Arctic regions is that many years ago during summer and autumn, rotting vegetation produced methane, which combined with water at cold temperatures to produce methane ice, otherwise known as clathrates. Extremely cold ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible