4 votes
Accepted

What causes these periodic high-pressure blobs along the west coast of South America?

It's really not clear from their website what data source those maps are showing. They could be derived purely from surface observations, purely from model output, some atmospheric analysis ...
Deditos's user avatar
  • 3,950
4 votes
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Will the hot Atlantic shape global/local weather and if so, how?

More important is the behaviour of the AMOC (Atlantic meridional overturning circulation) with developing climate change. This collapse leads to very different effects, e.g. that the water masses are ...
Weiss's user avatar
  • 1,989
3 votes

Does storm seasonality vary with latitude?

It really depends on how you define storms. For tropical storms, there are some regions where they are not usually a threat. Likewise, for extratropical storms, there are latitudes where such things ...
BarocliniCplusplus's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

How do upper-level cyclones and anticyclones affect surface level winds?

High pressures and low pressures at any height do not exist in isolation. Had to remind myself a lot of this (so anyone feel free to correct), but the first thing worth highlighting is that the ...
JeopardyTempest's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Why did Hurricane Harvey have so much lightning associated with it?

The storm and basics: Here is an animation I got from this NOAA Tweet of the lightning in Harvey hours before landfall: This link, where I found the imagery, offers some basic thoughts, including the ...
JeopardyTempest's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Required temperature difference between land and sea for sea breeze

So wind is caused by differences in atmospheric pressure which in turn is a result of temperature induced density differences. 1. Required temperature diference: A quick search brought up this ...
potatasbravas's user avatar
2 votes
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Why do tropical cyclones get more attention than extratropical cyclones?

Extratropical cyclones are relatively well understood. They often follow the Norwegian Cyclone model, which was developed in the 1910's and 1920's. Because of their spatial extent, extratropical ...
BarocliniCplusplus's user avatar
2 votes
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Where can I find high-resolution, historic weather data for urban areas (like ERA5 but higher spatial resolution)?

I think the ERA5-Land dataset suits your purpose. See https://www.ecmwf.int/en/era5-land. As the website says, 'The data is a replay of the land component of the ERA5 climate reanalysis with a finer ...
Jorn's user avatar
  • 163
2 votes
Accepted

Derivative of Exner function

Start with the original equation. Let's first write the Hydrostatic equation: $$\frac{\partial p}{\partial z}=-\rho g$$ So let's prove that $$-g=c_p\theta\frac{\partial \pi}{\partial z}$$ If we ...
BarocliniCplusplus's user avatar
2 votes

How are thermals really released?

I fly too, so I have first hand experience with movement of air below 13000 feet (Cessna 172). I have my simple version: in an otherwise calm weather a thermal has three stages which looked from ...
kamran's user avatar
  • 164
2 votes

How to statistically downscale wind speeds?

Regarding 2: The roughness length is dependent on height, eg: $$z_0 = Az\exp(-u(z)/\sigma_u)$$ where $A=\frac{\sigma_u}{u_*}k$. ($k$ is the Von-Karman constant and $\sigma_u/u(z)$ represents the ...
Whir's user avatar
  • 451
1 vote

Does storm seasonality vary with latitude?

Yes, In he tropics where humidity is more ubiquitous moist air currents feed systems that allow for storms. In temperate climates these storms proliferate where it's warm and humid and die off in ...
LazyReader's user avatar
1 vote

Derivative of Exner function

After looking back into this I found my error to lie in the long equation $\dfrac{\partial \pi}{\partial z}=\left(\frac{1}{p_0}\right)^{\frac{R}{c_p}}\dfrac{\partial}{\partial z}\exp\left(\frac{R}{...
chriss's user avatar
  • 83
1 vote
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How can I learn to make mesoscale/synoptic analyses of major weather events?

You're definitely on the right path with wanting to dig into raw data yourself. RAP has always been a pretty solid source of useful basic data. But in terms of making sense of the data, it indeed ...
JeopardyTempest's user avatar

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