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This question is a little vague, with multiple aspects, but I shall do my best. Computing resources Some universities have their own clusters or supercomputers. But many countries also have regional or national facilities. For example, ARCHER2 is the latest iteration of the UK's national supercomputer service. Small amounts of computing time are available ...


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Another UK perspective here to supplement Semidiurnal Simon’s answer (which reflects my experience too). The UK research community is dominated by a single family of models known collectively as the Unified Model. The code for these is owned by the UK's national weather and climate modelling center, the Met Office, and used gratis under license by academics....


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It should be noted that NetCDF data just describes the format that the data is in. One dataset that I know of (IBTrACS) contains data that is not gridded data, and also contains a landmask. But this is besides your question. To rephrase your question: How can I determine the orientation of the coastline in a gridded dataset? Well, one way is using ...


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I actually just found an article that explains such a calculation in detail, using a matrix propagator method: Padovan et al. 2018 This is a calculation for gas giants or bodies in hydrostatic equilibrium. The calculation of the Love numbers for terrestrial planets that have viscoelastic behaviour requires the rheology (which includes models for the rigidity)...


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