The **land surface** is a major component of the Earth's hydrocycle and biosphere. It has significant impacts on the atmosphere and climate.

The land surface is a major component of the Earth's hydrocycle and biosphere. It has significant impacts on the atmosphere and climate.

The land surface consists of various terrains, and biomes, from mountainous alpine heath, to coastal rainforest, to wetlands, to polar tundra and ice-sheets. The land surface also includes open water in the form of lakes and rivers.

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