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According to Cottam et al. (2013), Mount Kinabalu was not formed by volcanism. It is a granite pluton, so it was emplaced in the crust as an intrusion, and later exhumed. The authors mention rollback of the subducting Celebes Sea as the cause for extension and magmatism in the region. As for the earthquake, I can't answer this part, sorry.


The definition of temperate rainforest is rather vague and varies around the world, but in general they are forests well away from the tropics which have a mild, damp climate, and prolific rainfall. Trees can be coniferous, evergreen broadleaf or deciduous broadleaf. Welsh rainforest (I prefer to call it woodland) is mainly deciduous oak, and rather bleak in ...


It depends where the mountain is. Usually it is plate tectonics or volcanism that makes mountains higher, but in some circumstances it could be erosion. During the Ice Age,there were a couple of kilometres of ice pressing down on northern Britain. When the ice melted, it did so quite rapidly in geological terms. The ice not only disappeared, but torrents of ...


This actually does happen, a feedback loop between the Himalayas and the Indian monsoon. The Indian Plate is actively shoving itself under the Eurasian Plate, creating the Himalayas. At the same time, monsoon storms come up against the southern side of the Himalayas. The high mountains enhance the storms' rainfall, and the mountains erode much more on ...

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