6

Note that in addition to Camilo's answer, Wikipedia links to a peer reviewed BAMS article noting that: Satellite measurements of ground temperature taken between 2003 and 2009, taken with the MODIS infrared spectroradiometer on the Aqua satellite, found a maximum temperature of 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), which was recorded in 2005 in the Lut Desert, Iran. The Lut ...


3

Instead of «whirling thermometer» you probably refer to «sling psychrometer» consisting of a dry-bulb thermometer and a wet-bulb thermometer. Yet, different to a static wet-bulb thermometer shown in the question, the constant rotation of the two thermometers permits evaporation from the wet cloth around the web bulb thermometer to «pristine parts» of ...


2

If you are trying to do a model skill assessment, then the best way is to try to use observations that have a similar footprint to the model. I would recommend you try remote sensed data. A good place to begin is here. If you are looking for observations at a point in the Mediterranean, you can try in Copernicus. If you are a registered user of ECMWF ...


1

It looks like a geophysical method. But a wide variety of such methods have been applied to the Yamal crater by Olenchenko et al. (2015): The complex of geophysical survey techniques included electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), near-field transient electromagnetic sounding (Transient Electro Magnetic (TEM) sounding), magnetic survey, and radioactivity ...


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