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10

Great question. These features are mesoscale Eddies and they are akin to hurricanes in the atmosphere. They are the ocean’s high or low pressure systems and are the result of instabilities. The cyclonic eddy (counterclockwise direction in the northern hemisphere) is called a cold-core eddy and the anti-cyclonic eddy is called a warm-core eddy. Unlike ...


9

I have worked as a climate-change specialist in many countries including those with coral atolls, such as the Maldives, Solomon Islands and Samoa. I have analysed, at first hand, both the the tide-gauge and satellite-based rates of sea level rise. Notwithstanding the non-scientific writings of that well-known journalist, Andrew Bolt, the demonstrable truth ...


4

I'm posting this as an answer rather than a comment to expand a bit on the excellent answer from Isopycnal Oscillation and note some minor differences I observed. I had actually looked for temperature and temperature anomaly differences in the middle of the eddies and didn't see them prior to posting the question so it didn't look like upwelling at first. ...


3

I just came upon this paper by Tomascik et al. (1996). It does not answer directly your question, but I found it sufficiently relevant to post it here anyway. It's a study of coral colonization after emplacement of a lava flow. They found that only five years after emplacement of an andesitic lava flow from Gunung Api in 1988, large parts of this new ...


2

I take it that your iron balls are hollow and made of rust resistant steel. It would be a fiendishly expensive project, but I doubt it would have the result you suggest. The iron balls would have to be linked together by chain or rope to prevent them dispersing in ocean currents and ending up on beaches around the world, like the cargo of plastic ducks which ...


2

based on Hunga Tonga, either within a decade or even before the volcano ever reaches the surface. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00338-019-01868-8 https://matangitonga.to/2019/12/09/Tonga-corals-hunga-volcano


1

"The decrease in δ13C as water flows from the Atlantic to the North Pacific is due mainly to the addition of organically produced material and its subsequent oxidation as it falls through the water column. Marine organic carbon has a δ13C of near -250/00, hence the addition of this material decreases the δ13C of the ΣCO2." (from ...


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